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2019年人教新课标高考一轮复习必修三Unit2课件

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Unit 2   Healthy eating
词句基础过关

   课文经典回顾

     重点词汇讲练

         写作句型仿写
           写作微技能
词句基础过关
 写作词汇

1. ____fry  cakes in the pan在平底锅里煎饼
2. ______glare  at me silently默默地怒视着我
3. _____sigh for her lost youth为她失去的青春而惋惜
4. ______digest  this report领悟/吃透了这份报告
5. go/be on a _____diet 节食, 减肥
6. sell at a __________discount 减价出售
7. a _____slim  young girl一位苗条的少女
8. lack _____raw  materials 缺少原料
阅读词汇

1. barbecue     n. 豌豆
2. roast        n. 蘑菇
3. bean         vt. & n. 烧烤;烤肉
4. pea          n. 豆;豆科植物
5. mushroom     v. 烤;烘  adj. 烤制的
6. nut          n. 桃子
7. peach        n. 羊肉
8. mutton       n. 胡萝卜
9. carrot       n. 坚果;果仁
10. vinegar     n. 胸部;乳房
11. fibre       n. 纤维;纤维制品
12. breast      n. 醋
13. lemon       n. 柠檬
14. cucumber    n. 大蒜
15. eggplant    n. 辣椒;辣椒粉
16. bacon       n. 熏咸肉;腊肉
17. garlic      n. 黄瓜
18. pepper      n. 茄子
词汇转换

1. Fresh air is __________(benefit)beneficial  to our health. 
作表语用形容词。

2. I had to explain the reasons to satisfy his 
_________curiosity  (curious). 
在形容词性物主代词后接名词。

3. Don’t take his patience as a sign of __________weakness  
(weak). 
在介词of后用名词作宾语。
4. In this game, you need more science than 
_________strength  (strong). 
与science并列,用名词。

5. The ________(host)hostess  made her guests 
comfortable. 
作主语用名词,由her可知应是表示女性,
用hostess。
6. The new store across the road has taken away 
most of my ___________(custom).customers  
路对面的商店带走了我的许多“顾客”,用
customer的复数形式。

7. It’s important for us to eat a ___________balanced  
(balance) diet. 
修饰名词用形容词。

8. Only a ________limited  (limit) number of places are 
available. 
修饰名词用形容词。 
词组搭配

1. ____________before long 不久以后
2. ______________put on weight  增加体重
3. ____________lose weight  to keep slim为了保持苗条减肥
4. ________________earn one’s living  by teaching以教学谋生
5. ________spy on  the thief暗中监视那个盗贼

6. __________cut down  the cost削减成本
7. ______________get away with  telling people lies骗人却没有
    受惩罚

8. _________ought to  do it at once 应该立刻做这件事

9. _____ tell  a white ____lie  撒了一个善意的谎言

10. _____win  customers ______back  赢得回头客

11. consult _____with  you on a matter和你商量一件事
12. combine diet _________and/with  exercise将饮食和锻
      炼结合起来

13. benefit ______from  daily exercises得益于每天做操

14. limit my speech ____to  ten minutes把我的演讲
     限制在十分钟之内

15. be heavily/deeply ________in debt 负债累累
 美句必背

1. “Nothing could be _______(good)better ,”he thought.
他想,“再也没有比这更好吃的东西了。”

2. He could not have Yong Hui _______getting (get) away 
with telling people lies! 他不能让咏惠哄骗人们后
跑掉!

3. Suddenly he saw his friend Li Chang _______hurrying  
(hurry) by. 突然, 他看到自己的朋友李昌匆匆地走
过。
4. Their balanced diets became such a success  
_____that  before long Wang Peng became _______slimmer 
(slim) and Yong Hui put on more weight. 他们的
平衡膳食如此有效,不久王鹏变得苗条了,而
咏惠也长肉了。

5. According to my research,neither your 
restaurant _____nor  mine offers a balanced diet.我
的研究表明,你我两家餐馆所提供的都不是平
衡的膳食。 
课文经典回顾
语法填空

    It had been a very strange morning. Wang Peng  
1 _____felt  (feel) very frustrated when he saw none of 
his customers would eat in his restaurant as usual.  
2 ____In  his opinion,nothing could be 3 _______better  
(good) than his fried rice,mutton kebabs,fatty 
pork or his sugary cola. When 4 __________following  
(follow) one of his best friends into Yong Hui’s 
newly opened restaurant,he was  5 _______amazed 
(amaze) at the menu there:raw vegetables,
fruit and water. 
In order to win 6 ____his  (he) customers back,
before long he went to the library to do some 
research,7 _______showedwhich  Yong Hui’s menu 
didn’t give the customers energy-giving food. 
In fact,there was  8 _________weakness (weak) in Wang 
Peng’s menu as well. So the only solution is 
9 __________to combine (combine) the two menus together 
to get 10 ___a  balanced menu. 
短文改错

    At the library Wang Peng was surprised to 
found that his restaurant served far too many 
 find                         much
fat and Yong Hui’s far too little. Even though 
her customers might get thin after eat Yong 
                         eating
Hui’s food, but they were not eating enough 
energy-giving food to keep them fit. 
They would become tiring very quick. Wang 
                tired  quickly
Peng feel more hopeless as he drove back 
home. 
    felt    hopeful
Perhaps with discount and a new sign he could 
         a

win herhis customers back.
1. found→ find  因不定式符号to后用原形。
2. many→ much   修饰不可数名词fat。
3. eat→ eating  在介词after后应用动名词作宾语。
4. 删除but  因为前面已有连词even though了。
5. tiring→ tired  指人疲倦要用tired。
6. quick→ quickly  修饰动词become用副词。
7. feel→ felt  由本句中的drove或上文动词时
态可知,用一般过去时。
8. hopeless→ hopeful  上文表明Wang Peng发
现了对方饮食存在不足,回来后应更加“充满
希望”。
9. 在discount前加a  因表示打折前面一般加
不定冠词,又如at a discount, offer/give a 
discount。
10. her→ his  与主语he指代一致。
重点词汇讲练
1. balance  vt. 平衡;权衡   n. 平衡;天平

派 生   balanced   adj. 平衡的;均衡的

搭 配

keep/lose one’s balance 保持/失去平衡
a balanced/healthy diet 均衡/健康饮食
 运 用

⑴ You ought to have a __________balanced  (balance) 
state of mind. 

⑵ The key to learning skating is ___________to keep the  
________balance  (保持平衡). 

⑶ Try to __________________(balance your diet 均衡你的饮食) 
by eating more fruit. 
2. strength  n.强项;  长处;  (人的)力气,  力量

派  生  ___________strengthen  vt.加强;增强
      ________strong  adj.强壮的;强大的

反  义
weakness 弱点→weaken 削弱→weak 弱的

联  想  long长的→length长度→lengthen加长 
3. consult  vt. 咨询;请教 vi.  商量 (go to a 
person or a book for information or advice)

搭  配  consult with sb 与某人商量


派  生  consultation n. 磋商;咨询;商会
      consultant n. 顾问;咨询者
类  例

account→ accountant 会计;
assist→ assistant 助手;
participate→ participant 参加者;
immigrate→ immigrant 移民;
serve→ servant 仆人;
apply→ applicant 申请者;
occupy→ occupant 占领者
运  用  根据汉语提示完成英文句子。

⑴ I suggest he ______________________(should) consult a lawyer
(请教律师).
 
⑵ You can __________________________consult (=refer to) a dictionary 
(查字典)of place names. 
4. benefit   n. 利益,好处  vi. 得益
                   vt. 有益于;对……有益

 搭 配

 benefit from sth 得益于……
 for the benefit of 为了……的利益
 be beneficial to… 对……有益
 be of benefit to… 对……有益
运  用  用上述短语填空。

⑴ Taking a walk after supper _____________is beneficial to
____________your health  (对你的健康有益). 

⑵ ___________________________For the benefit of our country  (为了我们
国家的利益),you must spare no effort to 
protect the forest. 

⑶ Your success _______________benefited from  (得益于) 
your teacher’s help last year. 
5. combine     v. 联合;组合     n.联合体

 搭 配

combine…with/and… 把……与……结合
 运 用

⑴ 我们应当劳逸结合。
We should combine business __________with/and  
pleasure. 

⑵ 我们应当理论联系实际。
We should _______________________________.combine theory and/with practice  
6. get away with doing sth (做了某事)不受惩罚;
                                             携带……逃跑

 运  用

⑴ Nobody can get away ______with  telling lies in 
public. 

⑵ It is unfair that some businessmen _______have got  
__________away with  (不受惩罚)making poisonous beef. 
7. cut down 削减;砍倒

 联  想

cut off切断;中断
cut in 插嘴;打断
cut up切碎
 运  用

⑴ This morning the old man cut _______down
the tree and now he is cutting it ____.up  

⑵ Our water supply has been cut ______.off
8. before long 不久以后(soon; by and by)
    long before 很久以前

运  用

⑴ He said that he had worked in the White 
House ___________long before  (很久以前). 

⑵ ___________Before long   (不久后),he became the best 
known boss in the country. 
写作句型仿写
1. 否定词+比较级没有比……更……的

 仿 写
 ⑴ 在我们班没有人比Lucy更漂亮了。
 Nobody ismore ___________________ beautiful than  Lucy in our 
 class. 

 ⑵ 再也没有什么比你保持健康更珍贵的了。
 Nothing is ____________________more precious than  your keeping 
 fit. 
2. with…,  sb can… 有了…,某人就能够…

仿  写
⑴ 也许有了老师的帮助,我就能够解决这个问
题。
Perhaps _____________________,with my teacher’s help   ______I can  solve 
the problem. 

⑵ 也许通过反复的训练,她很快能独立驾驶了。
_________________________________________Perhaps with repeated practice she could drive 
independently in no time. 
3. In this/ that way,  sb… 这样/ 用这种方式,
                                            某人……

 仿  写

⑴ 用这种方式,他能解决这个问题 。
 ___________________In this way he can  settle this problem.
⑵ 只有这样,我们才能成功。
Only in this way can we be successful.
4. sb must have done sth 某人一定做了某事

 仿 写

⑴ 昨天她一定打了篮球。
She __________________________must have played basketball  yesterday.

⑵ 昨天她一定没有去参加晚会。
She can’t ______________________have attended the party  yesterday.
写作微技能
          “主+系+表”谚语翻译  
        (与前面Unit 1重复!)
一、汉译英  请将下列汉语译成英文,然后
朗读背诵。

1.时间就是金钱。     Time is money.

2. 知识就是力量。Knowledge is power. 

3. 诚实是上策。Honesty is the best police. 
4. 一切皆有可能。
Nothing is impossible.

5. 没有消息就是好消息。
No news is good news. 

6. 失败是成功之母。
Failure is the mother of success.
7. 自信是成功的第一秘诀。
Self-trust is the first secret of success.

8. 节约时间就是延长生命。
To save money is to lengthen life. 

9. 活到老,学到老。 
It is never too old to learn. 
     基本句型3:主语+谓语(vt.)+宾语  


        该句型中的谓语动词必须是及物动词,即
是需要跟宾语的动词。

        名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词,以及
名词性从句都可以作宾语。如:
名词     I love my motherland我爱祖国。
代词     I love you!我爱你!
不定式    He decided to quit smoking.他决定戒烟
       。
wh-  to I don’t know what to do.我不知做什么
do     。
动名词    I enjoy playing tennis. 我喜好打网球。
从句     She said that she liked dancing.她说她
       喜欢跳舞。
注:
       像came across (偶遇),look into (调查),
turn down(拒绝), put up with(忍受), take 
care of(照顾), have a good knowledge of (通晓)
等短语动词,在平时的学习和运用中,将其视
作一个整体来对待,即一个及物的短语动词。
翻译下列句子。

1. 我根本不相信他。(believe)
I don’t believe him at all. 

2. 他经常处罚他的儿子。(punish)
He often punishes his son.  

3. 我常避免周六去购物。(avoid)
I often avoid going shopping on Saturdays.
4. 孩子们恳求着要和我们一起来。(beg)
The children begged to come with us.  

5. 你必须克服一切困难。(overcome)
You must overcome all difficulties. 

6. 我们设法说服了他。(manage)
We managed to persuade him.

7. 我拿不定主意穿什么。(decide)
I can’t decide what to wear /what I should wear.
8. 我记得曾在一次聚会上见过她。(remember)
I remember meeting her at a party once.

9. 我在公交车上偶遇一位老友。(come across)
I came across an old friend of mine on a bus.

10. 我们会尽快调查此事的。(look into) 
We’ll look into the matter as soon as possible. 
11. 这可能会导致最糟糕的结果发生。(lead to)
This will lead to the worst outcome. 

12. 我应该拒绝他的报价吗?(turn down)
Should I turn down his offer?

13. 你不得不忍受它。(put up with)
You have to put up with it.
Thank you !
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