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必修① 
 Unit 2 English around the world 
词句基础过关

   课文经典回顾

      重点词汇讲练

          写作句型仿写
词句基础过关
 写作词汇

1. _______________command/order  him to start at once命令他立
    即动身
2. ____________request/ask  him to come early要求他早点来
3. __________recognize  him as a pickpocket认出他是小偷
4. ____________________________recognize/acknowledge/admit  his own
    shortcomings承认他自己的缺点
5. _________frequent  cultural exchange 经常的文化交流
6. her _______native  language/tongue她的母语
7. go ________straight  down the road 沿着这条路一直走
8. step on the _____gas 踩油门,加速
9. master the ______usage  of the words掌握词的用法
10. enlarge/expand your ___________vocabulary 扩大词汇量
11. speak with a southern ________accent 说话带有南方
      口音
12. be afraid of thunder and __________lightning 害怕雷声
      和闪电      
阅读词汇

1. AD           n. 出租车
2. cab          公元
3. lorry        n. 电梯;升降机
4. block        n. (英)卡车(=<美>truck)
5. elevator     n. 街区;块;木块;石块
6. petrol       n. 航行;航海

7. voyage       n. 本身;本体;身份

8. apartment     n. (英)汽油=(美)gasoline

9. latter       n. (美)公寓住宅;单元住宅

10. identity     adj. 较后的;(两者中)后者的
词汇转换

1. __________(actual),Actually  noise pollution isn’t hard 
to control.
修饰全句用副词,表示“实际上,事实上”。

2. ___________(gradual)Gradually  we acquired experience 
in how to do the work.
修饰全句用副词,表示“逐渐地”。
3. The college is not an __________(official)officially  
recognized English language school.
修饰动词recognized用副词,表示“正式地”承认
或认可。

4. With practice he could speak French _______fluently 
(fluent).
修饰动词speak用副词,表示“流利地”。
5. Your test should emphasize the vocabulary 
item more ___________frequently  (frequent) used.
修饰动词的过去分词used用副词,意思是将测
试重点放在“频繁使用的词汇”上。

6. Tom didn’t make a single _________(spell)spelling  
mistake in his composition.
表示“拼写错误”,用spelling mistakes。
7. Complete the conversation with __________expressions 
(express) given in the box.
作介词的宾语用名词,表示“词语”。

8. If you wish to see the sun rise, watch the 
_________(east)eastern  sky at dawn.
在名词前作定语用形容词,表示“东方的,东
部的”。
 词组搭配

1. ________come up to your apartment上你公寓住宅看看
2. ____________make use of  every chance利用每一次机会
3. _____________play a part in  the play在该剧里扮演一个角色
4. ____________be based on  historical facts以历史事实为根据
5. __________,At present  he is on holiday. 目前他正在度假。
6. words ________such as  “he” and “it”像he和it之类的词
7. be postponed ___________because of  rain因下雨被推迟了
8. have a good command ____of  French精通法语
9. refuse his request _____for  money拒绝他要钱的
    请求
10. request that he _______________(come)(should) come  early
      要求他早点来      
11. command that he ___________(go)(should) go  at once命
      令他立即就去
美句必背


1. Native English speakers can understand each 
other even ___________ if/though  they don’t speak _____the  
same kind of English.以英语为母语的人,即使
他们所讲的英语不尽相同,也可以相互理解。
2. It was based more on German _______than the 
English we speak at present.当时更多地是以德
语为基础,而不是以我们今天所说的英语为基
础。

3. Believe it or not,there is no _______such thing as 
standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)没有什
么标准英语。
4. Today the  number of people learning English 
in China _______________(increase)is increasing  rapidly. 目
前中国学习英语的人数正在迅速增长。
 

5. However,on TV and the radio you will hear 
differences ____in the way they speak.然而,在电
视上或收音机上,人们讲的英语会有所不同。
课文经典回顾
语法填空

      So why has English changed over time?  
1 __________(actual)Actually  all languages change and 
develop when cultures meet and communicate 
with each other. At first the English  2 ________spoken  
(speak) in England between about AD 450 and 
1150 was very different from the English spoken 
today. It was based more  3 _____Germanon  than 
the English we speak at present. 
Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, 
English 4 __________(become)became  less like German 
because those 5 _______ruledwho  England spoke first 
Danish and later French. These new 6 _________settlers  
(settle) enriched the English language and especially 
its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was 
able to make use of a 7 _______wider  (wide) vocabulary 
than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved 
to America. Later in the 8 ____________eighteenth (eighteen) 
century some British people 9 _________were (take) taken to 
Australia too. English began to be spoken in both 10 
__________countries (country). 
短文改错
      English now is also spoken as a foreign and 
                                 or
second language in South Asia. For example, 
India has a very large number of fluently English 
                          fluent
speakers so Britain ruled India from 1765 to 
1947. because

During that time English become the language 
                   became
for government and education. 
English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia
and country in Africa such as South Africa. 
   countries
Today the number of people learning English in 
China are increasing rapid. In a fact, China may 
      is         rapidly 
have the largest number of English learner. Will 
                            learners 
Chinese English develop own identity? Only time 
will tell.        its
1. and→ or 表示选择,意为“或者”。
2. fluently→ fluent  作定语,修饰English 
speakers,用形容词。
3. so→ because  英国统治印度是印度讲英语的
人多的原因,引导原因状语从句用because。
4. become→ became  因During that time就是
from 1765 to 1947,当然就是过去时间了,用
一般过去时。
5. country→ countries  指在非洲的国家,非洲
不止一个国家,故用复数。
6. are→ is  因the number of… (……的数量)作主
语,谓语动词用单数。比较: a number of…作主
语,谓语动词就要用复数。
7. rapid→ rapidly  作状语,修饰谓语,意为“迅
速增加”,用副词。
8. 去掉fact前的a  因为in fact (=in effect, in reality, 
actually事实上,实际上)是固定词组。
9. learner→ learners  学英语的人最多,可见不止
一个,多于一个就要用复数。
10. 在own前加its  因own的前面习惯上要有物主代
词,指“中式英语的”,故用its。 
重点词汇讲练
1. base   n.底部;基础 
              vt.以……为基础/根据

 搭  配

 be based on 以……为基础/根据
 on the basis of 在……的基础上 
 运  用

⑴ 我们是在实验的基础上得出这个结论的。
We drew this conclusion ________________on the basis of
______________.experiments  

⑵ 我们的意见应该以事实为依据。 
We should base our opinions on facts./
Our opinions should be based on facts.
2. command n. & vt. 命令;指令;掌握

搭  配

 command that sb (should) do sth=command 
 sb to do sth 命令某人做某事 
 be under the command of由……指挥/控制
 have a good command of精通
联  想

像command一样,其后的名词性从句的谓语动
词用“(should+)动词原形”的常用词有:
一个“坚持(insist)”;
两道“命令(order,command)”;
三条“建议(suggest,advise,propose)”;
四点“要求(demand,  ask,require,request)”
。 
 运 用

⑴ The army is _______under  the king’s direct 
command. 

⑵ My father commanded me _______(do)to do  my 
homework right now. 

⑶ He commanded that the girl ___________(should) leave 
(leave) at once. 

⑷ Employees in this company need to have a 
good command ____of  English. 
3. request  v. & n.请求;要求

搭  配

request that sb (should) do sth=
request sb to do sth 要求某人做某事
运  用

⑴ The boss requested the young man ________to write  
(write) a letter of recommendation. 

⑵ The boss requested that the young man 
(should)____________(write) write  a letter of recommendation. 
4. recognize  vt.认出(know sb/sth again);
                          承认 (admit);公认(accept)

搭  配

 recognize…as/to be 承认/认为……是
运  用

⑴ 我承认我的缺点。
I recognize my own shortcomings. 

⑵ 她变得我简直认不出来了。
She had changed so much _________________that I could hardly
______________.recognize her

⑶ 他被认为是我们学校最优秀的足球运动员。
He is recognized as/to be the best football 
player in our school.
5. because 因为(连词,后接从句)
    because of 因为(短语介词,后接名词、
                       代词或what从句)                       

联  想

表示原因的短语还有thanks to,owing to,
due to,as the result of等。
运  用   用because或because of填空。

 ⑴ He walked slowly ___________ his injured 
                 because of
leg.
                 because
 ⑵ He walked slowly ________ his leg was 
injured. 
                        because of
 ⑶ We have to cancel our trip ___________ the 
bad weather.   
6. come up 走近;上来;长出;发芽

例  句

The little boy came up to the stranger and 
showed him how to get to the police station. 小
男孩走到这个陌生人跟前给他指到警察局的路
。
联  想

come up to 达到(某标准);升到(某点)
come up with 想出(办法;主意)
come about 发生
come across 穿过;遇见
come to 总计;达到;苏醒
come out 出现;出版;发表
when it comes to…当谈到…… 
运  用

⑴ We won’t forget the day when we watched 
the sun _________come up on the top of Mountain Tai. 

⑵ It’s certain that he will ______________come up with  a 
new idea of solving the problem. 

⑶ He ____________came up to  the policeman and asked 
the way. 
7. such as 例如;像……一样的;
                  诸如……之类的 

 比  较

 such as短语介词,只能放在名词前,可举
 其中几个例子。
 for example (例如)副词词组,可放句首
 、句中或句末,其前后常有标点,可列举同
 类中的一个或几个例子。例子可以是一个名
 词、一个句子、一件事、一个故事等。 
 运 用   用such as或for example填空。 

⑴ You can buy fruit here—oranges and 
bananas, ____________.for example

⑵ You can use any two colors—___________,for example  
red and yellow.
⑶ He enjoys team sports ________basketball,such as  
football, and volley ball.

⑷ Words _________“he”,such as  “it”, “who”, and 
“anything” are pronouns.

⑸ The hospital has to treat emergencies 
such________ as  car accidents.
8. Make (good/ full) use of(好好/ 充分)利用;
                                            使用

 派 生

We should try to ______________(make use of 利用)  every 
chance we have to speak English. 
写作句型仿写
1.  even if=even though 即使(引导让步状语从句)

仿  写

⑴ 即使下雨我也要去看你。
I will call on you even if _________.it rains

⑵ 即使困难重重,你也应该坚持干下去。 
Even if there are many difficulties,you ______should
__________________.insist on doing that  
2.  more…than…比……更……;
                             与其说……不如说……

仿  写

⑴ 与其说他是个老师不如说他是个学者。
He is more a _________thanscholar  a _________. teacher  

⑵ 幸运的是,他受的伤不重,只是受惊了。
Luckily,he was more __________frightened  than ______.hurt
3.  This/ It is because…(+原因)这是因为……
     This/ It is why…(+结果)这就是……的原因

 仿  写

 ⑴ 他没出席会议的原因是因为他突然病了。
 He was absent from the meeting,and this was 
 because_________________________. he fell ill suddenly

 ⑵ 这就是我们不相信他的原因。
 This is the reason _______________________.why we don’t trust him   
4.  there is no such thing as + n. 
     没有像……这样的事

 仿  写
⑴ 世上没有免费的午餐这种事儿。
There is no such thing as a free lunch in 
the world.

⑵ 没有坏天气这回事,不一样的天空不一样
的美丽。
____________________________________There is no such thing as bad weather ;
every sky has its beauty. 
Thank you !
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