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人教版高中英语选修七课件:Unit 5 Travelling abroad--Learning about language

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Unit 5 Traveling abroad 

    Learning about language
  Word-consolidation-I (2m)
Answer keys for excise 1 on page 40:

   1. acknowledged  6. analysed
   2. contradicts   7. comfort
   3. recommendation 8. qualification
   4. occupied      9. preparation
   5. requirement   10.adjust
 Word-consolidation-II (2m)
Answer key for exercise2:
   adjusted…to,   requirements, 
   motherland,    drafts, 
   cafeteria,     occupies, 
   lecture,       tutor, 
   recommends,    idioms, 
   autonomous,    queue, 
   substitute,    routine, 
   academic,      fit in
Grammar (5m)

         Grammar

   Restrictive Attributive Clause
       非限制性定语从句
1. 限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句:
  限制性定语从句:所谓限制性定语从句就是先
  行词在意义上不可缺少的定语,如果去掉, 主句
  就会失去意义或意义不完整。这种从句和先行
  词的关系十分密切,写时不用逗号和主句分开。
e.g. I was the only person in my office who was 
 invited.                                                   
 我是我们办公室唯一被邀请的人。
 (如果把从句部分去掉, 整个句子的含义就变了)
 非限制性定语从句:非限制性定语从句和主句的
 关系并不十分密切,只是对先行词做些附加说明,
 如果去掉,主句的意思仍然清楚。这种从句和主
 句之间往往用逗号隔开。在讲话时语调上须停
 顿。一般不用that引导。
1) His dog, which was now very old, became ill 
  and died.                                      
  他的狗当时很老了, 生病后就死了。(去掉从句, 
  主句的意义仍然完整:他的狗生病死了。)
 2) Yesterday I met Li Lei, who seemed to be very busy.                                   
  昨天我碰上李雷了, 他好象很忙。
 (去掉从句, 意义仍然完整:昨天我碰上李雷了。)

2. 非限制性定语从句中的一些问题:
a. 非限制性定语从句中, 指物时, 用which而不用
 that。
1) Football, which is a very interesting game, is 
 played all over the world.
2) All the books there, which have beautiful 
 pictures in them, were written by him.
b. 指人时主格用who,宾格用whom,物主格用
whose(也可指物)。
1) Miss Howe, whom you met in the library, 
  is our new teacher.
2) The Arabs, who are famous for their horses 
  and camels, use these animals for work and 
  in sports.
3) Li Ming, whose mother has been ill for two 
  days, is absent from school today.
c. 另外关系副词when(指时间), where (指地点)也
 可以引导非限制性定语从句(注意关系副词why
 不能引导非限制性定语从句);why不引导定语从
 句。
4) He lives in the city, where there is a high tower.
5) The People’s Republic of China was founded in 
 1949, when he was born.
d. 介词加关系代词也可以引导非限定性定语从句。
 6) Wu Dong, with whom I went to see the film, 
   enjoyed it very much.
 7) Her bag, in which she put all her books, has 
   not been found.
 8) The story about the Long March, of which
   this is an example, are well written.
3. as, which 非限定性定语从句
  由as, which 引导的非限定性定语从句, as
 和which可代整个主句,相当于        and this 或
 and that。As一般放在句首,which在句中。
 As we know, smoking is harmful 
 to one’s health. 
 The sun heats the earth, which is 
 very important to us.
   Function----practice (3m)
Suggested answers to Ex2 on Page 41.
  Mark Twain, who was a famous American 
  author, wrote The Million Pound Bank-note.
  The bird cages, some of which were in poor 
  condition, were sold by the shopkeeper at 
  half price.
  Joan passed her exam, which surprised me a 
  great deal.
  The minibus which I usually take on the 
  campus had an accident yesterday.
Shenghou-V, which was sent into space 
on October 15th, 2003, was China’s first 
manned spaceship.
The dogs, all of which were small and 
wite with long hair, barked loudly.
The battery to which the robot toys 
were connected failed to work last night.
I asked the doctor to tell me the reason 
why my hands are numb somethimes.
  Suggested answers to Ex3 on Page 41.
Peter, who people used to think was quiet, danced 
and sang all evening.;
For my birthday, Sharon gave me a picture 
(which) she had painted especially for me.
The operation, which improved my grandfather’s 
hearing, was performed in a famous hospital.
I saw many historical sites when I went on a tour 
around China, which was very exciting.
The two traffic accidents happened on the 
same morning, when there was a heavy fog.
Tang Ling volunteered to help the welfare 
house, where she teaches the homeless children.
As far as I’m concerned, Anne, whose daughter 
is in my class, should not be going to America 
next year.
He went on a bus tour with a group of people, 
most of whom had never travelled before.
Suggested answers to Ex4 on Page 41.
 Daniel, who is a trained and experienced climber, is 
 the best choice for your enterprise.
 Julie wants to make a few revisions to the book, 
 which is about to be printed.
 Abigail, who seemed too small and weak for heavy 
 work, always wished to drill for oil on an oilfield.
 Jamie, whose parents lived on a remote part of the 
 highlands, hated the idea of travelling overnight to 
 Scotland on the train.
 The other day Sam saw the snake, which had been 
 frightening all the children, sliding away fast into 
 the rocks.
          Homework

Summarize the rules of restrictive 
attributive clause and learn them by heart.
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