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外延版必修四Module3-clapping-课件

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  Module 3 
Cultural corner
  Clapping
What are they doing ?
   Learning aims
1. To know the new words and 
  expressions and use them 
  correctly.认识并会在语境中正
  确运用本课的词汇及短语。
2. To summarize the main idea of 
  each paragraph and the text. 
 能总结出各段落及文章的主要信息
1 live adj.        现场的
2 performance n.    表演
3 classical adj.   古典的
4 applause n.       掌声
5 judgement n.      判断
6 prolong Vt.       延长
7 infectious adj. 有感染性的
8 audience n.    听众,观众
9 competition n.   竞争
10community n.  团体,社团
11 occasion n.     场合
  英译汉                短语检测
1. at the end of 在……  的末尾
2. a live performance 现场表演
3. say thank you to the performers 对表演者说感谢
4. mean doing               意味着做某事
5. in competition with sb 和某人    竞争
6. prolonged clapping     延长的掌声
7. make a lot of noise  制造出巨大的声音
8. add…to               把 …… 加入到
9. from one country to another 从一个国家到另一个国家
10. clap at a wedding       在婚礼上鼓掌
    The main idea of each paragraph

                clapping


the reasons
                the history  the function 
for clapping
                of clapping   of clapping

paragraph1      paragraph2      paragraph3
      careful-reading

阅读方法——仔细阅读把握文章细节,
     并获取有效信息
Paragraph 1-------- find key words
We clap at the end    not clap at the end of 
of a                  a ______television____ or    a 
live performance
______________        ______book


           Without ______________audience, 
           the performers 
           won’t complete the  
           _______performance
Paragraph 3     Fill In the blanks
    Applause was a sign____ of being part of 
    the community________ ,and of ________equality  
    between  actors and audience . 
    Clapping is social_____, like laughter , it is 
    infectious________ and spreads very quickly. 
    Clapping at concerts and theatres is 
    a _______universal habit. But some ________occasions 
    on which people clap change from 
    one country to  another. In Britain 
    people clap at a ________,wedding   but in 
    Italy they sometimes clap at a _______.funeral
Why do we clap? To show we like something,
         鼓掌
 of course.  But we don't clap at the end of 
                             在结束时
a television programme or a book, however good
     电视节目
they are. We clap at the end of a live performance,
                                 现场表演
 such as a play, or a concert, to say thank you to
                    音乐会        表示对演出者的感谢
the performers. First they give, and then we give.
 performer演出者 perform执行;完成;演奏    performance
Without us—the audience—the performance would 
                观众
not be complete. adj.完全的;彻底的  v.完成
     习俗
The custom of clapping has early beginnings.
                                   判断;  审判
古典的;经典的;传统的         喝采;鼓掌          judge
In classical Athens, applause meant judgement
take part(in)参与 mean to do/mean doing; 
and taking part. mean doing 意味着做某事
                 和某人  竞争
Plays were often in competition with each other,
       延长的掌声
and prolonged clapping helped a play to win. 

The theatre was large—it could hold 14,000 people
         成年
half the adult male population of the city, 
which meant that the audience 
could make a lot of noise. 制造出巨大的声音
   掌声         标志                     团体
Applause was a sign of being part of the community, 
      平等
and of equality between actors and audience.
                           整齐地制造声响
The important thing was to make the noise together, 
    把 …… 加入到        拍手,鼓掌
to add one's own small handclap to others. 

         社会的,社交的;
Clapping is social, like laughter:
                           大声笑
you don't very often clap or laugh out loud alone.
It is like laughter in another way, too:
     传染的          传播
it is infectious, and spreads very quickly.
           音乐会;一致    电影院,戏院;戏剧;阶梯式讲堂
    Clapping at concerts and theatres is a 
         普遍的;通用的;宇宙的;全世界的;
              universal habit.
             场合
    But some occasions on which people clap 
               从一个国家到另一个国家
      change from one country to another.
                       在婚礼上鼓掌         婚礼
For example, in Britain people clap at a wedding,
        意大利                          葬礼
 but in Italy they sometimes clap at a funeral.
日前,记者参加了一个西班牙友人的葬礼,当人们看见死者的棺材
进入灵车驶向墓地时,竟发出了雷鸣般的掌声。由于记者一时没搞
清该“掌声”的真正含义,因此没敢动手“鼓掌”,为此还遭到了众人
的白眼。
    葬礼之后,记者就“鼓掌”一事请教了主持葬礼的西班牙司仪。
据此人解释,在西班牙风俗中,鼓掌有两层意思,一是世界通用的
含义,即表示喜庆、祝贺、鼓励等等;二是表示“永远爱你,永远想
你”。第二个意思的鼓掌只能在葬礼时使用,而且掌声越热烈表示对
死者的感情越深厚。在这样的场合,不鼓掌反而意味着幸灾乐祸,
要被人咒骂。
帕瓦罗蒂葬礼举行       意大利为他哭泣
  英译汉                短语检测
1. at the end of 在……  的末尾
2. a live performance 现场表演
3. say thank you to the performers 对表演者说感谢
4. mean doing               意味着做某事
5. in competition with sb 和某人    竞争
6. prolonged clapping     延长的掌声
7. make a lot of noise  制造出巨大的声音
8. add…to               把 …… 加入到
9. from one country to another 从一个国家到另一个国家
10. clap at a wedding       在婚礼上鼓掌
  汉译英

1.对表演者说感谢            say thank you to the performers
2.和某人    竞争          in competition with sb
3.延长的掌声              prolonged clapping
4.在……  的末尾           at the end of
5.现场表演              a live performance
6.意味着做某事            mean doing
7.制造出巨大的声音            make a lot of noise
8.把 …… 加入到         add…to
9.从一个国家到另一个国家             from one country to another
10.在婚礼上鼓掌          clap at a wedding
Translate the following sentences:

1.We clap at the end of a live performance, such as a play, 
or a concert, to say thank you to the performers. 
 在现场直播的最后,比如戏剧或者音乐会,我们会鼓
 掌,感谢演员们(的精彩表演)。

2. 在古代雅典,掌声意味着裁决和参与.
 In classical Athens, applause meant judgement and 
 taking part.
3. Some occasions on which people clap change from one 
country to another. 
  在不同的国家,人们鼓掌的场合会有所不同。
Language Points:
1. We don’t clap at the end of a television program or a 
  book, however good they are.
 however用作连接副词,相当于no matter how ,引导
  让步状语从句,意思是“不管怎样”
“无论如何......”,具体结构如下:
 (1)however+adj.+主语+系动词
   However rich people are, they always seem anxious 
  to take more money.
   无论人们多么富裕,他们似乎总是渴望挣到更多的
  钱。
 (2)however+adv.+主语+谓语
  However fast he runs, he can’t catch up with us.
  无论他跑得多快也不能赶上我们。
3.Some occasions on which people clap change from one 
country to another.
occasion [c]. 场合,时机,理由,机会,盛大场面
on that occasion 在那种场合
on special occasions 在一些特殊场合
There is /was no occasion to do sth.没有理由做某事
occasional     adj.偶尔的,非经常的
occasionally  adv.偶尔,间或
                 Homework

Write your description of clapping
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