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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit3Using Language

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Using Language


              课前预习 要点探究
Ⅰ.重点单词
1._______signal  vi.& vt.发信号;n.信号 
2._____type  n.类型;vt.& vi.打字
3.______coach  n.教练 
4._____arise  vi.出现;发生
   _____rise  vi.上升;升起
   _____raise  vt.升起;提高;种植;饲养
5.________electronic adj.电子的
   _________electricity  n.电;电学;电流

                                    课前预习   要点探究
6.___________appearance  n.外观;外貌;出现 
   _______appear  vi.出现
7.________character  n.性格;特点 
8._____mop  n.拖把;vt.用拖把拖;擦
9._____niece  n.侄女;甥女 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅱ.核心短语
1.___________signal to sb  向某人发信号
2.________in a way  在某种程度上 
3._________make up 编造;构成;化妆;弥补
4.______________with the help of 在……的帮助下
5._______deal with处理;安排;对付
6.__________watch over 看守;监视


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅲ.经典句式
1.She programs us with all the possible moves she has seen ___
  _____________________________while watching human games .
  她把观看人类比赛时所看到的一切可能的动作编入我们的程
  序。
2.____________________Whenever she comes ,I have to look after her,and 
  sometimes help her with her homework.无论她什么时候来我
  都不得不照顾她,有时候帮她做家庭作业。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
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                               课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
原文呈现


                               课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
                     课文译文

                    机器人——安迪
   我是一个机器人足球队的一员。大约每年一次,我们获准
聚在一起进行一场足球比赛。我大小和(真)人一样。事实上,
我看起来也很像人。我在球队中是前锋,所以我需要跑得非常
快。我的电脑芯片帮助我像人一样去移动和思考。例如,当我
启动的时候,我已经学会用计算机语言示意我的队友把球传给
我,然后我就可以有一个漂亮的射门。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   几年前我在日本的名古屋参加了我的第一场足球比赛。去
年我们队去美国华盛顿州的西雅图(参加比赛),并获得了第二
名。就我个人而言,我认为获得冠军的那个球队作弊了。就在
比赛前他们开发出来了一种新程序,所以我们需要鼓励我们的
编程人员也提高我们的智能。我们决心创作出一个更好的系统
。从某种程度上看,我们的程序员就像是我们的教练。她把观
看人类比赛时所看到的一切可能的动作编入我们的程序。接着
她准备好了可行的动作来应对新情况的出现。这样,我就可以
用我的“人工智能”编出新的动作。我真想同人类的球队比赛
,因为人们给我编程,使我能够像他们一样行动。不管怎样,
在我过目不忘的电子脑的帮助下,运用智能就是我的一切。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅰ.Choose the best answer according to the text.
1.From the picture,we can guess the passage is about        .
  A.a basketball match between humans
  B.a football match between androids
  C.a football match between humans and androids
  D.a basketball match between androids
  答案 B


                                    课前预习   要点探究
2.What part does Andy play in the team?
  A.Goal keeper.        B.Back.
  C.Striker.            D.Center.
  答案 C


                                    课前预习   要点探究
3.Why can the writer move and think like a human?
  A.His teacher helps him move and think like a human.
  B.A striker helps him move and think like a human.
  C.His friends help him move and think like a human.
  D.His computer chips help him to move and think like a human
  .
  答案 D


                                    课前预习   要点探究
4.Where did the writer's first football competition happen?
  A.In Japan.           B.In Seattle.
  C.In Washington.      D.In the United States.
  答案 A


                                    课前预习   要点探究
5.What does the writer hope to do?
  A.He hopes to travel like a human.
  B.He hopes to play against a national team.
  C.He hopes to play against a human team.
  D.He hopes to play against a robot team.
  答案 C


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅱ.True (T) or False (F).
1.The androids can often play games together.(  F    )
2.I am a striker,so I have to be able to run very fast.(  T    )
3.In the game,I need to speak to my teammates in English.(      
  )        F
4.Our team won second place in the match last year in Seattle.(      
  )       T
5.I disagreed to the result of the match.(  T    )


                                    课前预习   要点探究
1.For example,I have learned to signal to my teammates in 
   computer language to give me the ball when I am open and 

   have a good shot for a goal.(教材P23)例如,当我的前面没
   有人防守,有机会射一个好球时,我已经学会了用计算机
   语言向队友示意把球传给我。

signal vt.& vi.发信号;发暗号;示意 n.信号;暗号 

   ①Her speech yesterday was a signal that her views have 
   changed.她昨天的讲话标志着她的观点已经转变。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

(1)signal(to)sb to do sth示意某人做某事
   signal(sb)that示意……
   signal sth to sb向某人示意……
(2)traffic signals 交通信号灯 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②The diner signaled (to) the waiters ________to bring  (bring) the menu.
  用餐者示意服务员把菜单拿来。
③She signaled the other girls ______that  everything was all right.
  她对其他女孩发信号说一切正常。
④A  red light is a danger signal, which is even known to a 
  five­year­old child.
  红灯是危险的信号,这一点就连五岁的孩子都知道。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
2.In a way our programmer is like our coach.(教材P23)
   从某种程度上看,我们的程序员就像是我们的教练。

in a way在某种程度上,从某种意义上说 

[归纳拓展]

in the way妨碍
on the/one's way (to) 在(去……)的路上
by the way顺便提一下,顺便说一下
all the way自始至终;一路上
in this way用这种方法 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

in the way妨碍
on the/one's way (to) 在(去……)的路上
by the way顺便提一下,顺便说一下
all the way自始至终;一路上
in this way用这种方法 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①Don't stand ___________in the way .Move aside and let me pass.
   不要挡着路,靠边点让我过去。
②___________By the way ,what do you think about this team?
   顺便说一下,你认为这个队怎么样?
③Even if I have to walk all the way,I'll get there.
   即使我要一路步行,我也要到达那里。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
3.She programs us with all the possible moves she has seen 

   while watching human games.(教材P23)她把观看人类比赛
   时所看到的一切可能的动作编入我们的程序。
(1)句中的while  watching human games为时间状语从句的省略
   形式,完整形式应为while she was watching human games。
   ①While (I was) waiting,I was reading some magazines.
   我一边看杂志,一边等。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
(2)当时间、条件等状语从句的主语为it,或者与主句的主语一
   致,并且从句的谓语含有be(连系动词be,进行时态的be和
   被动语态的be)时,从句的主语和be经常一起省略。
   ②When(it is) _______(heat)heated ,ice can be changed into water.
   冰加热时变成水。
   ③I won't go to her party even if (I am) ______(invite)invited .
   即使受到邀请我也不去参加她的聚会。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
4.Then  she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation 

   arises.(教材P23)
   然后她把我在新情况下能用得上的可靠动作(也)准备好。

arise vi.(arose,arisen)发生,出现,产生;起身,起立 

arise from/out of由……而引起;由……而产生;从……中产生 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①Accidents often arise __________from/out of  carelessness.
   事故往往由粗心引起的。
②At  break,Mr.Green got down to dealing with the matters 
   _________(arise)fromarising  his class.在休息时,格林先生开始处
   理他班上所发生的事情。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
5.After all,with the help of my electronic brain which never 
   forgets anything,using my intelligence is what I'm all 

   about!(教材P23)
   不管怎样,在我过目不忘的电子脑的帮助下,运用智能就
   是我的一切!

after all毕竟;别忘了;终究;终于 

   ①It has turned out to be a nice day after all.
   天气终于转晴了。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

above all 尤其重要的是;最重要的是
all in all 总的说来 
in all 总计
not at all根本不 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②You  shouldn't have blamed him ______at all .He is a little child 
   ________after all .________Above all,he made only two mistakes _______in all .
   你根本不该责怪他,毕竟他还是个小孩子;更重要的是,
   他总共才出了两处错。
   [名师点津] after   all可置于句首或句末。导出原因或提醒
   人们一个事实时,通常置于句首,译成“毕竟;别忘了”
   ;置于句末时,含有与预料的情况相反的意思,译成“结
   果,终究”。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
6.This means that it should clean the house,mop the floors

   ,cook the dinner and deal with telephone calls.(教材P24)
   这意味着它应该清理房子,擦地,煮饭和处理电话。


deal with处理;对付;涉及 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①Deal with a man as he deals with you.
   (谚)以其人之道,还治其人之身。
②His latest book __________deals with  the problem of children‘s safety at 
   school.
   他最近的一本书涉及孩子们在学校的安全问题。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[即学即用] 选用以上短语填空
③They know how to ________deal with  the problem.
④What have you __________done with  the old typewriter?


                                    课前预习   要点探究
7.It should also watch over my naughty niece,who comes to 

   my house very often.(教材P24)
   它也应该看护我那淘气的外甥女,她经常到我家来。

watch over看守;监视;守护;照管 

   ①He asked me to watch over his pet while he was on business
   .
   当他出差时,他让我照看他的宠物。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②They use trained dogs to ___________watch over  their sheep at night.
   夜间他们用训练过的狗看守羊群。

watch for观察;等待
watch out(for)当心;提防 

③We have to watch out for fast traffic along here.
   我们要当心这里快递的车流。
③We have to watch out for fast traffic along here.
   我们要当心这里快递的车流。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
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