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人教版 必修一 Unit 4 Earthquakes --The Attributive clause

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 ActivityActivity  II
A guessing game
   What is it?
 ---It is a tool(工具).

 --- It is a tool which you can use when you don’t 
  know the meaning of a word.

 --- It is a tool whose cover is usually red.
               a dictionary
 ActivityActivity  II
A guessing game
   Who is he?
 ---He used to be a famous host who worked in 
  CCTV .

 --- He was a man who was born in Xinjiang.

 --- He died in America just last month.
               Mr. Liyong
1.She is aa  teacherteacher  who/that is in her thirties.
2.She is a teacher whom/that students love.
3.It is a tool that/which you can use sometimes.
4.It is a tool whose cover is usually red. 
5. He was a man who/that was born in Xinjiang

What are the sentences?
A. adverbial clauses(状语从句)    
B. subject clauses (主语从句)
C. object clauses (宾语从句)        
D. attributive clauses (定语从句)
     UnitUnit  44    GrammarGrammar


      关系代词:关系代词:
who/whom/that/which/whosewho/whom/that/which/whose

                2018年11月16日
ActivityActivity  IIII
  What is Attributive clause(定语从句)?             
 定语从句定语从句::  修饰名词或代词的从句修饰名词或代词的从句..
 先行词先行词::  被从句修饰的名词或代词被从句修饰的名词或代词..
 关系(代)词关系(代)词::  引导定语从句引导定语从句,,并且指代先行词并且指代先行词..

She is  a girl   who can speak English well.

    先行词先行词 关系代词关系代词  定语从句定语从句

    她是一个她是一个说英语很好的说英语很好的女孩。女孩。
ActivityActivity  IIIIII Speaking and talking  
                   1.1.定语从句的写作步骤定语从句的写作步骤
                   ::
                  1.1.写写简单句简单句→→ 2.找同指一人
                                 或一物的词
                  →3.换为关系词      →4.连成从句
                   The man is Yao Ming.

    作作______主主 语语 whoHeHe  is playing basketball

The man  who                                          is Yao Ming.
  正在打篮球的人是姚明。
ActivityActivity  IIIIII     Exercise:


     DoDo  youyou  knowknow  thethe  manman  whowho  spokespoke  justjust  nownow??


   Jane has borrowed the book that/which 
   was written by Laoshe.
ActivityActivity    III III           Speaking and talking.

1.写写-- 2.找- 3.换 4.连


     I know the actor.

     whose作作His______定定   Wolf语语  Warrior II is very popular

I know the actor  whose                                                     .
  我认识这个演员,他的电影战狼2很受欢迎。
ActivityActivity  IIIIII   Exercise:


     That’sThat’s    aa  machinemachine    whosewhose  partsparts    areare  tootoo  smallsmall  
     toto  seesee..

    或者或者    That’sThat’s  aa  machinemachine    thethe  partsparts  ofof  whichwhich  
    areare  tootoo  smallsmall  toto  seesee..
  那是一个零部件小得看不见的机器。
ActivityActivity  IIIIII      Speaking and talking.
    写写--找-   换-   移-   连
           This  is a book .

             (which/that) 

(which/that 作作I bought______宾宾 语语  it yesterday.
)        主--------谓--------宾

  This is a book(which/that)                                yesterday.                 .  
         这是一本我昨天买的书。
ActivityActivity  IIIIII     Exercise

     They’re talking about the film.
    4
       I have seen the film.

  They’re talking about the film 
 (that/which) I’ve seen. 

     他们在谈论我已经看过的电影。
ActivityActivity              IV IV           DiscussionDiscussion        andand  conclusionconclusion小结小结::
  1.He was a man who was born in Xinjiang..
  2.We’re students whose class is called Zhihua Ⅱ. 
  3.She is a girl whom/that all teachers love.
  4.It is a tool that/which you can use sometimes.
  5.It is a tool whose cover is usually red.

1.1. 当当先行词先行词是是______人人 且从句缺少且从句缺少__________主主语语 时,填时,填_________._________.who/thatwho/that
2.2. 当当先行词先行词是是______人人 且从句缺少且从句缺少__________定定语语 时,填时,填_________._________.whosewhose
3.3. 当当先行词先行词是是______人人 且从句缺少且从句缺少__________宾语宾语 时,填时,填_________._________.whom/thatwhom/that
4.4. 当当先行词先行词是是______物物 且从句缺少且从句缺少__________主主语语 时,填时,填_________._________.which/thatwhich/that
5.5. 当当先行词先行词是是______物物 且从句缺少且从句缺少__________定定语语 时,填时,填_________._________.whosewhose
Activity ActivityExercise: 用which,  VV     that,who,whoseExercise:和whom填空.

1.1.  II  preferprefer  thethe  foodfood    which which                           /that/that                      isis  reallyreally  delicious.delicious.

2.2.  II  lovelove  singerssingers    whowho                    /that/that                        wwriterite  theirtheir  ownown  songssongs..

3.3.  HeHe  liveslives  inin  aa  roomroom    whosewhose                             windowwindow  facesfaces  north.north.

4.4.  MaybeMaybe  youyou  havehave  aa  habithabit  ____________is____________iswwhhich/ich/  thatthat    drivingdriving  
 youryour  familyfamily  crazycrazy(2014(2014全国全国II)II)..


5.5.  XijiangXijiang    isis  aa  MiaoMiao  villagevillage  __whichwhich                      //   that that                ..  manymany  
 touriststourists  visitvisit  eveveerydayryday..
ActivityActivity  VV    Translation::

 1. 我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。
     I don’t know the girl whom/that you  speak to.
 2. 她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。
  She is a girl who is called Mary.
  She is a girl whose name is Mary.
 3. 那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。
 Those boys who are playing tennis are my friends.
 4.她是我很喜欢的一位老师
 She is a teacher whom I like very much.
which oror  that?   
Don’t forget all _____that once you owned. 
Treasure something _____that  you can’t get. 
Don't give up anything ____that  belongs to you 
and keep everything ____that  is lost in memory. 
  which = that   ?
             曾经拥有的,不要忘记;
             不能得到的,更要珍惜;
             属于自己的,不要放弃;
             已经失去的,留作回忆。
1.This is the most interesting film ______that  I have 
ever seen.            最高级
2.The third place ______that  we are going to visit is 
New York.             序数词
3.This is the only food _____that I can find for you.
      the only, the very, any, no, all等修饰
4.The students and things _____that  you spoke of 
are known to us.     既有人又有物

5.Who is the worker _____that  took some pictures of 
the factory?        已有who或which时
   that ?
1.He made the same mistakes again ,_____ madewhich his 
parents very angry.
2.Yesterday I bought a dictionary,_______ costwhich me 
more than 100 yuan .
3.Mr Smith,_______who gave a talk several months 
ago,will come again.
4.My uncle has come back from abroad,______ I 
haven’t metwhom for a long time.
 (1)、在非限制性定语从句中不用 that,指事
 物用which,指人用who或whom.
    that ?  

1.This is the ring on  ______which she spent 1000 
dollars.
2.Xiao Wang ,with_______whom  I went to the 
concert, enjoyed himself very much.
 (2)、在介词后面,指事物用 which,指人
 用 whom.
 3. 表所有关系及整体中的一部分或全部时,用介
 词of, 有时可用whose转换。

 1) I’m painting a house, the roof _________of which  is
 round.
          I’m painting a house whose__________ roof  is 
          round.
2) They live in a house, _______whose  windows face
south.
          They live in a house, the windows
          _________of which  face south. 
ActivityActivity  VV    Homework:Homework:

   Finish the exercises 
      on Page 63.
  ThankThank  you!you!
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