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                     素养提升模拟练 四
                             文娱与体育


  2016   年全国卷Ⅲ完形填空文章讲述了作者凭借优秀表现成为最有价值的运

动员,   并通过竞争对手的表扬对人生又有了新的感悟。旨在培养考生调节和管

理自己的情绪的能力,         使学生们有积极的心理品质,            自信自爱,    坚韧乐观;     积极

交往,   有效互动。


                                                      (2016·全国卷Ⅲ)

  When I was 13,  my only purpose was to become the star on our football team. 

That meant 1 Miller King,  who was the best 2 at our school.  

    Football season started in September and all summer long I worked out. I carried 

my football everywhere for 3 .  

    Just before September,  Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm. I went 

to see him after he came back from 4 . He looked very  5 ,  but he didn’t cry. 

 

    That season,  I 6 all of Miller’s records while he  7 the home games 

from the bench. We went 10-1 and I was named most valuable player,   8 I often 

had crazy dreams in which I was to blame for Miller’s  9 .  
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    One afternoon,  I was crossing the field to go home and saw Miller 10 

going over a fence—which wasn’t  11 to climb if you had both arms. I’m sure I 

was the last person in the world he wanted to accept  12 from. But even that 

challenge he accepted. I  13 him move slowly over the fence. When we were 

finally 14 on the other side,  he said to me,  “You know,  I didn’t tell you this 

during the season,  but you did 15 . Thank you for filling in for 16 . ”  

    His words freed me from my bad 17 . I thought to myself,  how even 

without an arm he was more of a leader. Damaged but not defeated,  he was  18 

ahead of me. I was right to have  19 him. From that day on, I grew 20 and a 

little more real.  

【文章大意】作者一直想成为学校足球队的明星并取代                        Miller King。但在赛季

前,   Miller King 被车撞了,  失去了右臂,     不能参加比赛了。作者凭借在赛季中

优秀的表现,      被评为最有价值的运动员,          但是他在梦中总感觉他应该为             Miller 

King 的车祸负责。后来, Miller King     对他的表扬让他释然了。

1. A. cheering for      B. beating out

C. relying on           D. staying with

【解析】选      B。词语辨析题。作者想成为学校足球队的明星,                   他就要打败学校

足球队里的最佳运动员          Miller King。beat out 打败。

2. A. coach     B. student     C. teacher   D. player

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据上下文可知, Miller King           是学校足球队最优

秀的运动员。故选        D。

3. A. practice          B. show
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

C. comfort              D. pleasure

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。作者想成为学校足球队的明星,                   所以整个夏天都

在练习踢足球。practice      练习。

4. A. school   B. vacation    C. hospital   D. training

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。前面一句提到             Miller King 被车撞了,  所以住院。

此处指出院后“我”去看他。

5. A. pale     B. calm      C. relaxed  D. ashamed

【解析】选      A。背景常识题。Miller King     被车撞了,     失去右臂,    所以出院后脸

色苍白(pale)。

6. A. held     B. broke    C. set     D. tried

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。根据这一段的内容可知,                我被评为最有价值的运

动员,   这说明“我”成为了学校的足球明星,             打破了   Miller King 原来创下的所有

纪录。hold/break/set a record 保持/打破/创造一项纪录。

7. A. reported          B. judged

C. organized            D. watched

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。Miller King     受伤了,    所以只能在家里看(watch)比

赛。

8. A. and      B. then     C. but     D. thus

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。作者被评为最有价值的运动员,                   但是他在梦中总

感觉他应该为       Miller King 的车祸负责。

9. A. decision  B. mistake  C. accident  D. sacrifice
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。前面提到           Miller King 被车撞了,  所以此处指车祸。


10. A. stuck   B. hurt     C. tired      D. lost

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。“我”看到          Miller 跨越栅栏时被卡住了。stuck       表示

“不能动;     不能继续做某事”。

11. A. steady     B. hard     C. fun      D. fit

【解析】选      B。背景常识题。对于有双臂的人来说,               爬过栅栏是不难的。

12. A. praise        B. advice

C. assistance        D. apology

【解析   】选   C。逻辑推理题。作者认为他成为最有价值的运动员,                     打破了

Miller 的所有纪录,    想当然认为     Miller 不喜欢他,   所以  Miller 最不想从他那儿得

到帮助(assistance)。 


13. A. let     B. helped       C. had    D. noticed[来源:学,科,网]

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。“我”帮助          Miller 越过了栅栏。

14. A. dropped          B. ready

 C. trapped             D. safe

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。原来不能越过栅栏,               现在过去了,     所以此处表示

安全到达另一边。

15. A. fine    B. wrong       C. quickly    D. normally

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。此处指          Miller 对作者的表扬,    说: “你做得很好”。

do fine 做得好, fine 在此处是副词。

16. A. us      B. yourself    C. me         D. them
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。原来         Miller 是学校足球队最棒的,       现在作者替代

了他。所以      Miller 说: “谢谢你代替了我。”fill in for sb. 临时接替某人,      暂代。

17. A. memories         B. ideas

C. attitudes            D. dreams

【解析】选      D。词汇复现题。根据上文的            I often had crazy dreams 可知。

18. A. still    B. also   C. yet   D. just

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。Miller King     对作者的表扬让作者释然了,            他使作

者认识到虽然他受伤了但没有被打败,                他仍然(still)比作者强。

19. A. challenged       B. cured

C. invited              D. admired

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据上文作者对              Miller 的赞扬, 此处指作者一直

佩服他是对的。

20. A. healthier        B. bigger

 C. cleverer            D. cooler

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。作者描述的事情发生在他                 13 岁时,  在和   Miller 谈

话后,   他发现自己的身心变得越来越强大了。


1. 通读文章,    根据框架填写关键词

              ·I wanted to become the ①_________ of the football team 

 My dream[来源:学_科_网 Z_X_X_K]
              ·I had to beat out Miller

   Miller’s   ·He was struck by a car 

   accident   ·He looked ②_________ but didn’t cry 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

              ·I broke all of Miller’s records 

  My success  ·I was ③_________ most valuable player 

              ·I had crazy dreams in which I was to blame for Miller’s accident 

              ·Miller tried going over a ④_________ 

              ·I helped him move slowly over the fence 
 Our meeting
              ·Miller ⑤_________ me for my best records 

              ·I was encouraged by Miller’s words 


2. 难句剖析[来源:Zxxk.Com]

①That season, I broke all of Miller’s records while he watched the home games 

from the bench. 

分析: while 连接并列分句,      表示转折和对比。

翻译: _____________________________________________________

②We went 10-1 and I was named most valuable player, but I often had crazy dreams 

in which I was to blame for Miller’s accident. 

分析:   本句中   in which I was to blame for Miller’s accident 是定语从句, most 

valuable player 是主语补足语。

翻译: _______________________________________________

答案:


1. ①star    ②pale   ③named    ④fence    ⑤praised[来源:学科网 ZXXK]

2.①那个赛季,     我打破了所有       Miller 的记录, 与此同时,    他只能待在家里看比赛。
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

②我们以     10 比 1 赢得比赛,    我被评为最有价值的球员,          但是我经常做离奇的梦, 

在梦中我要为       Miller 的车祸负责任。


Ⅰ. 阅读理   解

  Chinese kungfu is one of the earliest and longest-lasting sports that use both 

muscle and brain. Over its long history it has developed as a unique combination of 

exercise,  practical self-defense,  self-discipline and art. 

   It is estimated that Chinese kungfu can date back to primitive society. At that time,  

people used sticks to fight wild beasts. Gradually,  they accumulated a great deal of 

self-defense experience. When the Shang Dynasty began,  hunting was considered 

an important part of kungfu training. 

   During the Shang and Zhou Dynasties,  martial arts(武术) evolved to become a 

kind of dancing. Usually,  the dancing of martial arts was used to train soldiers and 

inspire their morale. At the same time,  the skill and technology of sword making as 

well as sword ceremonies developed rapidly. 

   Starting from the Tang Dynasty,  a kungfu examination was proposed and 

introduced. Excellent candidates would receive titles and awards through the 

examination,  largely promoting the development of martial arts. By then,  martial 

arts had evolved to become an art form and an independent genre. Kungfu was 

gradually introduced to many countries in Southeast Asia. Today,  kungfu is 

honored as the ancestor of kickboxing(跆拳道),  karate(空手道) and judo. 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

   The S ong and Yuan Dynasties witnessed the climax of kungfu development. The 

practice of kungfu by civil organizations became more and more popular. People 

actually made a living as martial arts performers all over the country. Usually their 

performance was carried out by a single person or two people as a pair. 

   Chinese kungfu achieved greater development in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. In 

the Ming Dynasty,  a lot of genres came into being and numerous books on martial 

arts were published. In the Qing Dynasty,  the ruling empire banned the practice of 

martial arts,  and the people had to set up various clubs or societies to pass on the 

skills in secret. 

   Today,  kungfu continues to be practiced by many people for the purpose of 

keeping fit or improving body i mage. 

【文章大意】本文介绍了中国功夫的起源和发展的过程。

1. According to the text,  ________was an important part of the development of 

kungfu in ancient times.  

A. hunting           B. dancing

C. singing           D. fighting

【解析】选      A。细节理解题。根据第二段            When the Shang Dynasty began,  

hunting was considered an important part of kungfu training. 可知在商朝的时候, 

打猎被认为是功夫训练的一个重要部分。故选                    A。

2. During the Shang and Zhou Dynasties,  kungfu was used to ________.  

A. promote the national economy

B. keep healthy and improve body image
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

C. train soldiers and inspire their morale

D. fight big wild animals

【解析】选      C。细节理解题。根据第三段            the dancing of martial arts was used to 

train soldiers and inspire their morale. 可知武术被用来训练士兵和鼓舞他们的士

气。故选     C。

3. What can we learn from the text? 

A. The production of swords reached the highest point during the Tang Dynasty. 

B. Kungfu was performed by many people during the Song and Yuan Dynasties. 

C. Kungfu has had a great impact on many activities in Southeast Asia. 

D. The Tang dynasty witnessed the climax of kungfu development. 

【解析】选      C。推理判断题。根据第四段            Today,  kungfu is honored as the 

ancestor of kickboxing,  karate and judo. 可知中国功夫尊为跆拳道、空手道和柔

道的祖先。中国功夫对东南亚国家有较大的影响。故选                        C。

4. How did kungfu evolve in the Ming Dynasty? 

A. The emperor set up many organizations to promote kungfu. 

B. Various genres appeared and books were published about kungfu. 

C. Kungfu became the only performance at court parties. 

D. People made a living as kungfu performers all over the country. 

【解析】选      B。细节理解题。根据倒数第二段              a lot of genres came int o being and 

numerous books on martial arts were published. 可知许多种类的武术开始形成, 

大量的关于武术的书籍面世了。故选                B。

Ⅱ. 阅读填句
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  根据短文内容,         从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中

有两项为多余选项。

                   What I Think of Boxing as a Sport

  Boxing is a popular sport. Newspapers,  magazines and sports programmes on 

TV frequently cover boxing matches. It could be the toughest of all sports to surviv e. 

It takes boxers hours in the gym and years to develop the specific characteristics 

needed to be a great boxer.  1  

  It seems to me that some people,  especially men,  find it appealing because it 

is an aggressive sport. When they watch a boxing match,  they can identify with the 

winning boxer. This gives them the feeling of being a winner themselves. 

   2     They do that because the boxer comes from their own country,  and if 

“their” boxer loses,  they often feel as if they have lost a fight themselves. It is a fact 

that many people have feelings of aggression from time to time,  but they cannot 

show their aggression in their everyday lives. Watching a boxing match gives them a 

way of expressing it.  

   3  Although boxers wear gloves during the fights,  and amateur boxers 

even have to wear helmets,  a kind of strong hard hat,  there have frequently been 

accidents in both professional and amateur boxing,  sometimes with dramatic 

consequences. Boxers have suffered from head injuries,  and,  occasionally,  

fighters have even been killed as a result of being knocked out in the ring.  4  

They are usually in the form of serious brain damage,  even if a boxer has never 

been knocked out.  
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  To conclude,  I am personally not at all in favor of aggressive sports like 

boxing.  5  We can celebrate more men and women from non-aggressive sports as 

our heroes in our society. I believe that the world has been aggressive enough already!  

Of course,  people like competitive sports,  and so do I,  but I think that hitting 

other people in an aggressive way is not something that should be regarded as a sport. 

 

A. However,  boxing can be a very dangerous sport. 

B. Sometimes fans are rooting for a particular boxer. 

C. In boxing,  fighters are required to hit a moving target. 

D. Many fans are drawn to the sport because they love the competition. 

E. Perhaps that is the reason why successful boxers are treated as big heroes. 

F. I think it would be better if less time was given to aggressive sports on TV. 

G. Besides,  studies have shown that there are often long-term effects of boxing. 

1. 【解析】选     E。分析该空前一句话,         再结合各个选项中的句子,           可选出   E 为

此空的答案。

2. 【解析】选     B。根据本空后的       They 可知,  这个  They 指代的是那些拳击手的

粉丝,   结合各个选项,      可马上选出     B, 因为它的主语是       fans。

3. 【解析】选     A。做好此题,     关键是抓住这一句后面所讲的内容。分析可知这

段所讲的是打拳击的一些危险的事,               故 A 为正确答案。

4. 【解析】选     G。根据分析,     可知这段所讲的是打拳击的一些危险的事,                  作为


这段的收尾,       应选  G。[来源:学科网]

5. 【解析】选     F。此处应该用一个作者表达自己观点的句子,                  故选  F。
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