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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:必修4 3 Unit3

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    My doorbell rings at 11 a.m. On the step, I find an elderly Chinese lady. She is small and 
slight. She holds a paper carrier bag in her hands.
    I know this lady. It is by no means her first visit. Her daughter, Nicole, bought the house next 
door last October.Nicole, who is currently in Shanghai, has apparently told her mother that I am 
having heart surgery shortly, and the  result is that her mother has decided I need to be supplied 
with meals.
    I know what is inside the paper carrier bag—a stainless steel container with a meal of rice, 
vegetables and either chicken, meat or shrimp. This has become an almost­daily occurrence.
    Communication between my benefactor(恩人) and me is somewhat handicapped by the fact 
that she doesn’t speak English and all I can say in Mandarin is “hello”. Once, she brought an iPad 
and pointed to the screen, which displayed a message from Nicole telling me that her mother 
wanted to know if the food was all right.
    “Your mother just can’t be bringing me meals like this all the time,” I protested. “I 
can hardly reciprocate by cooking something from my native land, like roast beef or Yorkshire 
pudding for her,”I said.
    “Oh,  no,”   Nicole said. “Don’t worry about that. She has to cook for the family 
anyway, and she wants to do it for you. You can call her Wing, which is her surname.” 
    The tenant in my basement suite is a university student who speaks Mandarin quite well, so 
with her help, I have found out that Wing is 68—13 years younger than I am. For my part, I was 
raised in wartime Britain.
    So here we are, two grandmothers a world away from where we were raised, neither of us 
able to speak the other’s language. But the doorbell keeps ringing and there is the familiar paper 
carrier bag, handed smilingly to me by Wing. 
    Right now I am working on some more Mandarin words—it’s the least I can do after such a 
display of kindness.
    “Thank you” is, of course, the first one, which somehow seems inadequate.

    【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了作者与邻居之间的故事,邻居是一位来

自中国的老太太,对作者非常关照。

    1. The author and Wing got to know each other________.
    A.as next door neighbors
    B.when exchanging meals
    C.by sharing similar experiences
    D.after using an iPad to communicate
    A 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段的前三句“I                     know   this lady...Her daughter,
Nicole,bought the house next door last October.”可知,作者与这位老太太是邻居。所以
A 项正确。
    2.The underlined word “reciprocate” in Paragraph 5 probably means “________”.
    A.do as well                           B.offer generously
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    C.give in return                       D.accept with pleasure
    C 解析:词义猜测题。根据第五段第一句中的“Your mother just can’t be bringing me 
meals like this all the time”可知作者认为老太太一直对自己那么好,而自己只是做一些本国
的食物,是几乎不能回报她的。C              项意为“回报”,故选          C。
    3.The author’s effort to learn Mandarin shows her________.
    A.great satisfaction                   B.real kindness
    C.heartfelt thanks                     D.sincere friendship
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中的“it’s the least I can do after such a display 
of  kindness”可知作者认为学习中文是为了感谢老太太对自己的好。A                        项意为“极大的满
意”;B    项意为“真正的友善”;C           项意为“衷心的感谢”;D           项意为“真诚的友谊”。
                                        B
    In ancient Egypt, the pharaoh(法老) treated the message runner like a prince when he arrived 
at the palace, if he brought good news. However, if the exhausted runner had the misfortune to 
bring the pharaoh unhappy news, his head was cut off.
    Shades of that spirit spread over today’s conversations. Once a friend and I packed up some 
peanut butter and sandwiches for an outing. As we walked light­heartedly out of the door, picnic 
basket in hand, a smiling neighbor looked up at the sky and said, “Oh boy, a bad day for a picnic. 
The weatherman says it’s going to rain.” I wanted to strike him on the face with the peanut butter 
and sandwiches. Not for his stupid weather report, but for his smile.
    Several months ago I was racing to catch a bus. As I breathlessly put my handful of cash 
across the Greyhound counter, the sales agent said with a broad smile, “Oh, that bus left five 
minutes ago.” Dreams of head­cutting!
    It’s not the news that makes someone angry. It’s the unsympathetic attitude with which 
it’s delivered(传递). Everyone must give bad news from time to time, and big winners do it with 
the proper attitude. A doctor advising his patient that she needs an operation does it in a caring 
way. A boss informing an employee he fails to get the job takes on a sympathetic tone. Big 
winners know, when  delivering any bad news, they should share the feeling of the receiver.
    Unfortunately, many people are not aware of this. When you’re tired from a long flight, has 
a hotel clerk cheerfully said that your room isn’t ready yet? When you had your heart set on the 
toasted beef, has your waiter merrily told you that he just served the last piece? It makes you as a 
traveler or diner want to land your fist right on their unsympathetic faces.
    Had my  neighbor told me of the upcoming rainstorm with sympathy, I would have 
appreciated his warning. Had the Greyhound salesclerk sympathetically informed me that my bus 
had already left, I probably would have said, “Oh,that’s all right. I’ll catch the next one.” 
Big winners, when they bear bad news, deliver bombs with the emotion the bombarded(被轰炸的) 
person is sure to have.

    【解题导语】 本文主要讲述当我们要告诉别人不好的消息的时候,要注意说话的方

式和语气,还要带有同情心。

    4.From “Dreams of head­cutting!”(Paragraph 3), we learn that the writer________.
    A.was reminded of the cruel pharaoh
    B.was mad at the sales agent
    C.wished that the sales agent would have bad dreams
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    D.dreamed of cutting the sales agent’s head that night
    B 解析:推理判断题。根据第三段的描述可知,“我”对售票员的态度很恼火。
    5.Which of the following is true?
    A.The author really appreciated the neighbor’s warning.
    B.From the passage we know that it is the bad news that makes someone angry.
    C.If the runner brought to the pharaoh unhappy news, he would be treated like a prince.
    D.When we want to deliver any bad news, we should share the feeling of the receiver.
    D 解析:推理判断题。根据第四段中的“Big                 winners know, when delivering any bad 
news, they should share the feeling of the receiver.”可知,当告诉别人不好的消息的时候,应
该带有同情心,应该分担消息接收者不好的感觉。
    6.What is the main idea of the text?
    A.Receiving bad news requires great courage.
    B.Helping others sincerely is the key to business success.
    C.Delivering bad news with sympathy is important in communication.
    D.Learning ancient traditions can be useful.
    C 解析:主旨大意题。本文主要告诉我们当我们告诉别人不好的消息的时候,要注
意讲话的方式和态度,应该带有同情心,分担别人的忧愁。
    7.In the writer’s opinion, his neighbor was________.
    A.not helpful                          B.not considerate
    C.friendly                             D.warm­hearted
    B 解析:推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Had                   my neighbor told me of the upcoming 
rainstorm with sympathy, I would have appreciated his warning.”可知,“我”认为邻居没有
同情心,不能为别人考虑。故选              B 项。
    Ⅱ 完形填空
    From  childhood,Moira loved to write. Throughout school she __1__ writing, but 
pursuing(追求) it __2__ was never a possibility. Her father was a doctor, her mother a 
nurse.“Medicine was a fairly __3__ option,” Moira says.  “And writing was a career where 
it wasn’t a __4__ that you’d have high income.”
    She became a doctor but still wanted to do some writing. However, being a doctor was so 
__5__ that she didn’t take up writing until her thirties. She __6__ a novel—a fictionalized version 
of her travels in China after university.  She got excellent __7__. Moira sent it off to as many 
agents as she could find,  and found one who wanted to __8__ her. Suddenly, it seemed she was 
on her __9__ as an author. 
    “I  had one lengthy phone call with the agent where we __10__ all possible areas she 
thought needed __11__.I worked on those and sent it back to her but didn’t hear anything.” It 
was not long __12__ Moira found another agent who was __13__ if she was willing to rewrite it 
from the first person to the third person. She did the hard work and sent it off again. “I got back a 
really brief letter:‘Thank you, I’m no longer interested.’ It was really __14__.”
    A decade went by, and Moira found herself eager to write again, this time __15__ for her 
own enjoyment.  She __16__ herself the challenge of creating a thriller and chose Western 
Australia as her setting.
    As she was writing just for herself, something surprising began to happen. “The characters 
__17__ a life of their own; they started doing things I hadn’t thought about. It just __18__ out.” 
One day, an agent called from Australia. Three weeks later, Moira had a publication deal. Her 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

novel, Cicada, was published in March.
    “__19__ it hadn’t been published I still gained so much from the __20__,” says Moira.

    【解题导语】 本文通过           Moira 爱好写作并坚持写作的故事告诉我们:每个人都要为

实现自己的梦想而去努力尝试,只有经历过才能够有所得,在追求的过程中不要过于担心

结果,只有这样才能成功。

    1.A.learnt                             B.avoided
    C.considered                           D.enjoyed
    D 解析:根据首句“From           childhood,Moira loved to write.”可知,从童年开始,
Moira 就爱好写作;由此推断,在上学期间,她仍然喜欢(enjoyed)写作。
    2.A.actively                           B.professionally
    C.energetically                        D.permanently
    B 解析:根据生活常识及该句中的关键词“never                  a possibility”可知,把写作当作职业
来追求几乎是不可能的。actively“积极地”;professionally“作为职业地”;
energetically“精力充沛地”;permanently“永久地”。
    3.A.influential                        B.explicit
    C.terrible                             D.safe
    D 解析:根据空处前一句“Her            father was a doctor,her mother a nurse.”可知,她的
父母会给予她医学方面很多的帮助,所以                  Moira 认为医学是一个十分安全的(safe)选择。
    4.A.dream                              B.purpose
    C.choice                               D.certainty
    D 解析:根据空后的“you’d          have high income”可知,Moira   也认为写作是一个不一
定能带来高收入的职业。certainty“确定的事”,符合语境,所以选项                        D 正确。
    5.A.promising                          B.discouraging
    C.demanding                            D.interesting
    C 解析:根据空后的“she          didn’t take up writing until her thirties”可知,医生是一个
要求很高的职业,因此她直到三十多岁才开始写作。promising“有希望的,有前途的”;
discouraging“使人泄气的”;demanding“苛刻的,要求高的”;interesting“有趣的”。
所以选项    C 正确。
    6.A.produced                           B.introduced
    C.bought                               D.received
    A 解析:根据语境可知,她以大学毕业后在中国的旅游经历为背景创作了一本小说。
produce“创作,生产,产生”;introduce“介绍”;buy“买”;receive“收到”。所以选
项  A 正确。
    7.A.rewards                            B.readers
    C.reviews                              D.praises
    C 解析:根据该段最后一句“Suddenly,it              seemed she was on  her________as an 
author.”可以判断,这部小说写出来后,她得到了极好的评论。reward“报酬”;
reader“读者”;review“评论”;praise“赞扬”。所以选项               C 正确。
    8.A.employ                             B.represent
    C.trust                                D.guide
    B 解析:根据语境可知,在众多的代理人中有一个人愿意代理出版这本小说。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

employ“雇用,使用”;represent“代表,代理”;trust“信任”;guide“指导”。所以
选项   B 正确。
    9.A.own                                B.feet
    C.way                                  D.business
    C 解析:根据语境可知,她似乎突然就要成为作家了。on                        one’s way“即将到达或发
生”,所以选项       C 正确。
    10.A.took off                          B.went through
    C.pulled down                          D.came over
    B 解析:根据语境可知,Moira           在电话中与代理人就小说中所有代理人认为需要润色
(polishing)的地方进行了仔细琢磨(went        through)。take off“脱下,起飞”;go      through“仔
细察看,仔细琢磨”;pull          down“拆毁,推翻”;come          over“过来,来访”。所以选项
B 正确。
    11.A.deleting                          B.adapting
    C.polishing                            D.covering
    C 解析:参见上题解析。delete“删除”;adapt“适应,改编”;polish“修改,润
色”;cover“覆盖,报道”。所以选项              C 正确。
    12.A.before                            B.after
    C.since                                D.when
    A 解析:根据上文中的“sent it back to her but didn’t hear anything”可知,Moira    重新
把小说发给代理人但是没有收到任何回复,不久之后                      Moira 找到了另外一个代理人。句型
It wasn’t long before...意思是“不久之后……”。所以选项         A 正确。
    13.A.fascinated                        B.interested
    C.anxious                              D.amused
    B 解析:根据下文中的“I’m no longer interested”可知,此处指这位代理人对她的书
感兴趣。fascinated“入迷的”;interested“感兴趣的”;anxious“焦急的,忧虑的”;
amused“逗笑的”。所以选项          B 正确。
    14.A.common                            B.absurd
    C.terrifying                           D.disappointing
    D 解析:从两位代理人的态度可知,Moira                这两次都以失败告终,所以这件事情肯定
令她感到失望。common“共同的”;absurd“荒谬的”;terrifying“令人恐惧的”;
disappointing“令人失望的”。所以选项          D 正确。
    15.A.purely                            B.wonderfully
    C.instantly                            D.sadly
    A 解析:根据该句中的“found          herself eager to write again...own enjoyment”可知,她
发现自己渴望再次写作,而这次写作仅仅(purely)是为了个人乐趣。purely“仅仅,纯粹地”
;wonderfully“非常好,非常”;instantly“立即”;sadly“悲伤地”。所以选项                    A 正确。

    16.A.set                               B.found
    C.made                                 D.permitted
    A 解析:根据语境可知,Moira           向自己提出(set)了一个挑战,写一部惊险小说。
find“发现”;make“进行,布置”;permit“允许,许可”。所以选项                       A 正确。
    17.A.put up                            B.took on
    C.went over                            D.got down
    B 解析:根据该句“The characters________a life of their own;they started doing things 
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I hadn’t thought about.”可知,小说中的人物开始具有(took on)他们自己的生活。put up“建
造,张贴”;take         on“开始具有(某种特征、面貌等)”;go                  over“仔细检查”;get 
down“下来,取下”。所以选项            B 正确。
    18.A.flew                              B.brought 
    C.broke                                D.carried
    A 解析:根据下文可知,Moira           的书得到了一位澳大利亚代理人的关注并顺利出版;
据此可以推断,这部小说成功了。所以选项                   A 正确。
    19.A.Ever since                        B.As if
    C.If only                              D.Even if
    D 解析:根据语境可推断出,即使(Even                if)这部小说没有出版,Moira       仍然在这个过
程(process)中得到许多。ever     since“自从”;as    if“好像,似乎”;if       only“要是……就好
了”;even if“即使,尽管”。所以选项             D 正确。
    20.A.adventure                         B.practice
    C.process                              D.result
    C 解析:参见上题解析。adventure“冒险”;practice“实践”;process“过程”;
result“结果”。所以选项       C 正确。
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