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2017届高考英语一轮复习学案:必修1+module+1《My+First+Day+at+Senior+High》(外研版)

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                                      必修    1

                          一、关于英语学习的发言稿
                                     Step Ⅰ
    千里之行,始于足下。A journey of one thousand miles begins with the first step!
 这里的佳句背诵是为了          Step Ⅲ的满分作文                句型和过渡词提炼与拓展
1.每天读书对年轻人有好处。
Reading every day is helpful to the young. 1.Doing sth.is helpful to ...做某事对……有好
2.我想和你交流一下对这部电影的看法。                     处。
I'd like to share my opinions with you about this 2.I'd like to share my opinions with ...我想
film.                                   和……交流一下。
3.首先,我认为一个人在国外多交朋友是                     3.I think it important to ...我认为……重要。
非常重要的。                                  4.You do as many ...as I do.你做了和我一样
First of all,I think it important to make more 多的……
friends abroad.                         5.the+比较级,the+比较级 越……,就
4.你去的国家和我去的一样多。                         越……
You have travelled to as many countries as I 表示列举的过渡词:
have.                                   first,second,third,...finally;
 .你做的题目越多,你的数学就越好。
5                                       firstly,secondly,thirdly,...finally;
The more exercises you do,the better your first of all ...then ...next ...finally ...
math will be.
          趁热打铁,佳句活用                               对照修改,再次背诵
1.掌握一门外语对我们的生活非常有帮助。
                                        1.Mastering a foreign language will be helpful 
______________________________________
                                        in our life.
__________________________________
                                        It is helpful to master a foreign language in our 
2.我想和你交流一下我对英语学习的观点。                    life.
                                        I think it helpful to master a foreign language in 
______________________________________  our life.
__________________________________      2.I'd like to share my opinions with you about 
3.首先,我认为多记单词非常重要。                       English learning.
______________________________________  3.First of all,I think it important to 
__________________________________
                                        remember more words.
4.我尽可能多记住有用的句型。
                                        Firstly,I think it is important to remember 
______________________________________
                                        more words.
__________________________________
                                        4.I remember as many useful sentence 
5.读得越多,我们的英语就会越好。
                                        patterns as I can.
______________________________________
                                        5.The more we read,the better our English 
__________________________________
                                        will be.
______________________________________
__________________________________
                                     Step Ⅱ
    不积小流,无以成江海。Step after step the ladder is ascended.
 这里的佳句背诵是为了          Step Ⅲ的满分作文                句型和过渡词提炼与拓展
1.因此,我花了大量的时间看体育比赛。                     1.sb.spends time doing sth.某人花费时间干
So I spend much time watching sports games. 某事
2.而且,好书对学生非常有用。                         2.sth.is of great value to sb.某物对某人非常
Besides,good books are of great value to 有用
students.                               3.Doing sth.not only does ...but also does ...做
3.游泳不但对身体有好处,而且能培养我                     某事不但……而且……
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们坚强的意志。                                 4.I am discouraged because sb.makes fun of 
Swimming not only benefits our health,but me.
also helps us have a strong will.       因为某人取笑我,我非常难受。
4.然而,同学们经常取笑我,这让我非常                     5.I would appreciate it if you ...
难受。                                     如果你……,我将非常感激。
However,I am discouraged because my     表示转折关系的过渡词:
classmates often make fun of me.        however,on the contrary,instead
5.如果您能尽快给我回信,我将不胜感激。

I would appreciate it if you write me back as 
soon as possible.
          趁热打铁,佳句活用                               对照修改,再次背诵
1.所以,课下我花了大量的时间阅读英文
报刊杂志。
______________________________________
                                        1.So I spend much time reading English 
__________________________________
                                        newspapers and magazines after class.
2.而且,电视和广播节目对我的听力也有
                                        Therefore,it takes me much time to read 
非常大的帮助。
                                        English newspapers and magazines after class.
______________________________________
                                        2.Besides,TV and radio programmes are of 
__________________________________
                                        great help for my listening.
3.学习英语不但能使我了解更多的外国文
                                        In addition,TV and radio programmes are very 
化,而且能帮助我和说英语的人进行交流。
                                        helpful for my listening.
______________________________________
                                        3.Learning English not only lets me know 
__________________________________
                                        more of foreign cultures,but also helps me to 
4.然而,我经常遗忘所学的词汇,这让我
                                        communicate with English­speaking people.
非常难受。
                                        4.However,sometimes I am/get discouraged 
______________________________________
                                        because I keep forgetting words I have learned.
__________________________________
                                        5.I would appreciate it if someone could give 
5.如果有人能给我一些建议,我将不胜感
                                        me some advice.
激。
______________________________________
__________________________________
                                     Step Ⅲ
    今天的成功可以复制。Today's success can be replicated.
     Ⅰ和      Ⅱ的背诵是为了考场写作的
 Step    Step                                    连句成文,体验成功
 成功开始
 复习  Step Ⅰ和  Step Ⅱ背诵的句子及过渡词,          Good morning,everyone,
 然后写下面的作文:                                  In today's world,mastering a foreign 
     假如你是李华,将于         7 月 26 日到北大      language will be helpful in our life.Here I'd 
 附中参加英语国际夏令营。请你根据以下                     like to share my opinions with you about 
 提示,写一篇关于英语学习的英文发言稿。                    English learning.
                                            First of all,I think it important to 
            1.多记有用句型;                   remember as many useful sentence patterns as 
     学习
            2.多阅读英文报刊;                  I can.As we all know,the more we read,the 
     方法                                 better our English will be.So I spend much 
            ……
                                        time reading English newspapers and 
            1.了解异国文化;
     学习                                 magazines after class.Besides,TV and radio 
            2.与外国人直接交流;
     所得                                 programmes are of great help for my listening.
            ……                              Learning English not only lets me know 
     学习     1.经常遗忘所学词汇;                 more of foreign cultures,but also helps me to 
     困难     ……                          communicate with English­speaking people.
 注意:                                        However,sometimes I get discouraged 
 1.可根据内容要点适当发挥,但不要逐条                    because I keep forgetting words I have 
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 翻译;                                    learned.I would appreciate it if someone could 
 2.词数:100    左右。                        give me some advice.

                                        资*源%库 ziyuanku.comThank you!
                Module 1 My First Day at Senior High


    1.____________ adj. 热心的→____________ n.  热情;热忱
    2.____________     vt.使惊异→____________      adj.    令人吃惊的;令人惊讶的
→____________ adj. 吃惊的;惊讶的
    3.____________  vt.使厌烦→____________   adj. 厌烦的;厌倦的→____________       adj. 
令人厌烦的;使人厌倦的
    4.____________   vt. 使尴尬;使窘迫→____________ adj.      尴尬的;难堪的;困窘的
→____________ adj. 令人尴尬的;令人难堪的
    5.____________ vt. 使印象深刻→____________ n.    印象
    6.____________ n. 鼓励;激励→____________ vt.    鼓励;激励
    7.____________ n. 享受;乐趣→____________ vt.    享受;从……获得乐趣
    8.____________ vt.理解;明白→____________ vt.误解→____________ n.     误解
    9.____________ vt. 使失望→____________    adj. 失望的→____________   adj. 令人失
望的
    10.____________ vi. 消失→____________ vi. 出现

    1.Professor Watson is leaving the ____________(学术的)world to take a job in industry.
    2.I'm an ____________(热心的)admirer of Super Dan,who won the London Olympic 
gold in badminton.
    3.Students should pay more attention to the reading ____________(理解)and writing in 
their English learning.
    4.The  stepmother's ____________(行为)towards Lily shows that she likes her very 
much.
    5.I  keep in touch with many of my ____________(以前的)classmates after leaving 
school.
    6.The plane ____________(消失)behind a cloud.
    7.He finally found a job in a department store and worked as a shop ____________(助手)
.
    8.Please don't feel ____________(难堪的)when someone corrects your mistakes.
    9.I'm trying to find a better learning ____________(方法)in order to improve my 
English.
    10.Chinese army has shown its ____________(态度)that Huangyan Island is part of 
China's territory.


 $来&源:ziyuanku.com1.____________ 和……相似
    2.____________对……态度;看法
    3.____________  一点也不像;根本不像
    4.____________  换句话说
    5.____________  期待;盼望
    6.____________  犯错误
    7.____________  被(划)分成……
    8.____________  参加

    1.I ____________ I will be bored in Ms Shen's class!
    我认为上沈老师的课我不会感到厌倦的!
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    句型提炼:当      think,believe,suppose,expect,guess,imagine  等词后跟宾语从句且
主语为第一人称时,否定通常出现在主句中,其后的宾语从句用肯定形式。
    2.In other words,there are ____________ many girls as boys.
    换句话说,女生人数是男生的三倍。
    句型提炼:在比较句型中,表示倍数、程度的状语要放在第一个                           as 或比较级之前。
    3.—I've just been to my first language class.
    我刚刚上完我的第一堂语言课。
    —Oh,really?____________.
    啊,真的吗?我也是。
    句型提炼:“so+be       动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”意为“……也如此”,承接前面
的肯定句,用倒装语序,表示前面的肯定情况也适用于另一者。


    1.method n.方法
    易混辨析    method,way  与 means
    三者都有“方法;方式;手段”的意思,但前面分别搭配不同的介词。
              method    with this method
               way         in this way    以这种方式;用这种方法
              means      by this means
    反馈  1(2012  山西晋中四校联考,16)I changed my ______ to learning English this term 
and did a good job in the final examination.
    A.approach
    B.means
    C.way
    D.method
    2.bored adj. 厌烦的;厌倦的
    bore vt.使厌倦;使乏味。接人作宾语。
    bored adj.感到厌倦的,感到乏味的。常用来表示人的感受,所以主语一般是指人的名
词或代词。
    boring adj.令人厌倦的;令人乏味的。描述的是物。
    ①The play bored us.这出戏剧令我们感到厌烦。
    ②To be honest,I got bored during the opening ceremony of the London Olympic Games.说
实话,伦敦奥运会开幕式时我感到很乏味。
    ③I felt bored this afternoon,for the lecture was boring.
    今天下午的讲座很乏味,我感到很无聊。
    用法拓展有些及物动词含有“使……;令……”的意思,它们的现在分词形式的形容
词一般表示“令人……的”,过去分词形式的形容词一般表示“感到……的”。这类动词,
常见的还有     surprise,interest,please,amaze,encourage,astonish,shock,satisfy,
move,disappoint,embarrass,puzzle,excite,worry 等。
    反馈  2.1Mr Smith,______ of the ______ speech,started to read a novel.
    A.tired;boring
    B.tiring;bored
    C.tired;bored
    D.tiring;boring
    反馈  2.2He is very popular among his students as he always tries to make them ______ in his 
lectures.
    A.interested
    B.interesting
    C.interest
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    D.to interest
    3.impress vt.使印象深刻
    impression n.印象;感想


 资*源%库 be impressed by/with 对……印象深刻;被……深深打动、感动
    impress sth.on one's memory 使……铭记在心
    impress sth.on sb.使意识到(重要性或严重性)
    make a...impression on sb.给某人留下……的印象
    impression of sth./doing sth./that...对……的印象、感觉、看法
    ①What impressed us most about the woman was her kindness.
    这位女士给我们印象最深的是她的和蔼可亲。
    ②All the students are deeply impressed with my special teaching.
    所有学生都对我特殊的教学方法有深刻的印象。
    ③My father impressed on me the value of hard work.
    我父亲让我认识到辛勤劳动的价值。
    ④Our first impression of the new teacher is that he is strict.
    我们对新老师的第一印象是他很严厉。
    反馈  3.1(2013 江苏兴化板桥中学月考,33)I            don't like people who try to ______ you 
with how much money they've got.
    A.impress     B.show
    C.press       D.strengthen
    反馈  3.2 The speech that Mr Smith made today gave a strong ______ on the students.
    A.expression     B.expectation
    C.reputation     D.impression
    反馈  3.3We were deeply impressed ______ the old man's words.
    A.to        B.in
    C.with      D.on
    4.cover  vt.包含;覆盖;布满;占地;走(一段路程);看完……书;负担费用;谈
到;涉及
    ①Her lectures covered the subject thoroughly.
    她的演讲对这个问题阐述得很透彻。
    ②Water covers nearly three quarters of the earth's surface.
    水大约覆盖了地球表面的四分之三。
    ③The mountain is covered with snow all the year round.
    这座山一年到头都被雪覆盖着。
    ④The city covers an area of ten square miles.
    该城面积为十平方英里。
    ⑤My car covered 100 miles in an hour.
    我的汽车一小时开了一百英里。
    ⑥How many pages have you covered today?
    你今天看了多少页书?
    ⑦Will 150 dollars cover the cost of a new bike?
    150 美元够不够买辆新自行车?
    ⑧The talks are expected to cover other topics.
    会谈估计还会涉及别的问题。
    反馈  4.1 When my grandpa was young,he had to ______ several miles a day to school 
since he had no money to take a bus.
    A.cover      B.take
    C.get       D.make
    反馈  4.2This book is said to be a special one,which ______ many events that cannot be 
found in other history books.
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    A.covers      B.writes
    C.prints       D.reads
    反馈  4.3(2013 河北迁西一中期中,29)For           some people living in big cities,one 
thousand dollars a month is not a big fortune but will be enough to ______ their living expenses.
    A.charge     B.pay
    C.spend       D.cover
    5.divide vt. 划分;分配;分享
    divide...into...把……分成……
    be divided into...被分成……
    divide(up)...between/among...把……分给……
    divide sth.by sth.某数除以某数
    ①Let's divide our class into 7 groups.咱们把我们班分成 7 个小组。
    ②The world is divided into seven continents.世界分为七大洲。
    ③The money is to be divided up equally among the six grandchildren.
    这笔钱将平分给六个孙子、孙女。
    ④100 divided by 5 is 20.100 除以 5 得 20。
    易混辨析    divide 与 separate
                                            He divided the cake among the 
            表示   “分;分开”,指把整体分成
    divide                                  children.
            若干部分,常和          连用。
                          into              他把这个蛋糕分给孩子们。
            意为“隔开”,指把原来连在一起                 Asia and Africa are separated from 
   separate 或靠近的分割开来,使之有一段距                 each other by the Suez Canal.
            离,常和    from 连用。                苏伊士运河把亚洲和非洲分隔开。
    反馈  5.1He divided the sweets ______ the children who were divided ______ three groups.
    A.in;in
    B.into;into
    C.between;in
    D.among;into
    反馈  5.2Taiwan is ______ the mainland by the Taiwan Strait.
    A.divided into
    B.separated from
    C.divided from
    D.separated into
    反馈  5.3America and England are two countries ______ by a common language.
    A.divide       B.divided
    C.dividing     D.to be divided
    6.(be)similar to...和……差不多;与……相似
    ①Mary's hat is similar to Jane's.玛丽的帽子和简的差不多。
    ②As laptops become more powerful,they become more similar to desktop computers.
    便携式电脑功能越来越强大,越来越像台式电脑。
    用法拓展(be)the same as    与……相同;与……一样
    ①She kept the same appearance as 5 years ago.
    同 5 年前一样,她的模样没有变化。
    ②Pop music doesn't have the same rhythm as classical music.
    流行音乐和古典音乐节奏不同。
    反馈  6.1Boys wear fashionable clothes to attract girls.In a ______ way,some birds have 
bright feathers.
    A.common       B.ordinary
    C.similar       D.same
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    反馈  6.2 I won't make a ______ mistake next time.
    A.like      B.same
    C.such      D.similar


 资*源%库 7.attitude to/towards 对……的态度
    ①He has a positive attitude to life.
    他对生活有积极的态度。
    ②What is your attitude towards a single­parent family?
    你对单亲家庭看法如何?
    温馨提示    attitude to 中的 to 为介词,后接名词、代词或动名词。不要误认为是不定式
符号。
    反馈  7(2013  福建四地六校月考,33)He          wrote a series of articles,______ to change 
people's attitude ______ the disabled.
    A.hoped;over       B.hoped;about
    C.to hope;with     D.hoping;towards
    8.nothing like 丝毫不像;完全不是
    ①It looks nothing like a horse.
    这完全看不出像马。
    ②This is nothing like what I want.
    这完全不是我想要的。
    用法拓展(1)something like    有点像;大约
    ①The building looked something like a church.
    这栋建筑物看起来有点像教堂。
    ②We  have not got the exact figures at the moment,but something like 1100 pounds per 
person.
    眼下我们还没算出确切的数目。不过,大概每人                    1100 英镑。
    (2)anything like 通常用于否定、疑问、条件句中,意为“有些像”。
    ①She had never desired to do anything like it.
    她从未想过去做像这样的事。
    ②—Is badminton anything like tennis?
    羽毛球有些像网球吗?
    —No,as different as chalk from cheese.不,根本不同。
    反馈  8.1Swimming is my favorite sport.There is ______ like swimming as a means of 
keeping fit.
    A.something      B.anything
    C.nothing        D.everything
    反馈  8.2—How many employees are there in the company?
    —We have ______ 500 people working there.
    A.near              B.more
    C.something like     D.or so
    反馈  8.3—Don't you think the movie is worth seeing?
    —Worth seeing?I don't think there is ______ the one we saw last week.
    A.nothing as      B.anything like
    C.nothing like     D.something as
    9.in other words 换句话说;换言之;也就是说
    in other words 一般用作插入语,对前面所说的话作出进一步解释。同义的说法还有
that is/that is to say。
    ①The boss asked him to leave — in other words,he was fired.
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    老板请他走人,也就是说,他被解雇了。
    ②His wife is my daughter;in other words,I am his mother­in­law.
    他妻子是我女儿,换句话说,我是他岳母。
    ③He  was found innocent in the court;that is to say,the court could not convict him 
legally.
    他被法庭判为无罪,那就是说,法庭依法律不能定他的罪。
    用法拓展    have a word with sb.=have a talk with sb.与某人谈话
    have words with sb.=quarrel with sb.与某人争吵
    in a word 总之
    keep one's word 遵守诺言
    break one's word 违背诺言
    反馈  9.1(2013 浙江台州中学一模,24)We're           all ready to put it into operation;
______,we're going to take action as soon as possible.
    A.on the whole     B.in general
    C.all in all         D.in other words
    反馈  9.2(2012 山东师大附中最后模拟,24)John found it a challenge to meet the needs 
of the boss.______,he had no way to satisfy him.
    A.In need
    B.In case
    C.In no time
    D.In other words
    10.look forward to 盼望;期待
    look forward to 中的 to 为介词,后接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,不要误认为是动词
不定式符号。
    ①The children are looking forward to the Spring Festival.
    孩子们盼望着过春节。
    ②We are looking forward to going to China.
    我们期待着去中国。
    用法拓展其他含有介词          to 的固定短语还有:
    be/get used to...习惯于……          pay attention to...注意……
    refer to...涉及;指的是;参考;查阅         devote...to...把……贡献给……
    get down to...开始、着手做……
    make a contribution to 对……作出贡献
    stick to 坚持                       turn to 转向;求助于
    lead to 导致;带来;引起                 point to 指向
    see to 办理;照管;料理                 object to 反对
    prefer...to...喜欢……胜过喜欢……
    易混辨析    expect,wait 与 look forward to 
    expect 后接名词、代词、不定式或从句,强调心理上的“期待”,多用于好的事情,
也用于不好的事情;wait         强调时间上的“等待”;look           forward to 后接名词或动名词,指
“以特别愉快的心情期待着”,一般用于好的事情。
    ①You can't expect to learn a foreign language in a week.

 WWW.ziyuanku.com 你不要指望一个星期就学会一门外语。
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    ②We waited half an hour for the bus.我们等公共汽车等了半小时。
    ③I'm looking forward to seeing him.我期待着见到他。
    反馈  10.1We are looking forward to ______ another chance ______ it again.
    A.be given;to try     B.give;to try
    C.giving;trying      D.having;to try


 WWW.ziyuanku.com 反馈 10.2We waited and waited,and the exciting moment we were looking forward to ______ 
at last.
    A.come         B.came
    C.coming       D.had come
    反馈  10.3(2013 四川成都七中期中,3)—Shall we climb up the hill so as to get a good 
view of the whole scenery?
    —Not necessary.You just look forward ______ it.
    A.to seeing     B.to see
    C.to saw       D.to seen
    反馈  10.4(2012 江苏泰州中学调研,32)The          worse working conditions we are looking 
forward to ______ must have attracted the local government's attention.
    A.see improved
    B.seeing improved
    C.see improving
    D.seeing to improve
    11.We're using a new textbook and Ms Shen's method of teaching is nothing like that of the 
teachers at my Junior High school.我们使用新的教科书,沈老师的教学方法与我初中老师的
教学方法完全不同。
    该句中   that 指代“the method of teaching”,以避免重复。
    The population of China is larger than that of Japan.
    中国的人口比日本多。
    易混辨析     that,those,one,ones 与 it
                                         The classroom of Class 1 is bigger than that 
                                                  一班的教室比二班的要大。
      主要用于有后置定语的情况。可以代替                  of Class 2.
                                         In winter the weather in Beijing is much 
 that 可数名词单数或不可数名词,但不可替
                                         colder than that in Guangzhou.
      代人。不能用冠词或形容词修饰。                    在冬季,北京的天气比广州的天气要冷多
                                         了。
                                         Our computers are as good as those made in 
      是  that 的复数形式,指“那些”,表示
those                                    America.
      特指,代指提到的或已知的复数名词。
                                         我们生产的电脑和美国生产的一样好。
      只能代替可数名词单数,不能代替不可
                                         My watch is broken,and I'm going to buy a 
      数名词。one    代替的是同类中的一个人
 one                                     new one.
      或物,可用冠词或形容词修饰,表示特
                                         我的手表坏了,我打算去买块新的。
      指时一般其前加定冠词          the。
      是  one 的复数形式,用来代替可数名词              Students who do well in examinations are the 
ones  复数。ones   也是类指,可以用冠词或              ones who ask questions in class.考试成绩好
      形容词来修饰。                            的是那些上课爱提问题的学生。
                                         Where is my pen?Have you seen it?
      用来代替上文提到的同一事物,还可指                  我的钢笔在哪里?你们见过吗?

                                         ziyuanku.comHer baby is due next month.She hopes it 
  it  代婴儿或性别不详者,不能用冠词或形
                                         will be a girl.
      容词修饰。
                                         她怀的孩子下个月出生,她希望是个女孩。
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    反馈  11.1(2012 四川南充高中月考,7)Lin          Shuhao has followed a markedly different 
path to ______ of the giant Yao Ming,who was the overall first draft pick in 2002.
    A.which      B.that
    C.it         D.one
    反馈  11.2Equipped with modern facilities,today's libraries differ greatly from ______.
    A.those of the past
    B.the past
    C.which of the past
    D.ones of the past
    反馈  11.3 I prefer a flat in Inverness to ______ in Perth,because I want to live near my 
mom's.
    A.one      B.that
    C.it       D.this
    反馈  11.4Being a parent is not always easy,and being the parent of a child with special 
needs often carries with ______ extra stress.
    A.it       B.them
    C.one      D.him
    反馈  11.5One of the most important questions the government has to consider is ______ of 
the medical care of farmers.
    A.it       B.that
    C.one      D.this
    12.I_don't_think I will be bored in Ms Shen's class!
    我认为上沈老师的课我不会感到厌倦的!
    英语中的有些动词,如          think,believe,suppose,expect,guess,imagine 等,当它们
后面接一个具有否定意义的宾语从句时,通常将这些动词变成否定形式,而宾语从句中的
谓语动词用肯定形式,这叫做否定转移。否定转移的句子中主句的主语一般是第一人称
we 和 I。
    ①We don't think she has lost the necklace.
    我们认为她没丢项链。
    ②I don't think that they will be back tonight.
    我想他们今晚是不会回来了。
    用法拓展(1)否定转移的句子在使用反意疑问句时,简短问句部分应根据从句反问,
用肯定形式。
    (2)若   think 等动词的主语为第二、三人称时,反意疑问句部分应根据主句反问。主
句是否定句,反意疑问句部分用肯定形式;主句是肯定句,反意疑问句部分用否定形式。
    ①I don't think he will attend the meeting,will he?
    我认为他不会参加会议,是吗?
    ②She doesn't think I can pass the exam,does she?
    她不认为我能通过考试,是吗?
    反馈  12.1—What do you think of your performance now?
    —Great!______ so successful.
    A.I thought it wouldn't be
    B.I didn't think it would be
    C.I think it will not be
    D.I don't think it will be
    反馈  12.2You don't think he is an interesting person,______?
    A.do you      B.don't you
    C.is he       D.isn't he
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    反馈  12.3—I don't suppose he could have done well in the exam last week,______ he?
    —______,he almost failed to pass the exam.
    A.had;Yes        B.has;No
    C.could;No       D.did;No
    13.In other words,there are three_times_as_many_girls_as boys.
    换句话说,女生人数是男生的三倍。
    as...as...意为“和……一样”,是同等程度的比较。在比较句型中,表示倍数、程度的
状语要放在第一个        as 或比较级之前。带有倍数的常用比较句式有:
    (1)A is three(four,etc.)times the size(height,length,width,etc.)of B.
    (2)A is three(four,etc.)times as big(high,long,wide,etc.)as B.
    (3)A is three(four,etc.)times bigger(higher,longer,wider,etc.)than B.
    (4)The size(height,length,width,etc.)of A is three(four,etc.)times of B.
    This room is three times the size of that one.
    This room is three times as large as that one.
    This room is three times larger than that one.
    The size of this room is three times of that one.
    这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。
    温馨提示注意:两倍时用           twice/double 表示,三倍或三倍以上则用“基数词+
times”来表示。
    反馈  13.1At a rough estimate(估计),Nigeria is ______ Great Britain.
    A.three times the size as
    B.the size three times of
    C.three times the size of
    D.three times as the size of
    反馈  13.2(2013 河北衡水中学三模,33)Statistics       show that for every mile they drive 
men have ______ as women do.
    A.serious accidents as twice many
    B.twice as many serious accidents
    C.twice serious accidents as many
    D.serious accidents as many twice
    14.—I've just been to my first language class.
    我刚刚上完我的第一堂语言课。
    —Oh,really?So_have_I.啊,真的吗?我也是。
    “so+be  动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”意为“……也如此”,承接前面的肯定句,
用倒装语序,表示前面的肯定情况也适用于另一者。
    ①Tom studies hard,and so does Mary.
    汤姆学习很刻苦,玛丽也是如此。
    ②If my wife goes to the party,so will I.
    如果我妻子去参加聚会,那我也去。
    用法拓展(1)“so+主语+be          动词/助动词/情态动词”表示对前述情况的认同和强调,
意为“的确;确实;真的”,句子不倒装。
    (2)“neither/nor+be  动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”意为“……也不”,承接前面
的否定句,用倒装语序,表示前面的否定情况也适用于另一者。
    (3)当前面的句子既有肯定又有否定,或有两部分谓语动词不一致时,使用                                nor  或
so 引起句子都不妥,这时可用下列常用句型:so it is/was with...或             it is/was the same with...,
表示“……也如此”。 
    ①Tom speaks English well,and so he does.
    汤姆英语讲得很好,是的,的确如此。
    ②—It will be fine tomorrow.明天天气会很好。
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    —So it will.肯定很好。 
    ③My friend can't speak French.Neither/Nor can I.
    我朋友不会说法语,我也不会。
    ④John likes fish but he doesn't like pork,so it is with Mary.
    约翰喜欢吃鱼肉,但不喜欢吃猪肉,玛丽也是如此。
    ⑤John was born in the countryside but he grew up in Beijing,and it was the same with 
Mary.
    约翰出生在农村,但在北京长大,玛丽也是一样。
    反馈  14.1—It's burning hot today,isn't it?
    —Yes.______ yesterday.
    A.So was it     B.So it was
    C.So it is       D.So is it
    反馈  14.2If you go to attend the party,______.
    A.so do I     B.so will I
    C.so I do     D.so I will
    反馈  14.3 —I reminded(提醒)you not to forget the appointment.
    —______.
    A.So you did     B.So I do not
    C.So did you     D.So do I
    反馈  14.4 Bill wasn't happy about the delay of the report by Jason,and ______.
    A.I was neither
    B.neither was I
    C.I was either
    D.either was I 
    反馈  14.5 He is a good cook at home and takes good care of the children,and ______ his 
wife.
    A.so does       B.so is
    C.so is with     D.so it is with
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                                 参考答案
    基础梳理整合
    词汇拓展
    1.enthusiastic;enthusiasm 2.amaze;amazing;amazed 3.bore;bored;boring 
4.embarrass;embarrassed;embarrassing 5.impress;impression 6.encouragement;
encourage 7.enjoyment;enjoy 8.understand;misunderstand;misunderstanding 
9.disappoint;disappointed; disappointing 10.disappear;appear
    语境记词
    1.academic 2.enthusiastic 3.comprehension 4.behaviour 5.previous 
6.disappeared 7.assistant 8.embarrassed 9.method 10.attitude
    短语回顾
    1.be similar to 2.attitude to 3.nothing like 4.in other words 5.look forward to 
6.make mistakes 7.be divided into 8.take part in
    典句分析
    1.don't think 2.three times as 3.So have I
    考点归纳拓展
    1 A 四个选项都有“方式;手段”的意思,但它们搭配的介词不同。approach                         与 to 连用;
means 和 method 后面搭配介词      of;way 后面搭配介词      of 或接不定式结构。
    2.1      A tired 表示“感到厌倦的”;tiring     表示“令人疲劳的”;bored“感到厌倦的”;
boring“使人厌倦的”。根据句意应选           A 项。
    2.2 A them 指代学生,是指学生感兴趣,所以应用过去分词形式的形容词作补语,表
示“对……感兴趣”。
    【思路拓展】区分两种分词形式的形容词时,现在分词形式的一般表示“令人……”,
过去分词形式的一般表示“自身感到……”。
    3.1 A impress 意为“使印象深刻”;show        意为“给……看;显示”;press         意为“按;压”
;strengthen 意为“增强”。根据句意判断应选           A 项,impress    sb.with  sth.意为“给某人留
下……印象”。
    3.2 D expression 意为“表示;表达”;expectation      意为“期待;期望”;reputation     意为
“名声;声誉”;impression     意为“印象”,give      a...impression on sb.意为“给某人留下一
个……印象”。句意:史密斯先生今天所作的报告给学生们留下了很深的印象。
    3.3 C be impressed with/by 意为“对……印象深刻;被……深深打动”。
    4.1 A cover 可表示“走……远的路程”。
    4.2 A 根据句意该题应选        covers,表示“包括;谈到”。
    4.3 D charge 意为“索价;收费”;pay        意为“付钱”;spend    意为“花费”;cover    意为“够
付(费用)”。根据句意判断应选              D 项,表示“足够支付生活费用”。
    5.1 D 第一个空应用       among 表示“在孩子们中间(分糖果)”;第二个空应用                   into 表示
“被分成(三个小组)”。
    【思路拓展】divide...into...表示把一个整体分成若干份;divide...between...表示把一个
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整体在两者之间分开;divide...among...表示把一个整体在多者之间分开。
    5.2 B 该句应用     be separated from 表示“台湾由台湾海峡与大陆分开”,而             be divided 
into 表示“被分成”。
    5.3  B divide 意为“划分;分开”,countries     与  divide 是被动关系,可排除       A、C  项;
D 项表示将来不合句意。
    6.1 C A、B  项不符合句意;same       前应用    the。答案为   C 项,表示“以类似的方式”。
    6.2    D like 为形容词,意为“相似的”,不可作定语;same                前通常要用定冠词        the;
such 应置于冠词之前,即        such a  mistake;similar 为形容词,意为“类似的”,在该题中作
mistake 的定语,表示“类似的错误”。
    7.D 第一个空不能选择谓语形式              hoped,如果构成并列谓语,需加并列连词               and;
不定式作目的状语时,前面不能有逗号,可排除                    to hope;hope 与句子主语     he 为主谓关系,
所以可用现在分词形式作伴随状语。
    8.1 C There is nothing like...意为“没有什么能像……”。该句意为:游泳是我最爱的运
动。再没有比游泳更好的锻炼方式了。
    8.2  C something  like 可意为“大约”,此处表示“我们大约有             500 人在那里工作”。or 
so 也是“大约”之意,但应放在数词之后。
    8.3 B 该题应选    anything like,在此否定句中表示“根本不像上周我们看过的电影”。
    【思路拓展】区分        nothing like,something like 和 anything like 时,掌握三个短语的不
同含义是关键,然后结合句意和语境作出选择。另外需要注意                          anything like 一般用于否定、
疑问、条件句中。
    9.1 D on  the whole 意为“大体上;总的来说”;in         general 意为“一般而言;总的来说”
;all in all 意为“大体而言;总的来说”;in          other words 意为“换句话说;也就是说”。根据
“付诸行动”和“尽快采取行动”看出,后半句是对前半句的解释,所以选                           D 项。
    9.2 D in need 意为“在贫困中,在危难中”;in case        意为“以防(万一)”;in no time       意
为“立即”;in    other words 意为“换句话说”。句意:约翰发现满足老板的需求是一个很难的
事。换句话说,他根本无法满足他。
    10.1 D look forward to 后面应接动名词作宾语,可排除           A、B   项;第二个空应用不定
式作定语,修饰       chance,所以答案为      D 项。
    【思路拓展】对于含有          to 的固定短语,一定要明确          to 是介词还是不定式符号,要特
别识记含有介词       to 的固定短语。如果       to 是介词,后面需接名词、代词或动名词作宾语;
如果是不定式符号,则需接动词原形。
    10.2 B 在  and 后面的分句中,the      exciting moment 为主语,we   were looking forward 
to 为省略了引导词      which/that 的定语从句,to    的宾语是    which/that,所选的应该是句子的谓
语,所以用过去式        came。
    10.3 B 根据“看景色”的语境分析,此处不是表示“期望”的                   look forward to 结构,而是
look forward 表示“向前看”,然后用不定式形式作状语。
    10.4 B 该题   The worse working conditions 后面省略了 that / which 引导的定语从句,
定语从句中,we       are looking forward to 后面应接 seeing 作宾语,引导词     that / which 又是
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seeing 的宾语,因为     that / which(the worse working conditions)和 improve 是被动关系,所
以  seeing 后面接过去分词     improved 作补语,因此答案为        B 项。
    【特别提醒】做题时,分析句子结构很重要。命题人经常通过复杂的句子结构来增加
题目的难度,如果不能正确理解句子结构,只看到了空格处的局部内容或仅凭思维定式,
则很可能掉入命题人精心设计的陷阱。
    11.1 B 根据句意和空后的定语判断,该题应选                 that 代替 the path。
    11.2 A 该题把现在的图书馆与过去的(图书馆)相比,所以应选                         A 项,those 代替复
数名词   the libraries。
    11.3 A 根据句意判断,此处应表示泛指的               one,指代   a flat。
    11.4  A 句意为:当父母并非总是一件容易的事,当有特殊需求的孩子的父母,常常
会有额外的压力。it       特指   being the parent of a child with special needs 这件事。
    【思路拓展】that     用来替代前面出现过的特指的单数可数名词或者特指的不可数名词,
相当于“the   +  单数可数名词/不可数名词”,属于同名异物的替代,that                    后一般有限定成分,
其复数形式是      those;it 代替前面所指的同一东西,属于同名同物的替代,其复数形式是
them;one 只能替代可数名词单数,是泛指概念,相当于“a/an                    +  单数可数名词”,属于同
名异物的替代,其复数形式是             ones,the ones 表示特指,相当于      those。
    11.5  B 考查代词。句意:政府必须考虑的最重要的问题就是农民的医疗保险问题。
that 在此代指   the question。
    12.1  B 从时间关系来分析,该题表示以前认为表演不会这么成功,所以应用过去时
态,可排除     C、D   项;当   think 的主语是第一人称时,否定应出现在主句,所以答案为
B 项。
    12.2  A think/suppose/believe 后面接宾语从句时,如果主语是第一人称,后面的反意
疑问句应根据宾语从句构成;如果主语不是第一人称,则根据主句构成。
    12.3 D I don't suppose 后面的反问句应根据宾语从句构成,并且用肯定形式,但该题
宾语从句中     could have done 是对过去的推测,并且有具体的过去时间                last week,所以第一
个空应用一般过去时的          did 构成反问句;由      he almost failed to pass the exam 判断他没有考好,
所以第二个空用       No,表示“没有考好”。
    13.1 C 该题为“A    is three(four...etc.)times the size(height,length,width,depth,
etc.)of B”的比较句式。
    13.2 B as many serious accidents as 表示“一样多的严重事故”,倍数作状语时应放在第
一个   as 之前,所以答案为       B 项。
    14.1  A “so+be   动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”表示“……也是一样”。So                     was   it 
yesterday 表示昨天的天气与今天一样,都非常热。
    14.2  B 前后两部分句子涉及两者,所以应用倒装结构,表示“另一者也如此”,可排
除  C、D  项;前面的     if 从句为一般现在时代替将来时,所以答案为将来时的                     B 项。
    14.3 A 根据题意后一句是对前一句的肯定。So                you did 表示赞同前面的话,而         So did 
you 是倒装,表示“你也是”。
    14.4 B 前面的句子为否定句,所以应选              neither was I 表示“我也一样(不高兴)”。
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    14.5 D 根据句意判断此处应表示“他妻子也是一样(在家做饭很好,照顾孩子们很好)
”。由于前面一句是并列谓语,既有系动词                  is,又有实义动词      takes,所以  A、B  项均不合
适;C   项本身表达错误;正确答案为             D 项。


 
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