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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:必修3 4 Unit4

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    No human has set foot on the Moon since 1972. Now,after more than 
four decades of inactivity,interest in putting humans back on the Moon is 
finally heating up again. But who will get there first?
    CHINA
    On 14 December 2013,China  successfully landed its Jade Rabbit 
rover(探测车)on  the Moon. It is now working on its next exploration mission. Named Chang’e 
4,the  mission is scheduled to touch down in the Aitken Basin near the end of 2018. If 
successful,it will be the first landing on the Moon’s far side.
    RUSSIA
    Russia plans a manned Moon landing in 2030. It is currently working on a project whose idea 
is that the landers will explore the south pole of the Moon,exploring for resources such as 
minerals and water ice to be used to provide for a human outpost(前哨站).
    INDIA
    Following the success of its Chandrayaan­1 in 2008,India announced a follow­on mission. 
Chandrayaan­2 was meant to cooperate with Russia. But when the Russians failed to deliver the 
promised lander in 2013,India decided to go it alone. Chandrayaan­2 is about to be sent up in 
2018.
    U.S.A.
    In December 2018,NASA plans to send up the Exploration Mission 1,an uncrewed test of 
their Orion astronaut capsule in which the craft will circle around the Moon before returning to 
Earth. All being well,a crewed capsule will follow in 2023. Should the mission prove a 
success,the astronauts will be the first humans to see the far side of the Moon with their own 
eyes since Apollo 17 in 1972.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了中国、俄罗斯、印度和美国的登月计

划。

    1.What will China do in its next space mission?
    A.Improve its Jade Rabbit rover.
    B.Work with other countries.
    C.Land Chang’e 4 on the Moon.
    D.Explore the south pole of the Moon.
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段第三句可知,嫦娥四号将在                          2018 年底降落在月球
Aitken Basin 地区。据此可知,中国的下一步空间计划是嫦娥四号登月,故                        C 项正确。
    2.Why did India try to carry out its follow­on mission alone?
    A.It couldn’t find a partner.
    B.It didn’t get the lander as planned.
    C.The Russians refused to work with India.
    D.It planned to launch Chandrayaan­2 in advance.
    B 解析:细节理解题。根据第四段第三句可知,由于俄罗斯没能给印度提供着陆器,
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

因此印度决定自己实施登月计划,故                B 项正确。
    3.Which country is interested in resources on the Moon?
    A.Russia.                              B.China.
    C.India.                               D.U.S.A.
    A 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段第二句可知,当前俄罗斯正启动一项工程,其思
路是登陆器将探索月球的南极,寻找矿物质和水冰等资源以供人类前哨站使用。故                                   A 项正
确。
    4.What can we know from the text?
    A.Russia has built a human outpost on the Moon.
    B.China will be the first to see the far side of the Moon.
    C.U.S.A. will send a crewed capsule to the Moon in the future.
    D.Humans have kept active in exploring the Moon since 1972.
    C 解析:推理判断题。根据第五段第二句可知,如果一切顺利,美国将于                               2023 年发
送载人太空舱登月。据此可知,美国将在未来实施载人登月计划,故                             C 项正确。
                                        B
    For many people, being on the job might just sound like a picnic 
compared  to a day  at home  filled with housework, meals and 
childcare.Even for those with a happy family life, home can sometimes feel 
more taxing than work.
    In a  new  study, researchers at Penn State University found 
significantly and consistently lower levels of cortisol   (皮质醇) released in response to stress, in 
a majority of subjects when they were at work compared to when they were at home.This was true 
for both men and women, and parents and people without children.
    Both men and women showed less stress at work.But women were more likely to report 
feeling happier there.Men were more likely to feel happier at home.Experts say there are other 
reasons why work is less stressful than home for many.“Paid work is more valued in society,”
says Sarah Damaske, the lead researcher on the study.“Household work is boring and not 
particularly rewarding.”
    We get better at our job with time and the increased competence means less stress and more 
rewards.Yet none of us, no matter how long we’ve been doing it, ever truly feels like an expert 
at parenting or even at marriage.
    The   support and friendship of co­workers also offer stress relief.At home, meanwhile, 
stress spreads and accumulates quickly.“That’s the reason why most housewives wish they 
were the bread earners,” Dr.Damaske says.
    Much of  the advice to families and couples includes the warning to leave work stress at  
the office and even to change our mindset from work to home, for example, a walk around the 
block.The recent findings, though, suggest our home life, not our attitude, might be due for some 
change.

    【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了一项研究,                   该研究表明越来越多的人认为上班比在家

做家务、做饭和带孩子更轻松一些。

    5.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “taxing”?
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A.Stressful.                           B.Cheerful.
    C.Worthwhile.                          D.Rewarding.
    A 解析:词义猜测题。根据第一段第一句可知,                      很多人认为与在家做家务、做饭和
带孩子相比,       工作像野餐一样。言外之意,             上班比在家轻松,         在家比上班更有压力。故
选  A。
    6.What did the research in the second paragraph prove?
    A.Men felt better at home.
    B.Women felt they had less time.
    C.Women were easier to feel happier.
    D.Most people felt more stress at home.
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段内容可知,                     研究发现:比起在家里,大多数人在
工作的时候,       面对压力,      他们的皮质醇水平显著且连续地降低。                 这项研究证明大多数人
感觉在家更有压力。故选           D。
    7.What do most people think of work at the office?
    A.It is competitive.
    B.It improves ability.
    C.It can’t  relieve stress.
    D.It doesn’t always pay off.
    B 解析:细节理解题。根据第四段的第一句“We get better at our job with time and the 
increased competence...rewards.”可知, 随着时间的推移,      大多数的人在工作中能提高能力。
故选   B。
    Ⅱ 七选五
    (2018·杭州三校联考)It’s    easy to talk yourself out of exercising. Even when you have the 
best intentions to work out, excuses are so easy to find—“I’m too tired” or “I’m busy” or 
“The weather is bad”. Don’t worry! 1.________ 
    •Take baby steps. You would never try to run 10 miles on one day, right? When you do too 
much too soon, you’ll end up injured and discouraged. Take it easy as you get started. Maybe you 
only run a quarter of a mile during your first week. 2.________
    •Show the clock who is boss. Health experts say you should aim for at least 150 minutes of 
exercise a week, plus weight training at least twice a week. If you work too late to get to a gym, 
keep a set of weights at home. If you can’t do 30 minutes at once, break it up into 10­or 
15­minute sections.
    •3.________ Your workout should be just as much a habit as brushing your teeth or eating 
breakfast. When it’s part of your routine, you won’t even have to think about it. In a few months, 
fitness can be regular in your day.
    •Keep it real. You’re not going to shake off 30 pounds in a week. 4.________For example, 
increase your workout schedule from 2 to 3 days a week, or exercise for 15 more minutes each 
time.
    •Celebrate! 5.________Therefore, even a pound of weight loss or a pound of muscle gain is 
the reason to reward yourself. Go out with friends, or buy a new pair of jeans.
    A.Get used to it.
    B.Do it for yourself.
    C.It takes weeks to see real changes.
    D.Keep a fitness journal to record your progress.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    E.Aim for something that’s realistic as a first step.
    F.The following tricks can keep your fitness routine on track.
    G.When it becomes easy for you, you can make it more challenging.

    【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了能使自己坚持锻炼的几条建议。
    1.F 解析:根据空前的不去运动的借口以及下文的建议可知,空处在文中起到了承
上启下的过渡作用,所以选            F 项。
    2.G 解析:根据本段的主题句“Take              baby steps.”及上文的“Take  it easy as you get 
started. Maybe you only run a quarter of a mile during your first week.”可推知,你可以循序渐
进,逐步挑战更大强度的锻炼,所以选                 G 项。
    3.A 解析:根据空后的“Your workout should be just as much a habit as brushing your 
teeth or eating breakfast.”可推知,要养成锻炼的习惯,并自觉去做,所以选               A 项。
    4.E 解析:根据空前的“Keep            it real. You’re not going to shake off 30 pounds in a 
week.”可知,锻炼的目标要现实可行,所以选                 E 项。
    5.C 解析:根据空后的“Therefore,even a pound of weight loss or a pound of muscle 
gain is the reason to reward yourself.”可推知,锻炼的效果并不会立竿见影,只要有效就值
得庆贺,所以选       C 项。
    Ⅲ  应用文写作
    (2018·浙江湖州、衢州、丽水三市教学质量检测)假如你是李华,一个月前在某购物网
站订购了一套英文小说,昨天收到货,发现少了几本,并且书本纸张粗糙、有异味。请就
此事给该网站客服写一封投诉邮件。内容包括:
    1.投诉原因:少货、质量差;
    2.你的要求。
    注意:1.词数     80 左右;
    2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
    ________________________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________
One possible version:
To whom it may concern, 
    I am writing to complain about the English novels I ordered on your website. When I 
received the package yesterday, I found you didn’t send me a full set. Worse still, the rough 
paper and the terrible smell from the books make me sick.
    Thus, either refund or a new and full set is acceptable to me. I hope to get your reply as soon 
as possible.
                                                                    Sincerely,
                                                                        Li Hua
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