网校教育资源平台

人教版高中英语选修七课件:Unit 4 Sharing --Language points

评价文档:
文档评论: 0

高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
分享到:
0积分 下载
Language points for Reading I
Language points for Reading II
1.  It was wonderful to hear from you. 
  hear from sb. = receive a letter from sb. 
  收到某人的信
  I look forward to hearing from you.
   注意:hear from后面只能接表示人的名词或代
  词,不可接letter作为它的宾语。
   hear about 听说……的事
  Have you heard about the new anticancer drug?
   hear of 听说
  Who's he?--I've never heard of him. 他是谁?──我
  从没听说过他。
2. Well, it’s a bush school—the classroom are made from
 bamboo and the roofs from grass. 
 是的, 这是一所灌木丛学校---教室是由竹子建成的, 
 房顶是用草盖的。

 make的用法:
 1) be made from 由......制成 (看不出原材料)
   The paper is made from wood.
 2) be made of 由......制成(看出原材料)
   The house is made of stone.

           Remember them!
3) be made into                                                      
  某种原材料制制成某种成品
  Glasses is made into bottles.
4) be made in 在某地制造, in后面接表示地点的名词
  This TV set is made in Shanghai.
5) be made by 由谁制造
  The machine is made by workers in the factory.
6) be made up of 由......组成
  The class is made of 30 boys and 30 girls.
3.  I know you’re dying to hear all about my life here. 
  be dying to do / for sth. 渴望做某事;迫切想要
  She is dying to go abroad.
  I am dying for a glass of water.
   “渴望”的类似说法
   be thirty for sth.
   desire to do sth.
   have a strong desire for sth.
   long to do for sth.
4.  …have walked a long way, sometimes up to two 
   hours, to get to the school. 
   up to = as many as/ as much as
   He can earn up to $50,000 a year.
   up to 还可以表示
(1)up until 一直
   She lived at home right up to / until she got married.
(2)good enough for sth. 胜任
   I am not sure if she is really up to that job.
(3)由……负责
   It’s up to her to decide whether or not to go on the 
   course.
5.  I’m still trying to adapt to these conditions. 
   However, one thing is for sure, I’ve become more 
   imaginative in my teaching.

      try to do sth. 尽力去做某事
      try doing sth. 试着做某事

  英语中有些动词后加动名词和不定式作宾语时, 
  意义区别较大。
      forget to do sth.  忘记去做某事
      forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
remember to do sth. 记得去做某事
remember doing sth. 记得做过某事
mean to do sth. 打算做某事
mean doing sth. 意味着要做某事
stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事
stop doing sth. 停止做某事
go on to do sth.   继续做另一件事
go on doing sth.  继续做同一件事
can’ help to do sth.  不能帮着做某事
can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
adapt (oneself) to 适应,适合
We have had to adapt quickly to the new system.
When you go to a new country, you must adapt 
yourself to new manners and customs.
注意:adapt (oneself) to 的to是介词,后跟名
词或动词-ing形式。类似的词组有:

 be used to 习惯于          look forward to 盼望
 be related to 与……相关     pay attention to 注意
 lead to 导致/通向           give rise to 引起
 devote oneself to 献身于   be accustomed to 习惯于
 contribute to 为……作贡献    be addicted to 沉溺于
 access to 接近/进入(某地的)方法
imaginative adj.                                                
富有想象力的,爱想象的
an imaginative child/writer有想象力的孩子/富
有想象力的作家
imaginary adj. 想象中的,假想的
imaginable adj.  可想象的
imagine v.  设想
imagination n.  想象力
image n.  雕像,肖像
6.  The boys who had never come across anything like 
  this before ... 
  come across 偶然遇见/发现
  I came across some interesting books in the room.
  I came across an old friend I hadn’t seen for years.
  come about  发生
  This situation should never have come about.
  come along 进展
  How is your work come along?
7. Sometimes I wonder how relevant
  chemistry is to these students.

  relevant   (adj) → relevantly (adv)
  “有关的   ,有实际价值(重要性)的”
  反义词   :irrelevant 
  ★  be relevant to    “与……有关”
     = be connected with 
     have sth to do with 
  这种工作与性别无关        。
  The work of this kind  is not relevant to sex.
wonder 用法归纳
wonder wh-词 + to do 想知道……
wonder wh- / if + 从句 想知道……
I was wondering where to spend the weekend.
I wonder if you are free this afternoon.
It’s no wonder + (that) 从句 难怪,怪不得,
不足为奇
No wonder that he has passed the examination.
8.  To be honest, I doubt whether I’m making any 
  difference to these boys’ lives at all. 
  make a difference 有关系,有影响,起(重要)
  作用
  Dollars make no difference to him.
  I don’t think it will make any difference.
9. But last weekend another teacher, Jenny, and I 
  did visit a village which is the home of one of the 
  boys, Tombe.                                                                
  但是上周末, 另一位老师Jenny和我拜访了一个村
  子, 这个村子是其中一个男孩Tombe的家。
  did 强调肯定语气, do (does, did)用于强调谓语动
      词的语气时,要符合以下条件:
  (1) 句子是肯定句;                                                   
  (2) 谓语动词为一般现在时或一般过去时;                                                             
  (3) 谓语动词是单独的行为动词或单独的连系动
      词(be除外)。
The little girl does want to see her mother.                                                            
这个女孩非常想见她的母亲。
I do like to eat apples.                                             
我的确喜欢吃苹果。
Do stay a while.   请待会儿。
10. Everyone seemed to be a relative of Tombe’s.                                                                            
  每个人都好像是Tombe的亲戚。
 seem 似乎,看来
1) 跟不定式
 I seemed to hear a voice in the distance.
 He seemed to be in a great hurry.

2) 跟形容词或分词
 He seems quite happy.
 Titanic seems ___D  an interesting film.   
  A . is     B. are     C. be     D. to be 
3) 后接(to sb.) that从句, 但主语是it。
   It seems to me that there is something strange 
   about the case. 在我看来这件案子有点奇怪。
   It seems that you are lying.                    
   看来你在撒谎吧。
11.Tombe’s father, Mukap, led us to his house, a low 
  bamboo hut with grass sticking out of the roof. 
  with的复合结构(with+ 宾语+ 宾补)
  1) with + n. + doing ( doing表示 with 后名词发生
    的动作, 此名词为动作的执行者)
    He lay there with his eyes looking at the sky. 

  2) with + n. + done (done 和with后面的宾语构成动
    宾关系, 此宾语是动作的承受者。
    The thief was brought in with his hands tied back.
3) with + n. + to do 动词不定式表示目的, 或将发
  生,未发生的事。
 With all these mouth to feed, he didn’t know 
  what to do.
 With five minutes to go before the last train left, 
  we arrived at the station.
4) with + n. + prep. phrase
  The teacher came in with some textbooks
  under her arm.
5) with + n. + adj
  When he is eating, he doesn’t speak with his 
  mouth full of food.
stick out 伸出, 突出
stick out for sth 坚持要求某事物
stick to sth 不放弃
(1) She _________________stuck out her foot  (伸出脚) and 
   tripped him over.
(2) 当车开动时不要把头伸出车窗外.
   Don’t stick your head out of the window 
   while it is running.
stick 的相关短语
stick out  突出,伸出
stick out for sth.  坚持要求某事物
stick to sth.  不放弃/改变某事物
stick at sth.  坚持不懈
stick with sb.  继续支持某人
stick up   向上突起,坚起
12.The hut was dark inside so it took time for our 
  eyes to adjust. 
  adjust vi. 适应
  He adjusted quickly to the heat of India.
  adjust vt. 调整
  He adjusted his tie before entering the hall.
  adjustable   adj.可调整的
  adjustment  n.调整
   adjust oneself to... 使自己适应于
 adapt &adjust  
 ※  adapt (oneself) to “适应,适合”
 You should adapt yourself to the new environment.    
  你应该适应新环境。
 adjust   “适应” “调整”、“调节”使之适应
 ※ adjust (oneself) to =adapt (oneself) to                 
“适应”
 He adjusted his tie before entering the hall.
注意
adapt (oneself)  to 的to是介词,后跟名词
或动词-ing形式。类似的词组有:
 be (get) used to          习惯于
 be related to              与……相关
 lead to                        带领,导致,通向
 devote oneself to      献身于
 contribute to             为……作贡献
 access to            接近/进入(某地的)方法
look forward to                  盼望
pay attention to                 注意
give rise to                        引起
be accustomed to            习惯于
be addicted to                  沉溺于
stick to           坚持
belong to                          属于
refer to          提到,涉及到,查阅
13. Fresh grass had been laid on the floor and there was 
   a newly made platform for Jenny and me to sleep on.                                                                               
   新鲜的草被铺在地面上,而且那儿有一个新搭的平台
   以便珍妮和我睡在上面。

  lay vt. (lay, laid, laid)
  1) 将某物/人置于某位置或某物表面
    lay the bottle on the desk
  2) 产卵
   The bird lays eggs in the other birds nets.    
lay—laid—laid—laying                                              
放置;产蛋,下蛋
lie—lied—lied—lying 说谎
lie—lay—lain—lying   躺;位于
与lay相关的短语:
lay eggs  产卵
lay sth. aside 把......放在一边
lay sth. down  放下;停止使用
lay sb. off   解雇某人
lay the table  摆放桌子
If only he ___C  quietly as the doctor instructed, he 
would not suffer so much now.                                                                               
A. lies                 B. lay                                                         
C. had lain          D. should lie
platform  n.台;讲台 ;平台,
It leaves from platform 10.
火车从10号站台发出。
He spoke to us from a platform in the
school hall. 
他站在学校礼堂的讲演台上给我们演讲。
be at home on the platform 
善于(或习惯于)演说
platform ticket 站台票
sniff 
vt.
1. 嗅,闻
He sniffed the green tea in the cup appreciably.
他欣然闻了闻杯里的绿茶香味。
2. 发觉[(+out)]
It's his job to sniff out abuses of power.
他的职责就是查究滥用权力的行为。
vi.
1. 嗅,闻[(+at)]
The dog sniffed at the stranger.
狗闻闻那个陌生人。
14. I love listening to the family softly talking to each 
  other in their language, even though I could not 
  participate in the conversation. 即使我不能参与交
  谈, 我还是喜欢听他们家人那种用自己的语言彼此
  轻柔地对话。

  even though/even if 尽管,即使
  引导让步状语从句,后常用虚拟式动词表示与事实相
  反的动作或行为。当让步状语从句的动词用虚拟表
  示与事实相反的假设时,通常用even though/ even if, 
  而不用though, although或as。
  You are not stupid. Even though/ Even if you 
were slow in study, you shouldn’t give up your 
studies.                        
  你并不愚笨, 即使你学得慢一点, 也          不应该放弃
学习。
participate
vi.
1. 参加,参与[(+in)]
No professionals participated in the contest.
没有职业选手参加这一比赛。
Everyone can participate in this game.
每个人都能参加这游戏。
2. 分享,分担[(+in/with)]
vt.
1. 分享,分担
15.  Tombe told me that the can  was heated to dry 
   out the leftover food. They believe that any 
   leftovers attract evil spirits in the night, so the 
   food is dried up in the can and the can is then 
   throw out of the hut.
   dry out (使)变干,干透
   Water the plant regularly, never letting the soil 
   dry out.
   dry up (河流,湖泊等)干枯,(使)完全变干
   During the drought the river dried up.
   The writer’s long separation from social dried up 
   his imagination.
otherwise
1. 用别的方法;不同样地
We'll get there somehow, by boat or otherwise.
我们总要设法去那里的,乘船也好,用其他办法也好。
2. 在其他方面;除此以外
The rent is a bit high, but otherwise the house is 
satisfactory.
这所房子租金贵了点,但在其他方面倒是令人满意的。
3. 否则,不然
I'm not feeling very well today -- otherwise I would do 
it myself.
今天我身体不太舒服,否则这事我就亲自去做了。
16. It was such a privilege to have spent a day with 
   Tombe’s family. 
   privilege 殊荣
   It was a privilege to make his acquaintance. 能认识
   他真是荣幸之至。
   privilege 还表示“特权”、“权利”
   Only members have the privilege to use the ground.
   the privilege of citizenship/ equality 公民权/平等权
17. It’s getting late and I have to prepare
   tomorrow’s lessons and do some paperwork.
   prepare sth.  准备某事
   prepare for sth.  为…做准备
   prepare sb. for sth.                                       
   使某人为某事做好准备
   get/be prepared to do                                        
   有能力且愿意做某事
   be prepared for sth. 为…做好准备
   make preparations for 为…做准备
   in preparation   准备中
辨析:prepare与prepare for
prepare 准备;谓语动作直接体现在宾语上。
prepare for 为......做准备,for的宾语一般只是谓
语动作要达到的目标。

The teacher is preparing lesson.                 
老师在备课。
The teacher is preparing for lesson.          
老师正在为上课做准备。
Exercises
Ⅰ. Match each of the following with a 
  proper  word of the Unit.
 1. to change slightly to make something 
  work better adjust
 2. a mental shelf for cooking meat, 
  toasting bread, etc grill
 3. connected with what is being done or 
  discussed relevant
4. opening to a room, building, etc
                    doorway

5. an honor privilege
6. how something is organized
   arrangement
Ⅱ. Fill in the blanks with words or 
   phrases learned in the Unit.
   Sharon looked at herself in the mirror and 
   sighed. Her hair was ___________sticking out  all over the 
   place. She smoothed it down with a wet comb. 
   She thought about the time when she had met 
   him three months before. He was the nicest 
   boy she had ever ____________.come across  
  He had rung her often.
but now she hadn’t  __________heard from  him for two 
weeks. Why not? She decided to find out. 
She walked down to the ________platform  to catch 
the train. She felt both excited and nervous. 
She was dying_______ to  see him again but what if 
he didn’t want to see her?
donate 
vt.
1. 捐献,捐赠[(+to)]
She donated her books to the library.
她把自己的书捐赠给图书馆。
n.
1. 捐献,捐赠[(+to/towards)]
Choose from this catalogue a really useful gift for 
some of the world’s poorest and bring hope for a 
better future to a community in need.
in need   在困难中,在危机中
We are collecting money for families in need. 
我们正在为有困难的家庭募捐。
There’s no need for sb. to do sth. 没必要做某事
There’s no need for you to come if you don’t want to.
如果你不想来,就不必来。
purchase   
1)  vt. 购买 采购; 努力取得
a. 他把两年前买的那幢房子卖了。
  He sold the house he had purchased two 
  years before.
b. 他们以牺牲名誉为代价换得了生命。
  They purchased life at the expense of honour.
2)  n. 购买 购得物
  如果你对所购之物不满意,我们将全额退款。
  If you are not satisfied with your purchase, 
  we’ll give you a full refund.
anniversary n.  周年纪念(日)

  1)结婚周年纪念日
    a wedding anniversary
  2)今天是我国独立六十周年纪念日。
    Today is the sixtieth anniversary of 
    our country’s independence.
Water supply for one person.
1) 用作名词时:
a) 指“供给;供应”等,其反义词为demand(需求)。
  supply and demand  供与求
  be in short supply 供应缺乏,供应不足
  food supply   食物供应
  water supply       供水
  a good supply of meat (fish, fruit)                 
  肉类(鱼,水果)大量供应
b) 当“供应品;生活用品;补给品”等,常用复数
  supplies。
  military supplies      军需品
  household supplies   家庭用品
  medical supplies       医用品
2) 用作动词时, 指“供给,提供,备办”等,常用
  于词组supply sb. with sth. 或supply sth. 
  to/for sb.。其同义词为provide, present, 
  give, furnish等。
  They supplied food to/for them.      
  他们供给他食物。
sew  vi. (用针线 ) 缝vt. 缝制; 缝合
Would you sew this button onto my shirt?
请你把这颗纽扣缝到我的衬衫上好吗?
  I'll just sew up that tear, and the coat will
  be as good as new.
 我把大衣破处缝好,就会完好如新了。
  sewing machine   缝纫机
ox 公牛,它的复数形式是oxen。
名词复数形式的特殊变化:
1) 单复数同形:sheep, fish, deer, cattle (牲口牛), staff 
   (全体职员), means (方法), crew(全体工作人员)
2) 一般情况下,以o结尾的名词,其复数形式是加s, 但
   tomato, potato, hero 和 Negro则在它们后面加-es,
   构成复数。
3) 以-f, -fe结尾的名词,有两种情况。一种是直接
  在这些名词后-s,如:roof-roofs (屋顶), chief-
  chiefs (首领), serf-serfs(农奴), belief-beliefs (信念), 
  proof-proofs (证据)。另一种是把-f, -fe改成-ves,
  如:knife-knives; wife-wives; life-lives。
4) 单复数形式变化特殊,如:datum-data(数据,资
  料), phenomenon-phenomena (现象), child-
  children, mouse-mice
A trunk library 一个箱式图书馆
 Trunk library, also called blue trunk Library has 
been developed by the library of the World Health 
Organization for installation in district health centers 
in Africa as a means of compensating for the lack of 
up-to-date medical and health information.

 The collection, which is organized according to 
major subjects, contains more than one hundred 
books on medicine and public health. 
Before you read the Internet page, glance quickly 
at it and answer these questions. 
在你阅读网页之前, 快速浏览并回答这些问题。
glance匆匆一看,匆匆一瞥,略略地看一眼,瞥视(与
at, over, through等连用)。
She glanced at the sleeping child and then hurried 
away. 
辨析: look, see, glance, glare, stare
look可用于进行时态,强调看的动作。后多跟介词at。
see常常与can、could 连用,不可用进行时态; 强调看的
结果。
glare 怒目而视, 瞪眼, 瞪视。强调敌意或畏惧, 
后常跟at搭配使用。
stare 凝视, 盯着看, 强调注意力集中的注视, 后
常跟at。
This gift covers the cost of production and 
distribution of seedlings, as well as training in tree 
care for the local villagers who are working hard to 
prevent their land from turning into desert. 这份礼
物包含了幼树苗的培育和销售费用,也包含了当地村
民参加护树培训的费用, 这些村民正努力工作以阻止
他们的田地沙漠化。
distribute 
vt.
1. 分发;分配[(+to/among)]
They had distributed the lands among the peasants.
他们把土地分给农民。
2. 散布,分布[(+over)]
This species of butterfly is widely distributed over our 
country.
这种蝴蝶在我国分布很广。
3. 分,分开[(+into)]
The teacher distributed the pupils into three groups.
老师把学生分成三组。
1) as well as 可连接并列的单词或短语。
  It is unpleasant in summer as well as in winter. 
2) as well as 连接两个谓语动词时,它们的时态应
  保持一致。

  与动词连用时, 其后可用V-ing形式,尤其as well 
  as 位于句首时, 此时相当于in addition to。
  She sings as well as playing the piano. 
  她不但会弹钢琴, 而且会唱歌。
3) 如果as well as 前面是动词不定式,那么其后的动
  词也是不定式,但to要省略。
  You cannot expect her to do the homework as 
  well as look after the baby. 
4) 由as well as 连接的复合主语并不影     响谓语
  动词的数。
  Helen as well as I is eager to see the 
  performance. 
5) as well as 连接的人称代词既可以是主格也可
  以是宾格,但句意不同。
They have invited you as well as me. 
他们邀请了我,也邀请了你。
(you和me都作invited的宾语)
They have invited you as well as I.   
他们和我一样都邀请了你。
(they和 I 都作invited的主语)
6) as well as 用于肯定结构和否定结构中,其意义不同。
  as well as 和not搭配使用, as well as 位于not前时,两者
  均否定;位于not后时,否定前者,肯定后者。
  Mr. Li, as well as his brother, has gone abroad.                                                          
  李先生和他兄弟一样都出国了。
  Mr. Li hasn’t gone abroad as well as his brother. 
  李先生并没有和他兄弟一样出国去。(他兄弟一人出国)
  Mr. Li, as well as his brother, hasn’t gone abroad.                                                     
  李先生和他兄弟都没有出国。
7) as well as 在意义上通常强调前者,而not 
  only …but also在意义上则强调后者。
  He’s got a car as well as a house.                        
  他不但有一房子,而且有一辆小汽车。
operate  
vi.
1. 作出,工作;运作;运转
The machine is not operating properly.
机器运转得不正常。
2. 动手术,开刀[(+on/for)]
The surgeon operated on her for a tumor.
医生为她的肿瘤开刀。
vt.
1. 操作;开动(机器)等
Who operates that machine?
那台机器由谁操作?
2. 对...施行手术;对...开刀
He'll have to be operated for his tumors.
他的肿瘤得开刀。
0积分下载