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人教版新课标 英语 2019年高考第一轮复习 教案——it的用法

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【本讲教育信息】
一、教学内容
    it 的用法

二、本周知识精讲
(一)强调句型
  1、基本结构:It is/was +被强调的部分+that+句子的其余部分
    The girl sent me a message after she passed the driving test.
       ①             ②                ③
    ①
    ②
    ③

【高考真题】
    1) It was after he got what he had desired ____ he realized it was not so important.
    A. that         B. when        C. since        D. as
    2) It is what you do rather than what you say __matters.
    A. that         B. what        C. which        D. this
    3) It wasn’t until nearly a month later ____ I received the manager’s reply.
    A. since        B. when        C. as           D. that
  2、强调句型的一般疑问句 
    Was _____ that I saw last night at the concert?  
    A. it you       B. you         C. not you      D. that you
  3、强调句型的特殊疑问句 
    1)What do you want me to do?  
    —It is what that you want me to do.
    —What is it that you want me to do?
    2)Why does everybody think I am narrow-minded? 
    3)How did you forget to lock the door?   
    4)What ____ Joe can’t find in the bathroom?
    A. it is        B. it is that    C. is it that    D. is that
    5)—_____ that he managed to get the information?
    —Oh, a friend of his helped him.
    A. Where was it  B. What was it  C. How was it   D. Why was it 
  4、强调句型的主谓一致 
    It is I who\that ______ to blame. 
  5、强调句型的变形: 
    It seemed to be + 被强调部分  + that + 其它成分
    It might be + 被强调部分   + that + 其它成分
    It must have been + 被强调部分  +that + 其它成分
    It seemed to be at noon that he got back.
    It must have been his brother that you saw.
    It might be his father that he is thankful for. 
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  6、强调句型与名词性从句结合
    1)I’ve already forgotten _____ you put the dictionary.
    A. that it was there           B. where was it that
    C. that where it was           D. where it was that
    2) I just wonder ____ that makes him so excited.
    A. why it does   B. what he does  C. how it is   D. what it is
  7、强调句型与定语从句结合
    1) It was in the village ____ he was born ____he spent his childhood.
    2) It was playing computer games _____ cost the boy plenty of time ____ he ought to have 
spent doing his lessons.
    3) It was on Friday ____you arrived ____ he left.
    4) It seemed to be in the hall _____ we danced together yesterday ____ I left the bag with a 
lot of important papers.
    5) Is it the years ____ you worked in the factory ____ have a great effect on your works?
    A. that, where  B. that, that   C. when, where  D. when, that
    6) —— Where did you see him this morning?
    —— It was in the hotel _____ he stayed.  A that   B. where
    7) —— Is the shortage of water the biggest problem of Chinese farmers? 
    —— No, it is the shortage of arable land ____ farmers grow crops.
【高考真题】
    1) —He was nearly killed by a car once.  
    —Oh, when was ____ exactly?   
    —It was in 2002 ____ he was riding a bike on the drive-way.
    A. this, that   B.  that, when  C. that, that   D. this, when  
    2) —Where did you get to know her? 
    —It was on the farm ____ we worked.
    A. that         B. there       C. which        D. where
  8、强调句型与       not until 结合
    I didn’t leave until it got dark. 
【高考真题】
    1) It was not until she got home ____ Jennifer realized she had lost her keys.
    A. when         B. that        C. where        D. before
    2) It _______ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks _____ I found we had a lot in 
common.
    A. was until, when             B. was until, that
    C. wasn’t until, when          D. wasn’t until, that

(二)It   作形式主语和宾语
一)主语从句 
  1. It + be + adj. +that\whether…+从句
    It is important that we (should) learn English well.
    It was not clear to me why he behaved like that.
  2. It + be + n. +that\ whether…+从句
    It’s a wonder that he is still alive.
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    It was a puzzle how life began.
  3. It + be + p.p +that\ whether…+从句
    It is reported that the enemy have crossed the border.
    It is not yet settled whether I am going to America.
  4. It +v. +that\ whether…+从句
    It happened that she wasn’t in that day.
    It never occurred to me that perhaps she was lying.
    It seemed that you are right.
    It struck me that we ought to make a new plan.
    It doesn’t matter much where we live.
    It makes no difference whether we go by train or by boat.
    It remained to be seen whether they will accept it.

二)形式主语
  1. It’s +adj./n.+(for sb.) +to do
    It’s very important for us to learn a foreign language well.
  2. It’s +adj. +of sb. +to do 
    It’s very kind of you to help me with the big box.
  3. It takes sb. +时间段+to do
  4. It’s no use arguing with him about it.
    It’s much good writing to him now.
    It’s a waste of time your talking to him.

三)形式宾语
    find/make/feel/think it +adj./n. +to do
【高考真题】
    1) _____ in the regulations that you should not tell other people that pass-word of your e-mail 
account.
    A. What is required            B. What requires  
    C. It is required              D. It requires
    2) The chairman thought ____ necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting.


    A. that         B. it          C. this         D. him[来源:学_科_网 Z_X_X_K]
    3) As the busiest woman in Norton, she made ____ her duty to look after all the other 
people’s affairs in that town.
    A. this         B. that        C. one          D. it
    4) He didn’t made ____ clear when and. where the meeting would be held.
    A. this         B. that        C. it           D. these

(三)It   的时间状语从句


  1. It + be + 时间点 + when +…[来源:学科网]
    It was September ____ we began our senior high school. 比较:
    It was in September_____ we began our senior high school.
    It was midnight _____ we got everything ready.  比较: 
    It was at midnight _____ we got everything ready.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  2. It + be + 时间段 + before +…
    It was not long before we met again.
    It will be two years before we meet again.
  3. It + be + 时间段 + since + …
    It has been years since we last met.
    It is three years since she went abroad.
    It is a year since he lived here.
【高考真题】
    1) It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life __________ we’ve actually had that lesson. 
    A. until        B. after       C. since        D. when
    2) ——How long do you think it will be _____ China sends a manned spaceship to the moon? 

    ——Perhaps two or three years.
    A. when         B. until       C. that         D. before
    3) It is almost five years __ we saw each other last time.
    A. before       B. since       C. after        D. when
    4) ——Did Jack come back early last night? ——Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock ____ he 
arrived home.
    A. before       B. when        C. that         D. until

(四)it   的其它用法
  1. 指上文提到的事物或情况
    He was through with sports, not because he had to be but because he wanted _____ that way.
    A. this         B. it          C. that         D. the one
  2. 笼统指,由现场情况知其为何物。
    I hate it when people talk with their mouths full.
    I like ____ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright.
    A. this         B. that        C. it           D. one
    I’d appreciate _____ if you would turn the radio down.
    A. that         B. it          C. this         D. you
    When it comes to tennis, you cannot beat him.
    I can’t help it. = It can’t be helped. 那件事我是没办法(帮忙)的。
  3. 置于动词、介词之后,作形式上的宾语。
    Go it!  
    Watch it! 
    Make it. 
    Manage it.
    Depend on it        e.g.  Depend on it, she will soon come.
    Got it.    
    That’s it.\ This is it.  e.g. We’ve been looking for a house for months and I think this is it.
    As it is/was         e.g. I like the house better as it is.   
    Take it easy.
    Call it a day 
高考聚焦:
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  1. -I’ve read another book this week.
    -Well, maybe _____ is not how much you read but what you read that counts.
    A. this         B. that        C. there        D. it


  2. It was _____ he came back from Africa _________ he met the girl he would like to marry.  [来


源:Zxxk.Com]
    A. when; then   B. not; until    C. not until; that  D. only; when  
  3. It is often         that human beings are naturally equipped to speak.
    A. said         B. to say      C. saying       D. being said
  4. It was in New Zealand ___ Elizabeth first met Mr. Smith.
    A. that         B. how         C. which        D. when
  5. It was along the Mississippi River _______ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood.
    A. how          B. which       C. that         D. where
  6. It was not until midnight      they reached the camp site.
    A. that         B. when        C. while        D. as 
  7. I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ____ Brian gets back. 
    A. before       B. since        C. till          D. after
  8. _____is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. 
    A. It            B. What         C. As           D. Which
  9. It _______ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks _____ I found we had a lot in 
common.
    A. was until, when             B. was until, that
    C. wasn’t until, when          D. wasn’t until, that
  10. It is not who is right but what is right ____ is of importance.
    A. which        B. it          C. that         D. this
  11. It’s none of your business ____ other people think about you. Believe yourself.
    A. how          B. what        C. which        D. when
  12. It has been proved ______eating vegetable s in childhood helps to protect you against 
serious illnesses in later life.
    A. if           B. because     C. when         D. that
    答案:DCAAC       AABD   CBD

【模拟试题】(答题时间:60                分钟)
一、辨音
  1. forbid     A. fork        B. forget       C. work        D. force  
  2. smooth     A. wooden      B. classroom    C. shoot       D. goods
  3. suggestion  A. revolution    B. mention    C. position      D. question
  4. limited    A. improved     B. stayed      C. nodded      D. explained
  5. meant      A. nearby       B. wealth      C. peaceful     D. clear 

二、单选
A 组
  1. —How about _______ Christmas e vening party?
    —I should say it was ________ success.  
    A. a; a         B. the; a      C. a; 不填        D. the; 不填
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  2. —Thank you for joining in our conversation tonight.
    —_________.  
    A. It’s my pleasure             B. It’s all right 
    C. It’s my duty                 D. It’s nice to say so
  3. _________ parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. 
    A. That         B. Which       C. What         D. As
  4. As a result of the serious earthquake, two-thirds of the buildings in the area_______.  
    A. need repairing B. needs to repair C. needs repairing D. need to repair
  5. ________, he managed to finish it in time. 
    A. The job was hard               B. Hard as was the job 
    C. Hard as the job was             D. Hard was the job
  6. The after-class discussion ________ whether they should go for an autumn outing. 
    A. depends on   B. centers on   C. keeps on    D. attends on
  7. He commanded that all copies of the book _________.
    A. be destroyed  B. should destroy C. were destroyed D. was destroyed
  8. The way he did it was different ________ we were used to. 
    A. in which     B. in what     C. from what    D. from which 
  9. John did not feel well yesterday; otherwise he _______to see his classmates off. 
    A. came                        B. would come  
    C. should be coming            D. would have come  
  10. There was a nice little gift for everyone, with a suitable poem _______ to it. 
    A. attached     B. to be attaching C. to attach     D. attaching
  11. ____ made the school proud was _____ more than 90% of the students had been admitted to 
key universities. 
  A. What; because   B. What; that    C. That; what    D. That; because
  12. It was not until midnight _______ he found _______ he thought was the best solution.
    A. that; what    B. that; that      C. when; what    D. when; that
  13. —Where is that report?
    —I brought it to you _______ you were in Mr Black’s office yesterday.  
    A. if           B. when        C. because      D. before
  14. The village has developed a lot ________ we learned farming two years ago.
    A. when         B. which       C. that         D. where
  15. The custom has been ________ from generation to generation.  
    A. passed away  B. passed down C. passed by     D. passed off
  16. Washington, a state in the United States, was named ___ one of the greatest American 
presidents, _________ him.
    A. after; in honour of              B. for; in favor of
    C. after; in praise of              D. for; in place of


  17. The mother didn’t know who _______ for the broken glass.[来源:学科网 ZXXK]
    A. blamed       B. to blame    C. should blame D. would blame
  18. The teacher was _______ when he heard the _______ news.
    A. annoying; annoying          B. annoying; annoyed   
    C. annoyed; annoyed             D. annoyed; annoying
  19. When spelling a long word, be careful not to ________ a single word.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A. leave out    B. leave for     C. leave off    D. leave alone
  20. —Must I turn off the gas after taking a bath?
    —Of course. You can never be _______ careful with that.
    A. enough       B. too         C. so           D. very

B 组 
  1. It was only with the help of the local guide ______.
    A. was the mountain climber rescued
    B. that the mountain climber was rescued
    C. when the mountain climber was rescued
    D. then the mountain climber was rescued
  2. It is what you do rather than what you say __matters.
    A. that         B. what        C. which        D. this
  3. It wasn’t until nearly a month later ____ I received the manager’s reply.
    A. since        B. when        C. as           D. that
  4. ______ is our belief that improvement in health care will lead to a stronger, more prosperous 
economy.
    A. As           B. That        C. This         D. It
  5. —Did Jack come back early last night? 
    —Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock ____ he arrived home.
    A. before       B. when        C. that         D. until
  6. It was some time ____ he realized the truth.
    A. when         B. until       C. since        D. before
  7. It is almost five years __ we saw each other last time.
    A. before       B. since       C. after        D. when
  8. —How long do you think it will be _____ China sends a manned spaceship to the moon? 
    —Perhaps two or three years.
    A. when         B. until       C. that         D. before
  9. _____ in the regulations that you should not tell other people that pass-word of your e-mail 
account.
    A. What is required            B. What requires  
    C. It is required              D. It requires
  10. That was really a splendid evening. It’s years _____ I enjoyed myself so much.
    A. when         B. that        C. before       D. since
  11. —_____ that he managed to get the information?
    —Oh, a friend of his helped him.
    A. Where was it B. What was it  C. How was it  D. Why was it
  12. The doctor advised Vera strongly that she should take a holiday, but ____ didn’t help. 
    A. it           B. she         C. which        D. he
  13. If I can help ____, I don’t like working late into the night.    
    A. so           B. that        C. it           D. them
  14. Most of us know we should cut down on fat, but knowing such things isn’t much help when 
it _      shopping and eating.
    A. refers to    B. speaks of   C. focuses on   D comes to
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  15. The chairman thought ____ necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting.
    A. that         B. it          C. this         D. him
  16. As the busiest woman in Norton, she made ____ her duty to look after all the other people’s 
affairs in that town.
    A. this         B. that        C. one          D. it
  17. Why! I have nothing to confess. ____ you want me to say?
    A. What is it that B. What it is that  C. How is it that  D. How it is that
  18. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter _____ I’m talking to.
    A. who is it    B. who it is   C. it is who    D. it is whom 
  19. It was ____ back home after the experiment.
    A. not until midnight did he go    B. until midnight that he didn’t go
    C. not until mi dnight that he went  D. until midnight when he didn’t go
  20. It was with great joy ____ he received the news that his lost daughter had been found.
    A. because      B. which       C. since        D. that

三、完形。
    I was having my dinner at McDonald’s one evening when an old couple slowly walked in. 
They   1    their meal, took a table near the window and started   2   food out of the plate. 
There was one hamburger, one order of French fries (炸薯条) and one drink. The man   3   the 
food into two halves and carefully placed   4   before his wife.
    He took a sip (一小口) of the drink. His wife also took one and then   5   the cup down 
between them. “That   6  old couple! All they can  7  is one meal for the two of them,” 
thought I.  8   the man began to eat his French fries, I   9   to my feet, went over and said 
that I was  10  to buy another meal for them. But he   11   refused me and said that they 
made it a  12  to share everything.  13 , the lady didn’t take a bite. She sat there   14  her 
husband eat, and taking turns (轮流) sipping the drink. Again I   15   to buy them something 
but was refused. When the man finished eating and was   16   his face with a napkin (纸巾), I  
17   no longer stand it. I made an offer to them a third time.   18   being politely refused, I 
asked the lady  19 , “Madam, why aren’t you eating?” You said that you share everything.   20  
is it that you are waiting for?” “The teeth,” she answered.
  1. A. served      B. requested      C. collected     D. ordered
  2. A. carrying      B. taking       C. fetching       D. bringing
  3. A. divided       B. cut          C. changed      D. formed
  4. A. it          B. this          C. that       D. one
  5. A. got          B. settled       C. set         D. turned


  6. A. funny        B. crazy      C. strange      D. poor[来源:Z.xx.k.Com]
  7. A. afford       B. pay         C. demand      D. choose
  8. A. While       B. Since       C. As           D. Until
  9. A. came        B. struggled      C. rushed       D. rose
  10. A. anxious    B. willing      C. satisfied   D. quick
  11. A. warmly     B. proudly     C. kindly       D. seriously
  12. A. way        B. habit        C. case        D. model
  13. A. Surprisingly  B. Sadly     C. Shockingly D. Bitterly
  14. A. seeing      B. noticing     C. watching     D. finding
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  15. A. wanted     B. asked       C. planned      D. attempted
  16. A. wiping     B. touching     C. bathing      D. washing
  17. A. should      B. could        C. might      D. would
  18. A. In         B. Upon        C. After        D. With
  19. A. curiously    B. carefully  C. naturally    D. plainly
  20. A. How        B. Who         C. Why          D. What

四、阅读
                                      A
    It was the hardest thing I ever had to do as a mother. But I knew I had to let my daughter , my 
only child , go.
    In a few months, Sophie was going to college. We had so much to be happy about, but I was 
nervous, too.  I knew I had to do something to help myself through the summer.
    Sophie had a pack of T-shirts that she wouldn’t wear and didn’t want to get rid of(扔掉), so I 
decided to make a quilt (被子) out of them for her bed at college. It focused my energy, and also 
let me relive some memories.
    I tried to work on the quilt when Sophie wasn’t home——which turned out to be often. She 
was very busy with her friends. Even when she was around, her door was shut more than usual.  I 
felt a bit hurt. After all, we didn’t have much time together before she went to college. I was 
already missing her, but she didn’t even leave yet.
    The day finally came. When we arrived at the college, a wave of emotion swept over me. I 
tried to hold it back, but Sophie saw it in my face. She took out a beautiful book from her bag. “I 
made this for you, Mum,” she said. Then I knew why she had been staying behind a closed door 
that summer. It was an album of photographs documenting the life of our family over the last 17 
years.
    I broke into tears. Some of it was sadness at having to let her go, but there was joy, too. I 
knew that our connection was more powerful than ever, and that we’d always be connected by the 
love that went into every stitch(针脚) of her quilt and every photo in my album.
    When we helped Sophie settle in her dorm, I unfolded the quilt on her bed. For a moment she 
was speechless.  Then she threw her arms around me, “Mom, I love you,” she said.
    One of her new friends was calling her outside. Sophie turned, and I let her go.
  1. The underlined sentence probably means she tries to ___
    A. become strong enough to remember something. 
    B. make her daughter remember her.
    C. make a quilt attentively and forget something. 
    D. shift her attention and ease her anxiety.
  2. According to Paragraph 4, the author felt hurt because her daughter____ 
    A. was not interested in what she was doing   
    B. had little time for her
    C. was going to leave home for a long time    
    D. didn’t help her to make the quilt
  3. How did the author feel when they arrived at the college?
    A. She was excited.    
    B. She felt at ease.
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    C. She was sorry to be leaving her daughter.  
    D. She felt proud of her daughter.
  4. Why did the author finally let her daughter go?
    A. She realized that her daughter had to go to college by herself.
    B. She realized that the love between them would never be cut off.
    C. Sophie’s present made her forget her sorrow.
    D. Sophie’s new friends were calling her outside the dorm.

                                      B
                       RichardSolo 1800 Rechargeable Battery
    In just minutes a day, plug in and charge your iPhone quickly!
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transfer change. No more battery worries. RichardSolo will charge iPhone to full 1.5 times, and it 
is good for 3-5 years of recharges.
    Use the iPhone while charging it. Even charge the RichardSolo 1800 and iPhone together at 
the same time. Take only one charger when traveling and wake up in the morning with the 
RichardSolo and the iPhone charged.
    RichardSolo 1800 is largest in its class and holds its charge for months. Works with almost 
all iPhone cases.
    Your satisfaction is guaranteed, with our 30-day return privilege. If you’re not satisfied for 
any reason, we’ll email you a pre-paid return label.
    Actual customer comments:
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-B.L.
  5. How long does it take the battery to charge up an iPhone?
    A. 15 minutes    B. 30 minutes    C. 1.5 hours    D. 3 hours.
  6. What is special about the battery?
    A. It is built in an iPhone.          B. It is the smallest of its kind.
    C. It can also be used as a charger.   D. It keeps power for about 30days.
  7. Who mentions the transporting of the battery?
    A. P.S.         B. B.L.         C. M.C.        D. T.K.
  8. The customer comments on the battery are mainly about its ___.
    A. quality       B. service       C. function     D. shopping

五、完成对话
    M: So you’re interested in a job as a waitress. ___1___
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    W: Yes, for three years at several different restaurants. Now I’m working at the Park Hotel 
dining room on Hill Street.
    M: They have a very nice dining room there. ___2___
    W: Because I can’t work full-time now. I’m taking some courses at a university.
    M: I see. ___3___
    W: All day Thursday and Friday, Saturday and Sunday.
    M: ___4___ We’re looking for someone who can help us when we get very busy. That’s 
Thursday afternoon, Friday afternoon and evening as well as all day Saturday. The restaurant is 
closed on Sunday.
    W: That’s fine with me.
    M: When can you start?
    W: ___5___
    M: That’s fine. The first of May. By the way, you’ll get $ 8.80 an hour, plus tips, of course. 
    W: Good. Thanks very much.
    That suits us very well actually.
    Why do you want to leave?
    What can you pay for a part job?
    Um, have you worked as a waitress  before?
    On what days are you free?
    When are you going to start your course?
    Is the first of next month all right with you?

六、单词拼写
  1. The storm has _______(中断) all travel by sea.
  2. When building _____ (材料)cost more, the price of houses increases.   
  3. _______ (下定决心) to finish the job, Peter stayed up all night.
  4. Please contact my _______(秘书) to make an appointment.
  5. It will supply 140 million kW·h of _______ (电的) power per year to us. 
  6. The building was completely _______(摧毁)in the earthquake.
  7. The bank has taken _______(拥有) of the house.
  8. The _______(泉水)here are rich in mineral salts.      
  9. He has _______(原谅) you for your silly mistake.   
  10. After the storm there was a ____(急剧的)drop in temperature.
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【试题答案】
一、辨音
    BCDCB

二、单选 
A 组
    1~5 BACAC     6~10 BACDA     11~15 BABDB     16~20 ABDAB
B 组
    1~5 BADDB     6~10 DBDDD     11~15 CACDB     16~20 DABCD

三、完形
    1~5 DBADC     6~10 DACDB     11~15 CBACB     16~20 ABCAD

四、阅读
    A) DBCB       B) ACCB

五、完成对话
    DBEAG

 六、单词拼写
  1. interrupted  2. materials  3. Determined 4. secretary  5. electric
  6. destroyed  7. possession 8. springs   9. forgiven/excused/pardoned 
  10. sharp
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