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高中英语人教版 选修六Unit2 Reading

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高二  选修  6
  Unit 2


  Do you remember any little poems 
or songs you learned when you were a 
child? 
  Do you remember any poems you 
have read in high school, either in 
Chinese or in English? Can you recite 
any?
 What are the characteristics of  
poems? Can you give me some 
examples?
Poems have beats. They may rhyme or 
may not rhyme — but they have to have 
rhythms.  
This beat is not always obvious, but it’s 
usually there.
Rhyme and rhythm 节奏;韵律are essential 
to poetry. Without rhythm, there wouldn’t 
be poems.
      Twinkle twinkle little star     
       强  弱  强  弱   强 弱  强
      How I wonder what you are,
       Up above the world so high
       Like a diamond in the sky. 
构成一个韵节的四种情况:         强 + 弱, 强 + 弱弱
                     弱 + 强, 弱 + 强

  唐诗分五言,七言。根据韵节来分
  英诗可分为单韵诗、双韵诗、三韵
  诗……至八韵诗。
诗歌             poem
诗人              poet
诗歌(总称)         poetry
韵 压韵的词
 ,        (n.) rhyme
压韵  (v.)
节奏  (n.)       rhythm
有节奏的   (adj.)  rhythmic

Why do people write poems?
There are many reasons why 
people write poems. In small 
groups make a list of these 
reasons. 
People write poems
        to tell a story
        to express feelings  
        to make others laugh
to tell the life or friendship 
to delight the kids
to tell stories
to describe the seasons or scenes
for entertainment 
as the lyric of a song

Scan the text for the two questions.
1. What is the main idea of the reading 
 passage?
 Some simple forms of English poems.
2. What five kinds of poems does the 
 reading passage talk about? 
 Nursery rhymes, list poems, the 
 cinquain, haiku and Tang poems.

Read the text carefully and fill in 
the blanks.
 Forms of 
             Characteristics 
 Poems
           Have strong _________rhythm
 _________Nursery __________and rhyme   
 _________rhymes Have a lot of repetition
           Easy to learn and to 
           _______recite
          Easy to write
          Repeat _______phrases and 
List_________poems
          some rhyme while other do 
          not
          Easy to write
          Made up of ________five lines 
Cinquain
          Conveys a _________strong    
          picture in just a few words
       A Japanese form of poetry
       Made up of ___________17 syllables  
       Easy to write
Haiku
       Gives a _____clear  picture
       Creates a special feeling in just 
       a few words
Tang   The ___________translations  have a free 
Poems  form.
2. Read and answer questions.

Hush, little baby, don’t say a word, 
Papa’s going to buy you a mockingbird.
If that mockingbird won’t sing,                    
Papa’s going to buy you a diamond ring.
If that diamond ring turns to brass, 
Papa’s going to buy you a looking-glass.
If that looking-grass gets broke,                 
Papa’s going to buy you a billy-goat.
If that billy-goat runs away,                          
Papa’s going to buy you another today.
1. What is the baby’s father going to 
  buy if the mirror gets broken?
  If the mirror gets broken, the baby’s 
  father will buy a billy-goat instead.
2. What is the baby’s father going to do  
  if the goat runs away?
  He’s going to buy the baby another 
  billy-goat.
3. What is the poem A about? Use   
  your own words to explain it.
  Poem A is a nursery rhyme that 
  illustrates a father’s love for his baby.
I saw a fish-pond all on fire
I saw a fish-pond all on fire,
I saw a house bow to a squire,
I saw a person twelve-feet high,
I saw a cottage in the sky,
I saw a balloon made of lead,
I saw a coffin drop down dead,
I saw two sparrows run a race,
I saw two horses making lace,鞋带
I saw a girl just like a cat,
I saw a kitten wear a hat,
I saw a man who saw these too,
And said though strange they all 
were true.
What is the poem B about? 
Poem B is an amusing nonsense 胡说;
废话  poem which describes images 
of some ridiculous things.
  Our first football match
We should have won …
If Jack had scored that goal,
If we’d had just a few more minutes,
If we had trained harder,
If Ben had passed the ball to Joe,
If we’d had thousands of fans screaming,
If I hadn’t taken my eye off the ball,
If we hadn’t stayed up so late the 
night before,
If we hadn’t take it easy,
If we hadn’t run out of energy.
We should have won …
If we’d been better!
  Answer these questions.
1. What is the poem C about?
2. Why didn’t the players win the match?
3. Does the author really believe his or her 
  excuses? How do you know?
  Sample answers:
1. What is the poem C about?
  Poem C is about losing a football match 
  and the writer lists a lot of excuses for 
  their failure.
2. Why didn’t the players win the match?
  They didn’t win because they didn’t 
  have enough time; they didn’t have 
  thousands of fans screaming; they 
  stayed up too late the night before; 
  they ran out of energy. 
3. Does the author really believe his or her 
 excuses? How do you know?
 No. The author doesn’t believe his 
 excuses, because at the end of the poem 
 the speaker admits that they just did not 
 play well enough to win …
        Brother
    Beautiful, athletic
Teasing, shouting, laughing
Friend and enemy too Mine
       Summer
      Sleepy, salty 
Drying, drooping, dreading
    Week in, week out 
        Endless
1. What are the poems about?
  Poem D is a description of a lovely 
  brother.
  Poem E is a description of hot and 
  boring summer. 
2. Do the authors like the subjects? Give 
  your reasons. 
Poem D: Yes, the author likes his 
subject. Although the speaker 
describes a couple of negative aspects 
of his / her brother, the reader can 
feel the affection 喜爱,感情that the 
speaker feels for his / her brother.
Poem E: No, the author doesn’t like 
his subject. The reader gets the 
feeling that the speaker cannot wait 
until the summer is over. The words 
drooping, dreading, week in, week out 
and endless convey this feeling.
     A fallen blossom
Is coming back to the branch.
    Look, a butterfly! 

   Snow having melted.
 The whole village is brimful
    Of happy children.
What are the poems about?
Poem F describes how a butterfly 
rests on a tree.
Poem G describes that the weather 
is warmer and the village is full of 
happy children.
Where she awaits her husband                       
on and on the river flows.
Never looking back,                     
transformed into stone.
Day by day upon the mountain top, 
wind and rain revolve.循环出现
Should the journeyer return,                 
this stone would utter speech.
    望夫石
望夫处,江悠悠,
化为石,不回头。
山头日日风复雨,
行人归来石应语。
1. What is the story that the poem 
  tells? Tell the story in your own 
  words.
2. Circle one or more of the feelings 
  below that you think the woman 
  has. Give reasons for your 
  answers:
  loneliness     joy        love        
  trust 
1. A woman’s husband has gone away. 
The woman waits for him by the river 
where she last saw him. She waits and 
waits, never moving from that spot 
and never speaking, while the river 
continues to flow and the wind and 
rain come and go.
2. The woman has the feelings of:
Loneliness: she was alone watching 
her husband on the mountain top.
Love: she waited year after year 
despite wind and rain.
Trust: she believed her husband 
would come back one day.
Sorrow: year after year, she waited 
and waited without seeing any 
hope of her husband’s coming 
back, she was very sad.
3. Read the text carefully and choose  
 the best answers.
1. What is the baby’s father going to buy 
 if the mockingbird won’t sing in Poem A?
A. A billy-goat.   B. A diamond ring.   
C. A looking-glass.   D. A computer.
2. Which of the following is NOT 
 mentioned in Poem B?
A. A fish-pond on fire.      
B. A cottage in the sky.
C. A girl like a cat.          
D. A person ten-feet high.
3. Which of the following is NOT 
 mentioned in Poem F?
A. A child.   B. A branch.
C. A butterfly.  D. A blossom.
4. What kind of feeling is conveyed in 
 Poem G?
A. Sorrow.    B. Love.   
C. Happiness.  D. Loneliness. 

     A SPRING MORNING
I awake light-hearted this morning of 
spring, Everywhere round me the 
singing of birds But now I remember 
the night, the storm, And I wonder 
how many blossoms were broken.                   
               (by Meng Haoran)
            The Willow
The slender tree is dressed in emerald all 
about,
A thousand branches droop like fringes 
made of jade.
But do you know by whom these slim 
leaves are cut out?
The wind of early spring is sharp as 
scissor blade.
                By   He Zhi zhang
        In the quiet night
So bright a gleam on the foot of my 
bed--
Could there have been a frost already?
Lifting myself to look, I found that it 
was moonlight.
Sinking back again, I thought 
suddenly of my home. 
                    By Li Bai           
1. Read the text aloud and 
  recite Paragraph 1.
2. Prepare your favorite Tang 
  poem (s) and translate 
  it/them into English.
Sample translation of Tang poems
       COMING HOME
  I left home young, I return old.
  Speaking as then, but with hair grow 
  thin; and my children, meeting me, do 
  not know me.
  They smile and say: 
  Stranger, where do you come from?
 ON THE MOUNTAIN HOLIDAY
All alone in a foreign land.
I’m twice as homesick on this day, 
when brothers carry dogwood up the 
mountain, each of them a branch– and 
my branch missing.
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