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2018-2019学年人教版英语 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship

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Book 1  Unit 1
Friendship
内容索引


                          基础语境串记

                          考点互动探究

                          跟踪达标训练
基础语境串记
                          重点单词

Ⅰ.核心必记单词
1. upset           adj.心烦意乱的;不安的;不适的
               vt.使不安;使心烦
2. ignore            vt.不理睬;忽视
3. calm          adj.平静的;镇静的;沉着的
              vt.& vi.(使)平静;(使)镇定
4. concern              vt.(使)担忧;涉及;关系到
                  n.担心;关注;(利害)关系
   → concerned         adj.担心的;忧虑的
5. settle          vi.定居;安家;停留
             vt.使定居;解决;安排
  → settlement          n.协议;解决
6.  suffer           vt.& vi.遭受;忍受;经历→ suffering        n.折磨;苦难
7. recover              vt.& vi.痊愈;恢复;重新获得→ recovery        n.康复;痊愈;复得
8. disagree                vi.不同意→ disagreement            n.不同意
Ⅱ.阅读识记单词
9.loose adj._______松的;松开的______
10.series n.___________连续;系列
11.outdoors adv.____________在户外;在野外___
12.entire adj._____________整个的;完全的;全部的__________
13.power n. 能力;力量;权力                                 → powerful         adj.强大的;强有力的
14.teenager n.___________十几岁的青少年____
15.exactly adv._______________________确实如此;正是;确切地
16.grateful adj._______________感激的;表示谢意的____
17.dislike n.& vt._____________不喜欢;厌恶
18.tip n.___________________提示;技巧;尖;尖端;小费________
          vt._______倾斜;翻倒____
19.swap vt._____交换
20.item n.___________项目;条款
语境活用 [用所给词的正确形式填空]
1.The fast economic development before 2016 was probably the most      
 powerful                 (power) engine driving the constant growth in the box-office
(电影票房) income.
2. Ignoring             (ignore) the difference between the two research findings will 
be one of the worst mistakes you make.(2015·安徽)
3.I placed the chick in the nest,and it quickly  calmed             (calm) down.
                                             (2017·全国Ⅰ)
4.What makes me   concerned                  (concern) is my final exam which will be 
held in two weeks.
5.The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is that one can be            
  entirely             (entire) free from dust.
6.Sometimes it may not be so easy to know  exactly           (exact) what is right or 
wrong.
7.We had a  disagreement                        (disagree) about/over the fee for the work.
8.Although I worked there for over a year,I never really felt  settled              (settle).
9.At last the economy is showing signs of   recovery               (recover).
10.A    teenager                (teen) is someone who is between thirteen and nineteen 
years old.
联想拓展·多积累

 1.“感谢”荟萃
 (1)grateful adj.感激的
 (2)thankful adj.感谢的
 (3)gratitude n.感激
 (4)appreciate v.感激
 (5)appreciation n.感激
2.“...+-y”→名词
(1)recover→recovery康复
(2)discover→discovery发现
(3)modest→modesty谦虚
(4)honest→honesty诚实
(5)difficult→difficulty困难
3.“天气”单词集锦
(1)thunder n.雷;vi.打雷
(2)lightning n.闪电
(3)haze n.雾霾
(4)rainstorm n.暴风雨
4.“动词+-ing”→名词
(1)suffer→suffering苦难
(2)build→building建筑(物)
(3)cross→crossing十字路口
(4)hear→hearing听力
(5)feel→feeling感觉
                          高频短语

1. add        up     合计
2. calm          (...)        down          (使)平静下来;(使)镇定下来
3. be      concerned                    about          关心;挂念
4. go      through              经历;经受
5. set       down         放下;记下;登记
6. on      purpose               故意
7. in     order            to    为了……
8. face         to     face       面对面地
9. be/get             tired          of    对……厌烦

10. get       along            with       与……相处;进展

11. fall        in     love       相爱;爱上

12. join         in    参加;加入
语境活用 [用上述加颜色短语的正确形式填空]
1.He stared at them without  joining              in     the conversation.
2.I  am       tired          of     watching television;let’s go for a walk.
3.He must work very hard  in     order            to    support his large family.
4.You made it sound as if I had done it  on      purpose              !
5.You must remember:Almost everyone had  gone          through                many 
difficulties before they succeeded.
6.Mr Johnson lit a cigarette to  calm         himself  down          .
联想拓展·多积累

 1.“动词+through”小结
 (1)go through通过;用完;检查;经历,经受
 (2)see through帮助渡过难关;看穿
 (3)look through快速查看;浏览
 (4)get through完成;用完;打通(电话)
2.“n.+prep.+n.”类短语聚焦
(1)face to face面对面
(2)shoulder to shoulder肩并肩
(3)hand in hand 手拉手
(4)heart to heart心连心
(5)side by side肩并肩
3.“写下,记下”短语小结
(1)set down记下;放下
(2)write down写下;记下
(3)put down记下;放下
(4)note down记下
                         经典句式

1.状语从句的省略
While walking the dog,you were careless and it got loose and was hit 
by a car.
遛狗时,你不小心把狗松开了,它被车撞了。
2.before引导时间状语从句
She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they 
were discovered.
她与家人躲藏了将近二十五个月之后才被发现。
3.It is/was...that...强调句型
I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long 
that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.
我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然
有关的事物都无比狂热。
4.It/This/That is/was/will be the first/second...time that...这/那是第几次……
...it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to 
face...
……这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚……
句式仿写
1.科学家发现,当受到攻击时所有的植物都会散发出挥发性有机化合物。
                                              (2017·全国Ⅱ)
Scientists have found that all kinds of plants give out VOCs ____________when being
 attacked               .
2.如果你错过了这次机会,可能需要很多年你才能再有一次。
If you miss this chance,  it    may         be      years           before             you get another one.
3.正是当我回到公寓时,我第一次偶然遇见了我的新邻居们。
                                               (2017·天津)
  It    was        when          I    got       back         to     my       apartment                   that              I first came across my 
new neighbors.
4.这是我第一次和父母一起散步。
It is the first time that I  have          taken            a    walk          with my parents.
考点互动探究
                边讲
                边练    突破核心词汇

 1 ignore vt.忽视;不理睬

拓展词:ignorant adj.无知的;愚昧的;无学识的
ignorance n.无知;愚昧

 (1)be ignorant of对……一无所知
 (2)out of/through ignorance出于无知
(1)He felt himself very   ignorant               (ignore).
他觉得自己很无知。
(2)Sometimes children do dangerous things  out       of/through                     ignorance                 .
有时孩子们出于无知而做一些危险的事。
[联想发散] 表示“出于……”的短语:
out of pity出于同情    out of curiosity出于好奇
out of sympathy出于同情      out of shame出于羞愧
out of envy出于羡慕(忌妒)      out of fear出于恐惧
out of charity出于仁慈 out of revenge出于报复
out of necessity出于必要     out of respect出于尊敬
 2 concern v.涉及;与……有关;(使)担忧
                 n.担心,忧虑;关心;(利害)关系

拓展词:concerned adj.担心的;感兴趣的(作前置定语);有关的;
参与的(作后置定语)
concerning prep.关于

 as far as ...be concerned就……而言
 be concerned about/for对……担心/关心
 be concerned with与……有关
(1) As     far      as     I ’    m    concerned                      ,I have changed a lot because of the 
lesson.
就我个人来说,这一课让我改变了许多。Concerning                    concerns
(2)                        the toll free policy on the expressconcerned way,what ________
us most is the traffic jams while some are              about the 
safety.(concern)
关于高速公路通行费免费政策,我们最担心的是交通堵塞,而有些人
担心的是安全问题。
[句式升级] 把句(1)用其他方式表达
(3)  In      my       opinion/view                       ,I have changed a lot because of the lesson.
(opinion/view)
(4) From            my       point           of     view        ,I have changed a lot because of the lesson.
(point)
(5) In/With                regard             to      me     ,I have changed a lot because of the lesson.
(regard)
 3 power n.能力;力量;权力;动力

拓展词:powerful adj.强有力的;有影响力的;健壮的

 come to power掌权;上台
 in one’s power在某人的掌控中
 do everything in one’s power=do/try one’s best尽力而为;竭尽
 全力
(1)Ever since the party    came         to    power            last year,great changes of 
people’s life have taken place.
自从去年这个政党上台以来,人们的生活发生了很大变化。
(2)I will  do      everything                     in     my       power             to help you.(power)
我会尽全力帮助你。
[熟词生义] 写出句子中加颜色词的汉语意思
(3)The tractor is powered by a diesel(柴油机) engine.
                                   ____给(车辆或机器__________________)提供动力
 4 suffer vt.& vi.受苦;遭受;经历

拓展词:suffering n.受苦,遭难;苦楚,苦难
sufferer n.受害者;患者

 suffer from遭受……折磨;患……病

[易错点拨]
(1)suffer和suffer from一般不用于被动语态。
(2)suffer作及物动词,意思同experience(体验;经历),其后可跟pain,
defeat,hardship等词作宾语;suffer    from中from表示原因,意为“因
……而受苦”。
[选词填空]
(1)It is likely that you could  suffer            from        (suffer/suffer from) bad health 
if you keep smoking.
(2)Drought continues to annoy many parts of China,with tens of 
thousands  suffering               (suffer/suffer from) water shortages and millions of 
others affected.
[句式升级]
(3)Because they had suffered such a heavy loss in the earthquake,they 
got help from all over the world.(用现在分词短语作状语改写)
 Having            suffered    such         a  heavy           loss       in     the      ,earthquakethey got help from all over the 
world.
 5 add up合计,加起来;合情理;说得通

 add up to总计为;合计达
 add to增加;增添
 add...to...把……加到……

(1)If you  add        up      those four figures,it  adds          up      to     over    500.
这四个数额加起来总额超过500美元。
(2)Perhaps you think you could easily   add      to     your        happiness               with more 
money.
也许你认为有了更多的钱你就能轻松地提升你的幸福感。
[一句多译]
(3)三加四等于七。
① Three      added       to   four     makes/equals             seven.      (add to)
② Three      and     four     add(s)       up    to   seven.      (add up to)
③ If   you    add     three      to   four    ,  you    will     get    seven.      (add...to...)
[熟词生义] 写出下列句子中加颜色词语的汉语意思
(4)He added that the theater’s location(位置) was also a reason.
                                        (2017·全国Ⅲ)_补充说______
(5)These clues don’t really add up to very much.               _____________表示,意味着
 6 go through经历;经受;完成;通过;检查;用完

[写出下列句子中加颜色词语的汉语意思]
(1)I myself went through this searching process and found something that 
has changed my experience at college for the better.(2017·全国Ⅰ)    经历_____
(2)Cars are not allowed to go through the city centre通过,穿过.       
___________                                         用完
(3)It didn’t take Albert very long to go through his money.              
_____                                          检查;审核
(4)She went through the company’s accounts,looking for evidence of 
fraud(欺诈).                           ___________
7 set down放下;记下;让……下车;登记

set about (doing)开始;着手
set aside留出;把……放置一旁;不理会;取消
set out出发(for);着手(to do);安排
set off出发(for);引起;点燃
set up建立;准备;安排
be set in以……为背景
[选择上述短语的正确形式填空]
(1)The movie   is   set    in   a small town where the only movie theater is 
preparing to close down.(2017·全国Ⅲ)
(2)In 1963 the UN  set     up   the World Food Programme,one of whose 
purposes is to relieve worldwide starvation.(2017·江苏)
(3)Why don’t you  set      your ideas  down           on paper?
(4)The new government must    set       about             finding solutions to the 
country’s economic problems.
(5)I try to  set       aside          a few minutes each day to take exercise.
 8 get along/on with和……相处;进展

 get across讲清楚;(使)被领会(to sb.)
 get over克服
 get down to (doing) sth.开始做某事
 get through(电话)接通;用完;通过;度过

(1)How are you getting  along/on                 with your French?
(2)It’s time that I got down to  thinking               (think) about my future.
(3)I think the problem can be got  over         without too much difficulty.
(4)He’s not very good at getting his ideas  across           .
[链接高考写作·翻译句子]
(5)作为一个外向的女孩,我和同学相处得很好。(2015·陕西)
____________________________________________________As an outgoing girl,I get along/on well with my classmates.
               点拨
               规律    突破经典句型

9 While walking the dog,you were careless and it got loose and was 
  hit by a car.
  遛狗时,你不小心把狗松开了,它被车撞了。

句型:状语从句的省略

(1)当状语从句的主语和主句的主语一致,且从句中含有be动词时,
可将从句的主语和be动词一起省略。
(2)当从句中含有“it+be动词”时,可将it和be动词省略。
(1)If  admitted                (admit),I will do all I can to do the work well.
如果我能被录用,我一定会努力把工作做好的。
(2) If     possible              ,I want to avoid the rush hour traffic.
如果可能我想避开交通高峰时间。
[同义句改写]
(3)The director was fully convinced that this moving story,if adapted 
for television,would be a hit.(补全句中的省略成分)
→The director was fully convinced that this moving story,________if it was
 adapted for television            ,would be a hit.
[链接高考写作·翻译句子]
(4)参观艺术展时,我们讨论了伟大艺术家们的作品。(2016·天津)
_______________________________________________________________While visiting the art exhibition,we discussed the great artists’ works.
10 I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so 
   long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.
   我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与
   大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。

 句型:It is/was...that...强调句型
(1)强调句型的基本结构为:It         is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其他部
分(若被强调的是人,可用that或who;若被强调的部分是其他时,一律
用that)。另外要注意:本句型不能用于强调原句的谓语动词。
(2)强调句的一般疑问句结构为:Is/Was it+被强调部分+that/who...?
(3)强调句的特殊疑问句结构为:特殊疑问词+is/was it+that...?
(4)对not...until...句型中的时间状语(从句)进行强调时的结构为:It is/was 
not until+被强调部分+that+其他部分。
[用强调句型强调画线部分]
(1)I didn’t leave until he came.
______________________________It was not until he came that I left.
(2)I wonder what you were doing at this time yesterday.
_______________________________________________________I wonder what it was that you were doing at this time yesterday.
(3)He came to see us yesterday.
__________________________________It was yesterday that he came to see us.
跟踪达标训练
Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.The astronauts will suffer   from       a carbon-dioxide headache when they 
exercise in one place for a long time.
2.Because sleepiness is such a problem for   teenagers            (teenager),some 
school districts have decided to start high school classes later than they 
used to.(2017·浙江)
3.Once,while   working             (work) overnight at a store,he let a homeless 
man sleep in his truck.(2017·全国Ⅱ)
4.  It    was 80 years before Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic that 
Zheng He had sailed to East Africa.
5.It was the first time that I   had        left       (leave) my parents.
6.Dave went  through               his pockets looking for the keys.
7.—How did you pass the challenging test?
—It was a long time   before            I found a series of suitable methods.
8.  Concerned                  (concern) about the student,the teacher called his parents 
to find out why he was so often absent from class.
9.A fly kept  upsetting                   the boy.He was so  upset            that he  upset           the cup 
on the desk.(upset)
10.We’ve had a few    disagreements                   (disagree),but we’re still good 
friends.
Ⅱ.单句改错(每小题仅有1处错误)

1.It’s not doing the things we like,but liking the things we have to do 

what makes life happy.
that
2.The two young people have fallen in love with each other for a year.
                       been
3.It was raining cats and dogs,thus added to their difficulty in 
                                adding
transporting the supplies to the earthquake-stricken areas.
4.I was very grateful to Anna for giving me the opportunity to join in 

the club.

5.Jack asked Jane when she will leave for London yesterday.
                     would
Ⅲ.教材与语法填空
    A best friend is someone you can tell everything 1. to    ,even your most 
2.   personal                 (person) feelings and thoughts.Anne Frank treated her diary 
3. as    her best friend.The German Nazis were in search of Anne and her 
family.The family had to hide away from the chase.They didn’t dare to go 
out even in the evenings.They had to stay 4.  indoors         (indoor) day and 
night.Not 5. being          (be) able to go out for such a long time,Anne missed the 
beauty of nature so much 6. that       she 7.  grew       (grow) crazy about everything 
to do with 8. it  .She stayed up until eleven thirty one evening on purpose just
to see the moonlight.She said,“This is the first time that I 9._________have seen
(see) the moonlight since I came here.”
    10.  Unfortunately                       (fortunate),the family were discovered at last 
and taken away from the hiding place.
Ⅳ.教材与短文改错

Dear Miss Wang,

   I was having some trouble in my classmates at the moment.I’m 
     am                  with
getting along well∧ a boy in my class.We often do homework together and 
            with
you enjoy help each other.We have became really good friend.But other 
we     helping              become         friends
students have started gossiping.They say that this boy and I have fallen in love.
This has made me angrily.Although I don’t want to end the friendship
               angry
,but I hate others gossiping.

或Although I don’t want to end the friendship,but I hate others 

gossiping.

How should I do?
What
                                                 Yours,

                                                    Lisa
Ⅴ.教材与微写作
写作素材(关于友谊)
1.要想拥有朋友,你必须做一个诚实的人。
2.首先最好加入一些俱乐部并多参加活动以结识新朋友。
3.其次,一旦你有了朋友,要学会去关心他们。
4.在任何时候都不要忽视他们。
5.最后但同样重要的是,要和他们好好相处,并经常和他们面对面地交
流。
提示:加颜色部分用本单元词汇表达,并且请使用first,second,last but 
not least等连接词。
连句成篇(将以上句子连成一篇50词左右的英语短文)
    In order to have friends,you have got to be an honest person.First
,you’d better join some clubs and join in some activities to meet new 
people.Second,once you have friends,try to be concerned about 
them.Don’t ignore them at any time.Last but not least,you should get 
along well with them and often communicate with them face to face.


                                                       答案
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