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2019高考英语专题之定语从句I

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四 解题思路:
1. 通读全句。首先判断是什么句型。
2. 题干句如果是疑问句式,将其转化为陈述句式。
3. 分析从句的句子结构,在定语从句中,缺什么,就补什
么:缺主或宾语,用关系代词;缺状语,用关系副词
4. 注意标点符号和题干中是否存在并列连词and, but等。
合作探究
 合作探究一
一.定语从句关系词的基本选用 ( 
who/that/which/whom/x)
   1. who/that                                                小结          :               
   2.who/that/whom/省略.             1.在限制性定语从句中,引导词作宾
   3. which/that/省略                语可以_________省略
   4. which/that/省略 
   5.who/that/whom/省略               2.在非限制性定语从句中,不能出现
   6.which/that.                   引导词 _________that
   限定性定语从句/非限定性定语从句
   1)  which/that/省略                3. Whose+名词 
        which                      = the 名词 of which/whom 
   2)  who/that.                   = of which/whom the 名词
        who
 二.Whose 的使用
   1. whose.
   2. of which.
   3. of which the window.
   合作探究二
探究二 关系副词引导定语从句
一 与关系代词的区别                           小结:
1.when.
2.which/that/省略.                        表示时间,地点或原因的名次作先
3.where.                             行词时,引导词的选择要看它在从
4.which/that/省略.                     句中充当的成分。如果做主语宾语
5.why.                  
6.which/that/省略.                     表语,选择which/that________,如果做状语,
二 抽象地点名词                             则用关系副词,时间 when______地点
 1.D  
 2.B                                 ______where原因__________why
 3 A
 4 D. 
 5. B. 
 6. D. 
   合作探究三
探究三  介词+关系代词
1.of which.                       小结:
2. whom we are looking for        介词的选择需要注意:
3.in whom.                        1与从句动词的搭配 
Correction:                       2与先行词的搭配
4. China has hundreds of islands, the 
                                  3.介词后的关系词
largest of that is Taiwan.                    whom
        which                     指人必须用_______
5.There 54 students in our class, 之物必须用___________which
most of them are boys.
      whom
 
  合作探究四
探究四 用that 不用which的情况
1). that                  小结:
2). that                    先行词是不定代词或被它们修饰
3). that                  1_________________________
4).that .                 2_____________________先行词被the only/very 修饰
5) that                   3__________________________
6).that                     先行词被序数词或最高级修饰
7) that.                  4_________________________先行词既有人又有物      
8). that.                 5___________________________特殊疑问句由which 或who引起
    合作探究五
                              小结:
 way 和time后接定语从句的情况           小结: 记住固定句型 
1 The way ______which/that/_________省略____ 1. It's time that sb should do
he explained to us was quite simple.     It's time that sb did
  The way _in_______________ which/that/省略____ 2. It's the first time that sb have done
he explained the sentences to us     It was the first time that sb had done
was not difficult to understand.
2 It’s high/ about time that 
w_________________________e should study English____ well
__w_(e我们学好英语  studied English)  well
   It’s the first time that 
______they ______have ________________been in China
(他们来到中国) 
                              1 that
                              2 as
   合作探究七                      3 as.
常见搭配 一                        4 which.
as is well known              5 as.
as anybody can see            6 as.
as we had expected            7 which.
as often happens              8 as
as has been said before       9. As we all know, we should try our 
as is mentioned above         best to protect the environment.
as is reported(announced)      10.  As is mentioned above, I hope 
as it is                      you can come to China.
as is often the case          小结:which  as
常见搭配 二                        1.位置as____________________引导非限定定语从句可以
the same ...as
such...as                          放在主句前也可放在主句后
as...as                       2.含义____________________
                                        as 译为正如
探究八(补充)
一 分隔式定语从句                合作探究八
二 定语从句中的谓语动词与先行词保
持一致                               小结:
1.draw                            在理解句意的基础上,化繁为简,
2.is .
3.has.                            找好先行词,确定关系词。
4.have.
5.is.
6.makes.
7.am.
三 插入语提升试题难度
1. B. 
2. B. 
3. B
4. C小结:在理解句意的基础上,化繁
为简,找好先行词,确定关系词。
          检测评学
填空
1. where                    用定语从句改写短文
2.whose.                    Our class is a big family which 
3.which.                    consists of 12 girls and 50 boys, 
4. who.                     most of whom are mainly from the 
5. which.
改错                          countryside. Zhao Qiang is a kind-
6.in which                  hearted boy, who is always ready 
7 . most of whom            to help others. He is such a good 
8 in which they live /where they live. boy as we all like.
9. which was cut off 
10.As is often the case 
 
                                       Brainstorm:


                                         杭州很美 

                                         会议很成功 

                                       许多大人物参加 
2016 G20  Summit is held in Hanzhou, 
                                        那里人们友好 
______________________________________which is a very beautiful city in China
which is very successful
which many big potatoes/ VIP attend
where the local people are very friendly
 正如英国《每日邮报》( the 
 Washington Post)9月4日报道,一组
 拍摄于野生动物园的动物可爱照片被
 分享引来热议。
As__________________________ the Washington Post reported on 
 September 4th, an album of cute 
 animals are shared on the internet, 
 _____which arouses a heated debate.
Who do you like best? Why?

The one that I like best is....
The reason why I like him is that....
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