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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                                模拟组合练(六)

Ⅰ.阅读理解

                                      A
(2018 河南南阳一中高三第十二次考试,C)

Personal Background
Steve Jobs
Apple Computer
3-year return: 26%
Age: 42
CEO since: 1997
    Here’s a guy with enough knowledge, ability and brainpower to effectively hold 
down two CEO jobs at once and do a pretty amazing job at both. We’ve listed him for 

his post at Apple, but of course Steve Jobs also runs Pixar, an animation (动画) 

company.

    Coming in after a $1 billion loss in fiscal 1997 (1997 财年), Jobs turned a $106 

million profit—38 percent above Wall Street’s consensus target. A lot of credit goes to a 

very simple idea: make computers in different colors. Jobs was the only one who thought 
to make it happen. The colorful mid-priced iMac has also succeeded by playing down the 

compatibility (兼容性) problem. Apple positioned it as the machine for the Internet, 

where compatibility questions are no big deal. Behind the scenes, Jobs streamlined (使成

流线型) the product line, and also did a whole series of work for improving and selling 
the production. Meanwhile, over at Pixar, A Bug’s Life nabbed a total $159 million in 
domestic box office, the highest domestic animated take since Toy Story and the third 
highest ever, after Toy Story and the leader The Lion King.

    Business philosophy:“The technology isn’t the hard part. The hard part is: who’s 

going to buy it?How are they going to buy it?How do you tell them about it?”

    How he got the job:the Apple board begged him to return.
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    Management style:at Apple, Jobs is a micromanager—some say nanomanager who 

changes moods suddenly and unexpectedly. Actually every decision goes by him. At any 

time, 10,000 employees are wondering, “What would Steve say?”but not “What is the 

right thing to do?” said a former Apple executive.

    Financial reward:his Apple rewards are minimal—a salary of one dollar a year, but 

his 69 percent share of Pixar is worth about $1.3 billion.

                                                      —selected from a newspaper

1.According to the passage, the following adjectives can be used to describe Jobs 

EXCEPT   . 
 A.creative      B.easy-going
 C.demanding     D.distinguished

2.We can learn from the passage that   . 
 A.Jobs can work well in every field
 B.the colorful iMac is accepted for its low price
 C.Jobs makes a big difference at Apple as a designer
 D.the technology is more important than business ideas

3.The underlined word “nabbed” in Paragraph 2 probably means“   ”. 
 A.pulled up         B.brought in
 C.went through      D.handed over
4.What does the author mainly want to tell us?
 A.Jobs is the richest man in the world.
 B.Jobs is a giant of electronic products.
 C.Jobs spends most of his time at Pixar.
 D.Jobs can get much money a year as his salary.
                                      B
(2018 宁夏银川    4 月质检,C)
                    中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    US scientists say they have poured cold water on the theory that washing hands with 

hot water kills more germs(细菌)than unheated water. The small study of 20 people 

found using water at 15℃(59℉) left hands as clean as water heated to 38℃(100℉). 

    The National Health Service recommends that people wash their hands in either cold 
or warm water. In this study, scientists at Rutgers University wanted to find out if 
popular assumptions about the benefits of warm or hot water and official guidance on hot 

water—given to the food industry in the US—held true. They asked 20 people to wash 

their hands 20 times each with water that was 15℃(59℉), 26℃(79℉) or 38℃(100℉). 
Volunteers were also asked to experiment with varying amounts of soap. Before they 
started the tests, their hands were covered in harmless bugs. Researchers say there was 
no difference in the amount of bugs removed as the temperature of the water or the 
amount of soap changed.

    Prof Donald Schaffner said,“People need to feel comfortable when they are washing 

their hands but as far as effectiveness goes, this study shows us that the temperature of 

the water used did not matter.”

    However, the researchers accept their study is small and say more extensive work is 
needed to determine the best ways to remove harmful bacteria.
    In the UK, NHS experts say people can use cold or hot water to wash their hands. 
They say hands should be washed for at least 20 seconds and stress the importance of 
using enough soap to cover the whole surface of the hands. Their guidance focuses on 
rubbing hands together in various ways to make sure each surface of each hand is clean.

5.What does the underlined phrase“poured cold water on”in Paragraph 1 probably mean?

 A.Proved.       B.Contradicted.
 C.Created.      D.Accepted.

6.After they washed their hands with either hot or cold water,    . 
 A.volunteers all didn’t feel very comfortable
 B.volunteers all talked about America
 C.volunteers still had many germs on their hands
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 D.volunteers nearly had the same amount of germs removed
7.What do the researchers think of the study?
 A.It is popular.       B.It is convincing.
 C.It is incomplete. D.It is abstract.
8.Which of the following is the best title for the text?
 A.Using Cold Water Instead of Hot Water
 B.How to Use Cold Water to Wash Hands
 C.It Is Better to Wash Hands in Cold Water
 D.Washing Hands in Cold Water As Good As in Hot Water

Ⅱ.完形填空

(2017 湖南长沙三模)

    Every morning, on my way to work, I see homeless people sleeping on sidewalks. 

Clearly, they’re in need of  1 . I feel it a(n) 2 to see this, but most people walk by, 
3 they don’t exist and don’t offer any help at all, not even a  4 . Recently, it’s 
extremely cold, making things especially  5  for the homeless. 
    Usually I arrive at work around 8 am, when the homeless are still asleep. I’m not 

sure whether it’s a good  6  to leave something for them while they’re  7 , as it 
may get stolen or they may not even  8 it. 
    Today, I  9 someone, who seemed to be homeless, sitting on the sidewalk, awake. 
I had some time  10 I was due to start work, so I dashed across the street to ask if I 
could get anything for him to drink or eat. He wanted a Cola, so I went and got this 

for him  11 a banana. 
    I gave him the drink and banana, then went back to my office across the street, and 

went upstairs to get the bag I recently  12  with everyday items. I’d been planning to 
give it to someone in need, so this was a great  13 . I hurried back to give the bag 
to the stranger, who was  14 . 
    Society may feel uncomfortable with homeless people.  15 , we must remember 
they’re just like us. They are just down on their  16  for their different reasons. If we  
                    中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

17 to help those in need, our hearts will grow and we can  18 make our world 
better. 

    Singer Phil Collins sang a song titled Another Day in Paradise, which  19 us to 
be grateful for the many blessings we have and not to  20 those who are less 
fortunate. 
1.A.balance   B.significance   C.performance     D.assistance
2.A.duty      B.regret         C.advance         D.equality
3.A.imagining B.expecting      C.pretending      D.announcing
4.A.word      B.hug            C.pity            D.gift
5.A.absurd    B.boring         C.complex         D.tough
6.A.idea      B.excuse         C.lesson          D.reason
7.A.relaxed                    B.absent-minded
 C.unaware                     D.dizzy
8.A.know      B.want           C.share           D.afford
9.A.spotted   B.approached     C.recognized      D.interviewed
10.A.when     B.since          C.before          D.unless
11.A.instead of                B.except for
   C.regardless of             D.along with
12.A.replaced B.packed         C.decorated       D.combined
13.A.trial    B.honor          C.opportunity     D.reward
14.A.grateful B.careful        C.hopeful         D.skillful
15.A.Besides  B.Therefore      C.Meanwhile       D.However
16.A.effort   B.luck           C.appearance      D.reputation
17.A.look out                  B.break out
   C.reach out                 D.turn out
18.A.truly                     B.properly
   C.deliberately              D.approximately
19.A.intends  B.reminds        C.promises        D.persuades 
20.A.trick    B.blame          C.doubt           D.forget
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          阅读理解    A 1.brainpower n.智能;智力 2.target n.目标;指标 
          3.unexpectedly adv.出乎意料地;意外地
  词汇      阅读理解    B 1.varying amounts of...不同数量的…… 2.stress the 
          importance of...强调了……的重要性
          完形填空 dash v.猛冲;猛撞
          阅读理解    B The National Health Service recommends that people wash 
          their hands in either cold or warm water.(recommend that...建议……)
          国民医疗服务体系建议人们应该在冷水或温水中洗手。
  句型      完形填空  Every morning, on my way to work, I see homeless people 
          sleeping on sidewalks.(see sb. doing sth.看见某人正在做某事)
          每天早晨,在我上班的路上,我都会看见无家可归者正在(马路边的)人行道上睡
          觉。
          词汇:
你的收获
          句型:
                 中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


                           答案全解全析

Ⅰ.阅读理解

                                A

[语篇解读] 文章主要介绍的是一位能够同时兼做两份电子产品                         CEO  工作的

才华能人——乔布斯。

1.B 事实细节题。根据         at Apple, Jobs is a micromanager—some say...said a 

former Apple executive.可知,乔布斯不容易相处。故选        B 项。

2.C 推理判断题。根据         The colorful mid-priced iMac has also succeeded...and 

also did a whole series of work for improving and selling the production.可知,乔布

斯作为一名设计师,对苹果公司有很重大的影响。故选                      C 项。

3.B 词义猜测题。根据         a total $159 million in domestic box office 可推断 

nabbed 的意思是    “赚得”。故选     B 项。

4.B 写作意图题。这篇文章主要介绍的是一位能够同时兼做两份电子产品

CEO 工作的才华能人——乔布斯。故选               B 项。

                                B

[语篇解读] 美国科学家反驳了用热水洗手能更好地杀死细菌这一理论。通过

实验他们发现用热水和冷水洗手的杀菌效果是一样的。
                 中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

5.B 词义猜测题。根据下文可知科学家们反驳了热水能更好地杀死细菌的理

论,故选   B。

6.D 细节理解题。根据第二段最后一句可知,水温的不同并未导致细菌数量的

变化,因此无论是用热水还是冷水洗手,除掉的细菌量是相同的,故                        D 项正确。

7.C 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段可知,研究人员认为他们目前的研究还不完

善,故  C 项正确。

8.D 主旨大意题。由全文可知,文章主要介绍了一项新的研究成果,即冷水和

热水洗手效果相同,故         D 项正确。

Ⅱ.完形填空

[语篇解读] 作者看到许多流浪者在路边,而大多数人只是匆匆走过,他决定帮

助一个无家可归的人并由此想到应该帮助那些需要帮助的人。

1.D 根据上文可知他们显然需要帮助。assistance             帮助;balance 平衡;

significance 意义;performance 表演。

2.B 看到这样的场景,作者感到很遗憾。regret             遗憾;duty  责任;advance 发展,前

进;equality 平等。

3.C 大多数人走过去,假装他们不存在。pretend              假装;imagine 想象;expect 期

盼;announce 宣布。

4.A 他们不给予任何帮助,甚至一句话都不说。word                  话语;hug  拥抱;pity 怜悯;

gift 礼物。

5.D 根据上文     Recently, it’s extremely cold 可知天气极其冷,使无家可归的人

的处境更艰难了。tough        困难的;absurd  荒谬的;boring 无聊的,令人厌烦的;

complex 复杂的。
                 中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

6.A 作者不确定在他们不知道的时候留点东西是否是一个好主意。idea                          主意;

excuse 借口;lesson 教训;reason 理由。

7.C 根据上文     Usually I arrive at work around 8 am, when the homeless are still 

asleep.可知应该是在他们不知道的时候。unaware             不知道的;relaxed  放松的;

absent-minded 心不在焉的;dizzy  眩晕的。

8.B 因为它可能被偷或者他们可能不想要。

9.A 今天作者发现一个看上去无家可归的人坐在人行道上,他是醒着的。

spot 发现;approach 接近;recognize 承认;interview 采访。

10.C 根据下文     so I dashed across the street to ask if I could get anything for him 

to drink or eat 可知作者还有一些时间才开始上班,即在上班之前。

11.D 根据下文     I gave him the drink and banana 可知作者买了可乐和香蕉。

along with 和……一起;instead of 代替;except for 除了;regardless of 不管,不顾。

12.B 根据下文     I’d been planning to give it to someone in need 可知包里装满了

日常用品。pack     打包;replace 代替;decorate 装饰;combine 结合。

13.C 根据上文     I’d been planning to give it to someone in need 可知作者一直打

算把它送给一个处于困境中的人,因此这是一个极好的机会。opportunity                       机会;

trial 试验;honor 荣誉;reward 报酬,报答。

14.A 根据常识可知作者把有日常用品的包给那个无家可归者,他应该很感激。

grateful 感激的;careful 仔细的;hopeful 有希望的;skillful 熟练的。

15.D 前后两个句子之间为转折关系。

16.B 那些无家可归者只是因为种种原因运气不好。luck                   运气;effort 努力;

appearance 外貌;reputation 声望。
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17.C 根据   to help those in need 可知是伸出援手帮助那些处于困境中的人。

reach out 表示愿意提供帮助;look out    当心;break out 爆发;turn out 结果是,证明

是。

18.A 如果我们伸出援手帮助那些处于困境中的人,就能真正让我们的世界变

得更好。truly   真正;properly 适当地;deliberately 故意;approximately 大约,近似

于。

19.B 歌手   Phil Collins 的《天堂里的另一天》提醒我们要对我们所拥有的福

分心存感恩。remind      提醒;intend 打算;promise 许诺;persuade 说服。

20.D 同时也不要忘记那些比我们不幸的人。forget                忘记;trick 欺骗;blame 责

备;doubt 怀疑。
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