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2018-2019高三 作文专题六、非谓语动词写作导练

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  ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语


六、非谓语动词写作导练
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

写作要领

    众所周知,作文中出现过多的简单句会让人觉得单调乏味,句子与句子之
间的关系显得松散;而文章中过多地出现复合句又显得累赘,读起来费劲。恰
当地运用非谓语动词(过去分词、不定式、动词-ing形式)、独立主格结构或
with复合结构对句式加以简化,使文句更加准确、得体、精炼、灵活,使语言
更加丰富多彩。
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

1.用非谓语动词转换简单句,提升表达档次
     写作时,我们可以利用非谓语动词对两个简单句进行转换,使其成为
  较高级的表达方式。转换时可采用三步法。
    第一步:写出两个简单句。第二步:找准两个简单句的对接点,让一
  个句子作为主干,另一个句子用非谓语动词进行改写。第三步:判断应用
  何种非谓语动词,把握好时态和语态,最后连接起来。例如:
  第一步:写出两个简单句。
  ①I feel quite sorry for that.
  ②I begin to think about what to do to help.
  第二步:让句②作主句,用非谓语动词改写句①。
  第三步:句①表示原因,其动词feel与主语I之间为主谓关系,故用动词-
  ing形式作原因状语。
  Feeling quite sorry for that,I begin to think about what to do 
  to help.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

常用转换的其他例子:
(1)另一方面,我将帮着建立英语角,给学生提供一个练习英语口语的平台。
   On the other hand,I will help set up the English corner.I will   
   provide students with a platform to practice their oral English.
   →On the other hand,I will help set up the English corner,
   providing students with a platform to practice their oral English.
   (动词-ing形式作状语)
(2)昨天召开的会议很重要。
   The meeting was held yesterday.It was of great importance.
   →The meeting held yesterday was of great importance.(过去分词短
   语作后置定语)
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

(3)我们应该多讲英语。我们认为这是很重要的。
   We should speak more English.We think it is very important.
   →We think it very important to speak more English.(it作形式宾语,
   不定式作真正宾语)
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.用非谓语动词转换复合句,使语言简练
      用非谓语动词转换复合句比转换简单句要容易一些,因为需转换的一般
  是从句部分,这时只需要判断用何种非谓语动词,再把握好时态和语态即可,
  所以只需两步。例如:
  第一步:写出复合句。
  After we had practiced playing basketball for almost two months,
  we strongly desired to be the winner.
  第二步:把after引导的时间状语从句转换为非谓语动词,practice与we之间
  为主谓关系,且表示完成,故用动词-ing形式的完成式作状语。
  Having practiced playing basketball for almost two months,we 
  strongly desired to be the winner.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

转换的几个其他例子:
(1)惊诧于他们的熟练程度,我决心要像他们一样好。
   Because I was amazed at how skillful they were,I determined to be 
   as good as them.
   →Amazed at how skillful they were,I determined to be as good as 
   them.
(2)看到一辆车朝她而来,我伸出手把她拉了回来。
   When I saw a car running towards her,I reached my hand out and    
   pulled her back.
   →Seeing a car running towards her,I reached my hand out and 
   pulled her back.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

(3)这里曾有一家大化肥厂。它每天释放出大量有毒气体,污染环境。
   There was a large factory,which produced fertilizer.Every day it 
   gave out a lot of poisonous gas,which polluted the environment.
   →There was a large factory,which produced fertilizer.Every day 
   it gave out a lot of poisonous gas,polluting the environment.
   简析:“原句”中分别由which引导两个定语从句,重复且单调,将第二个定
   语从句转换为动词-ing形式作状语后,不仅表达多样,而且言简意赅。
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

(4)由于老师的帮助,我的英语进步很大。因为我的英语进步很大,我确信我
   能考上更好的大学。
   Because my teacher helps me,my English has greatly improved.
   Because my English has greatly improved,I’m sure I will go to 
   a better university.
   →With my teacher helping me,my English has greatly improved.
   Because my English has greatly improved,I’m sure I will go to 
   a better university.
   简析:“原句”两处重复出现由because引导的从句,读起来很别扭。换用
   “with+动词-ing形式的复合结构”后,句子读起来会更加得体、精炼。
             ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

(5)因为天热,我们去游泳了。
   As it was hot,we went swimming.
   →It being hot,we went swimming.
(6)如果天气允许的话,我会去那儿。
   If weather permits,I will go there.
   →Weather permitting,I will go there.
                  ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
名师指导

    在所有的高级语法中,阅卷老师几乎都喜欢看到非谓语动词短语,其实几乎所有的状语从句
都可以变成非谓语动词短语或独立主格结构。如果你的作文中有状语从句,学会下面的口诀,就
可以改成非谓语动词短语或独立主格结构这个最大的亮点:一去,二看,三改。一去:去连词;二
看:看主语;三改:改分词。
    例如:条件状语从句:If such is the case,you should apologize to her.按照这个口诀
来改,第一步,去掉连词if;第二步,看前后两句话的主语,前后主语不一致,所以要改成独立主格
结构;第三步,改分词,is变成分词是being,所以最后变成Such being the case,you should 
apologize to her.独立主格结构。如果前后两句话主语一致,就变成分词结构。例如
:Entering the classroom,Ms.Li was surprised to find we were standing in line,
clapping hands and saying loudly “Happy Teachers’ Day!”这个句子就包含了两个分词
结构作伴随状语;再比如:Seeing them on the bus,I felt a kind of satisfaction.其他想
表达状语从句的时候几乎都一样。所以想表达“由于,因为,如果”等都写成独立主格或分词结
构会让阅卷老师多给几分。
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

即时演练

 运用非谓语动词形式完成句子
 1.As for the school’s library,it should be modern and equipped 
   with computers.It enables the students to have access to the 
   Internet.
   →As for the school’s library,it should be modern and equipped 
   with computers,                                             .

答案:1.enabling the students to have access to the Internet
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.My uncle is known for his expert advice.He is often asked to 
  help others with their personal affairs.
  →              ,my uncle is often asked to help 
  others with their personal affairs. 

 答案:2.Known for his expert advice
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.The boy came to school late again.This made the teacher very   
  angry.
  →                              made the teacher very angry.

 答案:3.The boy’s coming to school late again
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

4.Many students are burdened with study,so they are sparing no 
  efforts to study,and it leaves no time to take exercise.
  →       ,many students are sparing no efforts to study,
                                 . 
5.I saw an old granny.She lay on the ground.I went over to help her.
  →                               , I went over to help her.


  答案:4.Burdened with study;leaving no time to take exercise
       5.Seeing an old granny lying on the ground
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

6.If they are compared to the traditional ones, they have 3 new 
  unique functions.
  →               ,they have 3 new unique functions.
7.It carries articles.They are written by foreign friends about the 
  cultures of their home countries.
  →It carries articles                          about the cultures 
  of their home countries. 

  答案:6.Compared to the traditional ones
       7.written by foreign friends 
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

8.I have designed a pair of magic shoes.I made them to make our life 
   easier and the environment more beautiful.
  →                                    ,I have designed a pair of 
  magic shoes.

 答案:8.To make our life easier and the environment more beautiful 
︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
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