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Unit 1 Friendship      必
                       修
                       ① 
词句基础过关

  课文经典回顾

      重点词汇讲练

          写作句型仿写
词句基础过关
写作词汇

1. ignore________ their advice忽视他们的建议
2. concern________ your parents使你的父母亲担忧
3. suffer________ pain/defeat/losses遭受痛苦/失败/损失
4. ________settle  an argument解决争端
5. ________settle  in Canada在加拿大定居
6. ________pack  clothes into a trunk把衣物装进箱子里
7. ________disagree with his decision不同意他的决定
8. ________dislike  watching TV 不喜欢看电视
9. _______________swap/exchange  the pen for your ruler
    用钢笔换你的尺子

10. be _______upset  with me about it为此事对我心烦

11. be ________________grateful/thankful  to you for your support
      感谢你的支持

12. remain/stay/keep ______calm  保持冷静
13. my tennis ________partner 我的网球搭档

14. put on your __________overcoat 穿上你的大衣

15. give me a practical __________tip/suggestion
      给我一条实用的建议

16. let him work __________outdoors 让他在户外工作
阅读词汇

  1. loose      n. 项目;条款
  2. item       adv. 第二;其次
  3. secondly   adj. 松的;松开的
  4. curtain    vi. 打雷 n.雷;雷声
  5. thunder    n. 窗帘;门帘;幕布
6. teenager     n. 孤单;寂寞

7. suitcase     n. 公路;大路

8. highway      n. 调查;测验

9. loneliness   n. 手提箱;衣箱

10. survey      n. 十几岁的青少年
助记:

      It was thundering. I opened the 
 curtain and saw a German, a teenager 
 with a suitcase, walking alone down the 
 highway. Didn’t he have a sense of 
 loneliness?
词汇转换


1. Although they are twins, they look _______entirely 
(entire) different.
修饰形容词different用副词,表示“完全”不同。

2. This dictionary is ideal—it’s ________(exact)exactly  
what I needed.
修饰动词is用副词,表示“正好”是。
3. Marco was amazed by how beautiful and 
_________powerful  (power) China was.
在was后作表语用形容词。

4. We hope for a peaceful settlement__________ (settle) of 
the quarrel between the countries.
在“冠词+形容词”后用名词。settlement在本句中
表示“解决,和解”,此外还有“定居,移民;定
居地”之意,如:European settlement began in 
1840 when the British arrived. 欧洲移民开始于
1840年英国人到来的时候。
5. I was very _______(dust)dusty  and dirty and 
went up to my room to wash.
与dirty并列,作表语,用形容词。

6. She made a quick __________recovery  (recover) 
from her illness.
在“冠词+形容词”后用名词。
7. He was very ___________ (concern) about her.
            concerned
在系动词be后要用形容词,表示“关心的,担忧
的”。be concerned about (关心,担忧)是固定搭
配。

8. We mustn’t be blind to the __________(suffer) 
                       suffering
of others.
在the与of之间通常用名词,故填suffering(痛苦)
。
9. She likes cats but _________(like)dislikes  dogs.
由but可知,她“不喜欢”狗,又由likes可知用一
般现在时,故填dislikes。

10. She tends to get angry when others ________disagree 
(agree) with her.
由get angry可知是别人“不同意”她的意见,又
由tends可知是一般现在时,故填disagree。
词组搭配

1. _____________walk the dog  遛狗
2. _______add up  these figures把这些数字加起来
3. ________pack up  the things把这些东西装进箱里
4. _____________________________________set down/write down/take down/note down/
    ________________________put down/make a note of  a series of facts
   记下一系列事实
5. ___________go through  too many wars饱经战火
6. ___________suffer from  headaches患头痛
7. _____________recover from  a severe illness从重病中康复
8. ________join in  this activity参加这一活动

9. ____________________be concerned about  you关心你
10. ___________be tired of  computer games厌烦电脑游戏
11. ______________get along with  his fellows与他的同伴相处
12. ______________fall in love with  her/art爱上她/艺术
13. __________in order to  promote friendship为了增进友谊
14. _____calm  your friend ______down 使你的朋友平静下来
15. stay awake ____________on purpose 故意不睡
16. talk with me ___________face to face  同我面对面地交谈
17. reach the destination _________at dusk 在黄昏时刻到
      达目的地
18. I __________no longer  play computer games. 
_____________________________________(=I don’t play computer games any longer.)
      我不再玩电脑游戏。
美句必背

1. While _________walking  (walk) the dog, you were 
careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 遛
狗时你太粗心让狗跑脱了,结果它被车撞了。

2. I wonder if it is _________Ibecause  haven’t been able 
to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so 
crazy _______about  everything to do _____with  nature. 我
不知道是不是因为我很久未能到户外的缘故, 我
变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。
3. I can well remember that there was a time  
 _______awhen  deep blue sky, the song of the birds, 
moonlight and flowers could never have kept 
me spellbound. 我记得很清楚,曾有一段时间,
湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令
我心迷神往过。
4. …it was the first time in a year and a half 
that I _________(see)had seen  the night face to face. 这
是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。

5. It’s no pleasure  ________(look)looking  through 
these any longer _________naturebecause  is one thing 
that really must _______________be experienced  (experience). 
观看这些已不再是乐趣,因为大自然是你必须
亲自体验的。
课文经典回顾
语法填空

      I wonder if it is because I haven’t been able 
to be outdoors for so long 1 ______I’vethat  grown 
so crazy   about everything to do with nature. I 
can well remember that there was 2 ___a  time 
when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, 
moonlight and flowers could never have kept 
me spellbound. That  3 _____________(change)has changed  
since I was here.  
     …For example, one evening when it was so 
warm, I stayed 4 _______(wake)awake  on purpose until 
half past eleven in order to have a good look at the 
moon by myself.
      But as the moon gave far too much light, I 
didn’t dare open a window. Another time five 
5 ________months  (month) ago, I happened 6 _______to be  
(be) upstairs at dusk when the window was open. I 
didn’t go downstairs 7 ______until  the window had to 
be shut. 
The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the 
thundering clouds held me entirely in their 
power; it was the first time in a year and a half 
that I’d seen the night face 8 ____to  face…
     …9 ________(sad)…ISadly  am only able to look 
at nature through dirty curtains 10 _________hanging  
(hang) before very dusty windows. It’s no 
pleasure looking  these any longer because 
nature is one thing that really must be 
experienced.
短文改错

Dear Miss Wang,
      I’m having some trouble with my classmates 
at moment. I’m getting along good with a boy in
 the                   well
my class. We often do homework together and 
we enjoy help each other. They have become 
      helping        We
really good friends. 
However, other students have started gossiping. 
They say that this boy and I had fallen in love. 
                     have
This has made me angrily. I don’t want to end 
               angry
the friendship, and I hate others gossiping. How 
           but                  What
should I do? Could you give to me some advices?
                               advice
                                                                      Yours,
                                                                         Lisa 
1. 在moment前加the  因为at the moment (=now
现在,目前)是固定词组。
2. good→ well  修饰谓语动词用副词,表示“与
某人相处得很好”是get along well with sb。
3. help→ helping  因enjoy doing sth是习惯搭配
。
4. They→ We  是指“我和那位男生”已经成为好
朋友,故用we。
5. had→ have  前后都是现在时。
6. angrily→ angry  作宾补用形容词。
7. and→ but  因前后是转折关系。
8. How→ What  在句中作do的宾语,用
疑问代词what。
9. 删除give后的to  因give后直接接宾语
;表达“给某人提建议”是give sb some 
advice或give some advice to sb。
10. advices→ advice  因为advice是不可
数名词,没有复数形式。
重点词汇讲练
1.upset  vt.使心烦;使生气 
                adj.心烦的;不适的

搭  配

be upset with sb/about sth 对某人/为某事生气
 运  用

⑴ I’m sorry,I didn’t mean to ____________upset you
(使你心烦).

⑵ If I catch you doing that again,I’ll about 
that ______________________be upset/angry with you  (对你非常生气).
2.  calm adj. 冷静的;平静的 
                vt. 使平静;使镇静
     calm (sb) down (使某人)平静下来

 运 用
⑴ Please _____________(calm down 冷静下来)and let me 
know what has happened.

⑵ The doctor has given her some pills ________to calm
__________her down  (使她镇静下来). 
3. ignore vt. 忽视;不顾;不理睬

运  用
⑴ I said hello to her,but she ____________ignored me
(不理睬我) completely!

⑵ You can’t ______________ignore the fact  (忽视这个事实) 
that China is still a developing country. 
4. concern  vt. (使)担忧;涉及;关系到
                    n.担心;关注;(利害)关系

 派  生

___________concerned  adj.担心的;忧虑的(=worried)
___________concerning   prep.关于;涉及(=about)
搭  配

be concerned about/for/that关心;担心
be concerned with sth与某事有关(=be about sth)
as far as I am concerned对我个人来说
运  用

⑴ Her illness ______________________concerns her parents  (使她的父
母很担心). 
   
⑵ ___________________________(Out of concern for her health 出于对她健康
的关心),we suggested she take a week off work. 
⑶  ________________________As far as I am concerned  (就我而言),  
I’m not against your plan. 

⑷ Last week,we did a survey among 2,600 
students _____________(concern)concerning  “Who Is 
Your Idol”. 
5. suffer vi.感到疼痛/ 痛苦(feel pain or sadness)
               vt.遭受,经历(experience something bad)
    suffer from受……之苦,患(病)

派  生

__________sufferer  n.患病者,受难者
__________suffering  n.疼痛,痛苦,折磨
运  用

⑴ The football team _________________suffered a defeat  (
遭受失败) yesterday.
 

⑵ He _______________________(is suffering from toothache 患牙痛) 
now. 
6. recover vi.& vt. 痊愈;恢复;重新获得

 派  生

__________recovery  n. 恢复;复苏
搭  配

recover one’s sight/senses恢复视力/知觉

recover from the operation在手术后康复
 运  用

⑴ I must study hard _______________________to recover the lost time
     (把失去的时间重新补回来).  

⑵ He ______________________________(is recovering from a knee injury 膝伤正
     在康复). 

⑶ She is on the road to __________recovery  (recover). 
7. disagree vt.不同意;
                         (食物、气候等)对某人不适
运  用
⑴ I disagree ______with  him ____on  this point. 

⑵ He had a ______________(disagree)disagreement  with his 
girlfriend. 

⑶ Some kinds of meat _________________disagree with me  (对我 
不适宜). 
8. add up 合计
    add to(=increase) 增加;增添
    add…to… 把……加到……
    add up to(=amount to) 加起来共计/达
    add that 补充说

派  生
addition n.  加;加法;增加物
in addition (to) 除……以外(还);此外
 运 用
(1) 频繁的考试会给学生增加压力。
Frequent tests will ___________________onadd to the pressure  the 
students.

(2) It is known to us all that good friends ______add
      happiness____________________( to our life 给我们的生活增添
     幸福感).

(3) Please ________(add up 加起来) the money and I’m
      sure it will __________(add up to 合计) more than 
     1,000 yuan.
9.  go through 经历;经受;审查;浏览


 联 想

 get through通过;做完;接通电话
 运  用
⑴ Could you __________________________go through this file/document
     (通读一下这份文件)and mark anything that
      is relevant?

⑵ We have already ____________________got through half of our
      work______ (已经做完一半工作).  
10.  set down(=write/ get/ put down)记下;
      让乘客下车

  联      想       用适当的介词或副词填空。
⑴ set _______about  doing sth 开始着手做某事
⑵ set _______out  to do sth 开始着手做某事
⑶ set _______off  动身(vi.);引爆(vt. )
⑷ set _______up  成立;开办;竖起
 运 用
⑴ Please _____________________________set down what the teacher said
_________(just now 记下老师刚才讲的)in your 
notebook.
 

⑵ The bus stopped _____________________to set down an old lady
 (让一个老太太下车).  
11. in order to为了(可位于句首) 
      in order that(+从句)为了(可位于句首)
      so as to (do)为了(不能位于句首) 
      so that(+从句)为了,结果(不能位于句首)
 运 用
⑴ She spoke in a loud voice on purpose _______in order 
___________(to/so as to 为了)make herself noticed. 

⑵ ________________________________(In order that he could/In order to 为了) 
achieve his goal,he started to work very hard. 
12. get along with 与……相处;进展

 运 用
The ability to communicate well can _________help us  
______________________get along with others  (有助于我们与他人相
处).
写作句型仿写
1. happen to do…when… 
    当……的时候, 碰巧……

 说  明

表示“碰巧做某事”也可用It happens/ happened 
that…句型。
仿  写

⑴ 昨天我去找他的时候,碰巧他父母都在家。
_________________ It happened that  his parents _____________were at home
______________________________.when I called on him yesterday

⑵ 一天我正在购物时碰巧遇上了王飞。
One day I __________________Wanghappened to meet  Fei ______when
_______________.I was shopping
2. There was a time when… 
    曾经有段时间……
   
 仿  写
⑴ 曾经有段时间我非常厌倦学习。
_____________________There was a time when  I was___________________. very tired of study 

⑵ 我弟弟曾一度痴迷于网络小说。
_____________________There was a time when  my brother was__________ crazy
__________________________.about reading online novels  
3. It is the first time that…have/has done 
sth. 这是某人第一次做某事。

 说  明

⑴ 本句型中的it可用this或that替代。
⑵ first可改为second,third等。
⑶ 当is改为was时,从句中的have/has改为had。
比  较

It is time that sb did/should do sth. 是某
人该做某事的时候了。(=It’s time for sb 
to do sth.)
仿  写
⑴ 我告诉导游这是我第一次来台湾旅游。
I told the guide that it was the first time that I 
had travelled in Taiwan.

⑵ 这个短语已经第三次出现在我们的练习中,
所以我们一定要掌握它。
____________________________________It’s the third time that the phrase has
________________________,appeared in our exercises  so we must master 
it. 
4. 强调句式:It is+被强调部分+that/who+
句子剩余部分

 说  明

⑴ 此句型用于强调句子的主语、宾语、状语,不
能强调谓语;
⑵ 与现在时有关时it后用is,与过去时有关时it后
用was;
⑶ 无论强调什么成分都用that,强调人时
     还可用who;

⑷ 强调主语时谓语动词的数要与之一致;

⑸ 强调not…until结构时是It is/was not 
     until…that…。
仿  写
⑴ 昨天我在街上碰见的就是他。
It was ________________________________him that/whom I met in the street
___________.yesterday

⑵ 昨天是我让他回家的。
It was __________________________________.I that/who let him go home yesterday

⑶ 昨晚妈妈直到深夜才睡觉。
It was not until far into the night that my mother 
went to bed./My mother didn’t go to bed until far 
into the night.
Thank you !
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