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2018-2019学年人教版英语必修一 Unit 3 Travel journal

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Book 1  Unit 3
Travel journal
内容索引


                          基础语境串记

                          考点互动探究

                          跟踪达标训练
基础语境串记
                         重点单词

Ⅰ.核心必记单词
1. transport                  n.& vt.运输;运送
2. prefer            vt.更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物)
 → preference          n.偏爱;优先权;偏爱的事物
3. persuade                 vt.说服;劝说→ persuasion          n.劝说,说服(力)
4. graduate                 vi.毕业
                     n.大学毕业生
 → graduation          n.毕业
5. finally            adv.最后;终于
6. schedule                 n.时间表;进度表
                     vt.为某事安排时间
7. organize                vt.组织;成立→ organization            n.组织
8. determine                   vt.决定;确定;下定决心→ determined          adj.坚决的;有决心的
  → determination             n.决心;决定;确定
9. journey               n.旅行;旅程
10. attitude               n.态度;看法
11. view         n.风景;视野;观点;见解
              vt.观看;注视;考虑
Ⅱ.阅读识记单词
12.journal n.________________日记;杂志;定期刊物_____
13.disadvantage n._______________不利条件;不便之处____
   → advantage          n.有利条件;优势,长处
14.flow vi.______流动;流出_____
             n._____流动;流量______
15.shortcoming n.___缺点__
16.bend n.______弯;拐角___
              vt._______使弯曲
              vi._______弯身;弯腰____
17.boil vi.____________________(指液体)沸腾;(水)开

18.forecast n.& vt.________预测;预报___

19.reliable adj. 可信赖的;可靠的                                 → rely    v.依赖;依靠

20.beneath prep.______在……_下面____
语境活用 [用所给词的正确形式填空]
1.That young man is honest,cooperative,always there when you need 
his help.In short,he’s  reliable             (rely).(2016·浙江)
2.We should overcome our weakness and fears with courage and 
 determination                         (determine).(2016·天津)
3.After a long delay the performance  finally            (final) started.
4.His lack of education was a  disadvantage                       (advantage) when he looked 
for a job.
5.I work with Volunteers for Wildlife,a rescue and education 
  organization                      (organize) at Bailey Arboretum in Locust Valley.
                                              (2017·全国Ⅰ)
6.Several days later,when the video was played on the ___________graduation
(graduate) ceremony,it was well received.(2017·北京)
7.That person personally persuaded the personnel with ___persuasive_________
(persuade) words.
8.Choosing furniture is largely a matter of personal  preference                   (prefer).
                            高频短语

1. ever         since         自从;自……以后
2. dream             about           梦想
3. graduate                 from         毕业于
4. be      fond          of    喜爱;喜欢
5. care         about           关心;在意;忧虑;惦念
6. change              one      ’    s    mind         改变主意
7. make           up       one      ’    s   mind          下决心;决定
8. give         in    投降;屈服;让步
9. as      usual          照常
10.  at     midnight                在午夜
语境活用 [用上述加颜色短语的正确形式填空]
1.Although I got up with a headache,I went to work  as    usual          .
2.At the same time,I    made          up     my       mind          to study harder rather than 
waste precious time on those useless things,such as playing video games 
and chatting online.
3.The book is especially helpful for those who   care         about             their body 
shape.
4.She  was/is            especially  fond          of     a little girl named Betsy.
5.Now Alia waited for the war to end and  dreamed               about          peace and a 
new library.(2017·浙江)
6.—Where is Peter?I can’t find him anywhere.
—He went to the library after breakfast and has been writing his essay 
there  ever         since         .(2015·福建)
联想拓展·多积累

 1.位置反义词小结
 (1)on→beneath
 (2)over→under
 (3)above→below
2.fore-前缀表“预见的;前部的”
(1)forecast n.& v.预测;预报
(2)foresee v.预见;预知
(3)foretell v.预言;预测
(4)forehead n.前额
(5)foreword n.前言;序
(6)foresight n.先见之明;远见
3.“态度”单词聚焦
(1)negative消极的;否定的→positive积极的;肯定的
(2)optimistic乐观的→pessimistic悲观的
(3)mild温和的→tough强硬的
(4)partial偏袒的→neutral中立的
(5)sympathetic同情的→indifferent漠不关心的
4.“缺点”汇总
(1)weakness n.弱点;缺点
(2)shortcoming n.短处;缺点
(3)disadvantage n.劣势;缺点
(4)defect n.缺陷;缺点
5.与完成时连用的常见短语
(1)ever since自从
(2)over/during/in the last/past+一段时间在过去……时间里
(3)so far到目前为止
(4)up to/till now直到现在
6.“喜欢”一族
(1)be fond of喜欢
(2)be crazy about对……着迷
(3)be addicted to对……上瘾
(4)be keen on喜爱
(5)have a fancy/preference for喜欢
                         经典句式

1.ever since与完成时连用
Ever since middle school,my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed 
about taking a great bike trip.
从高中起,我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅行。
2.insist+that...坚决要求……;坚持主张……
Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places,she 
insisted that she organize the trip properly.
尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅行
安排得尽善尽美。
3.不定式的主动形式表示被动意义
When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very 
cold,she said it would be an interesting experience.
当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸会很困难而且天气很冷时,她却说这
将是一次有趣的经历。
句式仿写
1.上星期她病了,从那时起她就一直卧床不起。
She fell sick last week and  has        been          in     bed        ever since.
2.我告诉她咳嗽了一晚上她不应该去游泳了,但是她拒绝放弃,坚持要
去。
                                                (2016·天津)
I told her she shouldn’t swim(that) after  shea whole (should) night go’s coughing,but she 
refused to give up and insisted                                       .
3.在夏季,人们可以神清气爽地呼吸新鲜空气,愉悦地享受自然风光。
                                               (2016·四川)
In summer,fresh air   is     comfortable                       to     breathe               and natural scenery 
  is    pleasant                to      enjoy          .
考点互动探究
               边讲
               边练    突破核心词汇

1 prefer v.更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物)

拓展词:preference n.偏爱;优先权;偏爱的事物

(1)prefer to do/doing...更喜欢做……
prefer sb.to do...更喜欢让某人做……
prefer sth./doing...to sth./doing...与……相比更喜欢……
prefer to do...rather than do...宁可做……也不做……
(2)have a preference for...偏爱……
(1)Rather than   talk       (talk) with his mother,he prefers  to      be    (be) always 
on the phone,sleep,stay in his room or go out with his friends.
他更喜欢打电话,睡觉,待在房间里或和朋友外出而不是和母亲说说
话。                              for
(2)A teacher should not show preference         any one of his pupils.
教师不应偏爱任何一个学生。
[一句多译]
(3)她宁愿跟我们一起去也不愿留下来。
① She     preferred         going      with      us   to   staying        behind.       (prefer...to...)
② She     preferred         to   go    with     us    rather       than     stay            (prefer...rather 
  behind.
than...)
③ She     would      rather       go    with     us   than      stay     behind.       (would rather...than...)
④ She     would      go    with     us   rather       than      stay     behind.            (would...rather than...)
 2 persuade vt.说服;劝说;使信服;使相信

拓展词:persuasion n.劝说,说服(力)

 persuade sb.to do sth.=persuade sb.into doing sth.说服某人做某事
 persuade sb.not to do sth.=persuade sb.out of doing sth.说服某人不
 做某事
 persuade sb.of sth./that...使某人相信……

(1)It was hard to persuade him  to      give       up/into               giving            up/out             of      smoking.
说服他戒烟很难。
[同义句改写]
(2)He tried to persuade me to accept his idea,but in vain.
→He  advised                 me         to     accept his idea,but in vain.
[熟词生义] 写出句子中加颜色词的汉语意思
(3)How can I persuade you that I am sincere?                        _______使相信
[联想发散] 表示“试图说服某人做某事(不一定说服)”的表达形式:
try to persuade sb.to do sth.;advise sb.to do sth.。
 3 determine vi.& vt.决定;确定;(使)下定决心

拓展词:determined adj.坚决的;坚定的;果断的
determination n.决心;坚定;果断

 (1)determine to do...决定做……(表示动作)
 determine on/upon决定
 (2)be determined to do...决心做……(表示状态)
 (3)with determination坚决地;果断地
(1)This made Hannah very sad,and even  more           determined                    
(determine) to do something.
这使汉娜很伤心,也更坚定了她要做点儿事情的决心。(2017·北京)
[同义句改写]
(2)I have determined to spend my holiday at home.
→I have  determined                     on/upon                   spending                 my holiday at home.
[句式升级]
(3)Johnny broke away and ran outside and he was determined never to 
go to another dance.(用形容词短语作状语改写)
Johnny broke away and ran outside,____________________________determined never to go to
  another               dance           .
 4 view n.看法;观点;视野;风景
            v.把……看作;观看;考虑

拓展词:viewer n.观看者;观众

 (1)in view of鉴于;由于;考虑到
 come into view进入视野;看得见
 in view在视线范围内
 in one’s view/opinion在某人看来
 (2)view...as...把……看作……
(1) In      view          of     the weather,we will cancel the outing.
因天气关系,我们要取消此次郊游。
(2)  In     my        view/opinion                      ,if you want to learn English well,you need to 
do more listening,speaking,reading and writing.
依我看来,如果你想学好英语,你需要多听、多说、多读、多写。
(3)  Viewed             (view) from a distance,the island looked like a cloud.
从远处看,这个岛看起来像一朵云。
5 care about关心;在意;忧虑;惦念

care for喜欢;照顾
take care当心
take care of照料;处理
with care小心地
(1)She thinks only of herself;she doesn’t  care          about           other people.
她只顾自己,不顾别人。
(2)As the average age of the population increases,there are more and 
more old people to  care         for      .
随着人口平均寿命的延长,越来越多的老人需要照顾。(2016·天津)
[同义句改写]
(3) Whatever you do,you must do it carefully.
→Whatever you do,you must do it  with          care        .
[易错点拨]
care about意为“介意;在乎”;care for意为“喜欢;照顾”,两者
意义不同,不要混淆。
6 change one’s mind改变主意

make up one’s mind下决心;决定
read one’s mind看出某人的心思
fix/keep one’s mind on...把注意力放在……上
bear/keep sth.in mind记住某事
never mind没关系;不要紧
(1)The determined look in their eyes told us that nothing could make them
 change              their          minds           .
他们坚定的眼神告诉我们任何东西都不能使他们改变主意。
(2)Williams’ two books helped Benjamin to    make           up       his      mind            to be a 
painter.
威廉姆斯的两本书帮助本杰明下定决心成为一名画家。(2017·浙江)
(3)On the Internet,we could quickly and easily locate the details,and 
check facts,without  keeping                them          in      mind         .
在互联网上,我们可以快速方便地找到详细资料,核对事实,而不必记住
它们。(2016·江苏)
[易错点拨]
change one’s mind和make up one’s mind中mind随one’s的单复数
变化而变化。
7 give in投降;屈服;让步;上交

give away泄露;赠送
give out分发;用完;耗尽;发出(热、光等)
give off发出(气味、热等);冒出
give up放弃
give back归还
(1)Only a coward  gives           in     to     his       fate        .
只有懦夫才会向命运屈服。
(2)Body language can    give       away         a lot about your mood,so standing 
with your arms folded can send out a signal that you are being defensive.
身势语能够泄露很多你的情绪,因此双臂交叉站着能发送出你正在防卫
的信号。(2015·浙江)
(3)We had just reached home when the petrol  gave          out       .
我们刚好到家,汽油用光了。
                 点拨
                 规律    突破经典句型

  8 Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places,she 
    insisted that she organize the trip properly.
    尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这
    次旅行安排得尽善尽美。
句型:insist+that...

(1)insist作“坚持要求;坚持主张”讲时,后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,即
从句谓语动词用(should+)     do;作“坚持说;坚持认为”解时,其后的从句
用陈述语气。
(2)insist on/upon (doing) sth.坚持要求(做)某事
(1)The doctor insisted that she  was       (be) seriously ill and that she __(should)_____
  be      operated               (operate) on immediately.
医生坚持说她病得很重,坚决要求马上给她动手术。
[同义句改写]
(2)He insisted that I (should) go with him.
→He insisted  on        me/my              going             with           him        .
[易错点拨]
 insist既不接不定式,也不接动名词,遇此情况要用insist             on。insist后也
不接不定式的复合结构。
9 When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be 
  very cold,she said it would be an interesting experience.
  当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸会很困难而且天气很冷时,她却
  说这将是一次有趣的经历。

句型:不定式的主动形式表示被动意义
动词不定式的主动形式表示被动意义的几种情况:
(1)主语+be+adj.+不定式,常用于本句型的形容词包括:easy,hard,
difficult,interesting,heavy,pleasant,comfortable,safe,dangerous
,impossible,strange等。在这种句型中,不定式与句子的主语构成逻辑
上的动宾关系,如果动词是不及物动词时,应该在不及物动词后加上适当
的介词。
(2)have/give/show/get sth.to do句型中的不定式与前面的名词有动宾关系,
又和句中另一名词或代词构成主谓关系。
(3)在“疑问词+to do”中,不定式常用主动式。
(4)be to blame/let短语中,不定式主动形式表示被动意义。
(1)In my opinion,a man who is hard to please must be difficult to work 
with.
依我看来,一个很难取悦的人一定很难共事。
(2)The sentence is not easy  to      understand                    (understand).
(3)Her coworker was sick so she had a lot of work  to     do     (do) today.
(4)His admission that he was   to     blame           (blame) kept the others from 
being punished.
跟踪达标训练
Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.They needed to be aroused(激发) one way or the other,and they 
preferred good news   to     bad.(2016·全国Ⅲ)
2.If you don’t speak good English,you’ll be   at    a big disadvantage 
when you try to get a job.
3.We have made up our   minds           (mind) to overcome this difficulty.
4.My husband and I insisted that our children   were      (be) old enough to 
make their beds.
5.She is scheduled   to    give     (give) a speech tonight,hoping all of us will 
attend it.
6.I hold a positive attitude  towards/to                   online voting.(2016·江苏)
7.She left school three years ago and  has      been         working             (work) as a nurse 
ever since.
8.This machine is very easy  to     operate             (operate).Anybody can learn to use 
it in a few minutes.
9.Mr Black,who is a very   organized                 person,works as the president of 
a large international  organization                      .(organize)
10.My brother  graduated               from Beijing University last year.He has been 
working in a famous company after  graduation                    .(graduate)
Ⅱ.单句改错(每小题仅有1处错误)

1.The government insisted that plans∧ made to help those out of work.
                            be
2.The man is very stubborn and difficult to get along well∧ .
                                           with
3.Having worked for two days,Steve managed to finish his report on the 

schedule.
4.He persuaded her to stop smoking but failed.
     advised
5.Determining,Dad filled our plates with steaming stew and passed 
  Determined
them around.
Ⅲ.教材与语法填空
    Wang Kun and Wang Wei are brother and sister.They have dreamed 
about 1. taking           (take) a great bike trip.After graduating from college,they 
finally got the chance 2.    to     take          (take) a bike trip.It was Wang Wei 
3.   who/that              first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River,
whose source is in Qinghai Province.Despite all the difficulties,Wang Kun 
and Wang Wei were 4. determined                (determine) to begin their journey at an 
altitude of 5.  more       (much) than 5,000 metres in Qinghai Province.Before 
their trip,they found a large atlas 6.  with           good maps 7.  showing                (show)
details of world geography.From it they were surprised to learn that 
half of the Mekong River is in China.When it enters Southeast Asia,it 
travels 8.  slowly        (slow) through low valleys to the plains 9.  where         rice 
grows.At last,the river delta enters 10.  the       South China Sea.
 Ⅳ.教材与短文改错

     Although it was autumn,the snow was already beginning to fall in 

 Tibet.Along the way children who were dressing in long wool coats stop to 
                                 dressed            stopped
 look at us.The lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked 

 wonderfully.To climb the mountains was hard work but as we found 
  wonderful
 myself cycling through clouds,we were surprising.It was a great fun to 
ourselves                         surprised
 go down the hills.In the valleys colourful butterflies flew around us and 

 we saw many sheeps eating green grass.
          sheep
    In the early evening we always stop to make camp.At midnight the 

sky became clear and the stars grew brighter.We can hardly wait∧ reach 
         clearer                                  to
Dali in Yunnan Province,there our cousins will join us.
                     where
Ⅴ.教材与微写作
写作素材(关于旅游)
1.我们的邻居汤姆,喜欢旅游而不愿待在家里。
2.上个月他说服我们和他一起去旅游。
3.他很可靠,关注准备工作的每个细节。
4.他选择了路线,找了交通工具并且制定了日程表。
5.他组织的这次旅游给我们带来了很多快乐。
提示:加颜色部分用本单元词汇表达,并且请使用过去分词短语作定
语。
连句成篇(将以上句子连成一篇50词左右的英语短文)
    Our neighbor Tom,prefers travelling to staying at home.Last 
month,he persuaded us to join in his journey.He was quite reliable and 
cared about every detail of the preparation work.He chose the route,
found the transport and made the schedule.The journey organized by 
him made us happy.


                                                       答案
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