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重庆市中山外国语学校高2019届模拟训练英语阅读理解(八)【word版无答案】

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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              重庆市中山外国语学校高 2019 届模拟训练英语之
                                   阅读理解(八)

                            (考试时间:40 分钟         试卷满分:30 分)

注意事项:

    1. 答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

    2.         回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡 

皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

    3. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

When kids believe they can achieve success in math and reading, they are more likely to achieve high test scores in 

those subjects, new research suggests.

Researchers used one US data set (1,354 American children) and one UK data set (13,901 British children) to

measure self-concept and standardized assessments of early and later academic achievement. Self-concept is how 

students perceive(感知)their abilities to succeed on academic tasks. The data involved youth aged 5 to 18.

The study considered children’s earlier achievement and their characteristics and backgrounds, including birth 

weight, race, gender, age, and their mother’s education.

The researchers found that children’s self-concept of their ability in math predicted later math achievement, while 

their self-concept of their ability in reading predicted later reading achievement.

The finding suggests that the links between self-concept of ability and later achievement are specific to areas; that 

is, there is a link from students’ self-concept about reading to reading achievement, and from students’ self-concept 

about math to math achievement.

“It is not unusual to see standardized measures of achievement predict achievement later in schooling, but it shows 

that there is more to understand.” says study coauthor Pamela Davis-Kean.

The research also showed that success was not limited to students who perform at the top levels.

“It involves in students with different levels of achievement in math and reading,” says Maria Ines Susperreguy, an 

assistant professor at Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, who led the study. “Even the lowest-performing 

students who had a more positive view of their math and reading abilities had higher levels of achievement in math
and reading.”

Researchers say they don’t know what parents or students did to create these beliefs, but it’s an issue they will 

research further.

1.What can we know about the children in the study?

A. They succeeded in maths.       B. Their ages ranged from 5 to 18.

C. They were from all over the world. D. They were well-performing children. 

2.What was considered when scientists did the research?

A.   Mother’s career.  B. Children’s weight. 

C.   Children’s age. D. Family background. 

3.What inspiration can we get from this text?

A. Success lies in hard work.

B. Intelligence is a must to success. 

C. Abilities can contribute to success.

D. Positive view matters much in success.

4.What will the researchers probably study in the future? 

A. The effect of children’s beliefs.

B. Students’ learning methods. 

C. Children’s future achievements.

D. Ways to develop children’s confidence.

  What would it be like to take a walk on the surface of Mars? If you could design the tallest 

building in the world, what would it look like? Do you dream of being the next J.K. Rowling? 

This summer, you can experience all of these things, and more. All you need is an Internet connection 

and your imagination.

A recent study by the Kaiser Family Foundation found that kids spend an average of 1 hour and 

29 minutes online each day. Many kids like to use that time to chat with friends, play games or 

check e­mails. But the next time you get on the Web, try exploring the world instead. “With the 

Internet, you can go back 11,000 years in time, or go 11,000 kilometers across the planet.” said 

Russell, Web search expert of Google. “The whole scope of history and the world is open to you.” 

There is a wealth of information to be found online. For example, if your family is going on vacation
                         中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


somewhere,do a quick online search on the area before you even get in the car. “What's the 

background of the place; what's the history?” says Russell. “I like to tell my kids, ‘Whenever 

you have a question, whenever you have a doubt, search it out.’”

Ready to launch a virtual journey of your own? Here are a few starting points to get you thinking 

and to help you on your way. You can invite your parents along for the ride, too. Always ask for 

permission before downloading programs and software onto your computer. And check with a parent 

or an adult before visiting a new Web site.

Navigate the world in 3­D with Google Earth. Begin in outer space and zoom(快速移动) into the 

streets of any city, from Hong Kong to San Francisco. Or visit ancient monuments, watch the changing 

rainforests over time, and dive underwater to explore tropical reef.

With the Moon in Google Earth tool, you can walk in Neil Armstrong's famous footsteps. Take a 

guided tour of the moon's surface with Armstrong's fellow shuttle mate astronaut Buzz Aldrin. 

When you're exploring that part of the solar system, hop on over to the Red Planet with Google 

Mars. There, you can move very quickly around the surface and see images from the Mars Rovers. 

5.The author uses questions in the first passage to         .

A.introduce the topic of the paragraph 

B.question the possibility of realizing the dream 

C.attract the readers' attention

D.let the readers answer it

6.How do you travel around the world in a day according to the passage? 

A.By taking the time shuttle.

B.By making use of the Internet 

C.By watching 3­D films.

D.By finding a tourism company in Google 

7.Russell thought          .

A.the students spent too much time on the Internet 

B.the students shouldn't chat and play games online

C.the students could solve their problems through the line 

D.the students should learn knowledge instead of chatting online
8.What's the purpose of the passage?
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A.Encourage the kids to spend more time online. 

B.Encourage the kids to do some research on science. 

C.Encourage the kids to learn to use the computer.

D.Encourage the kids to explore the world online.

  Every day, Daisy wakes up next to a man, who has to convince her they are married. When she 

expresses doubt, he takes out a photo album and shows her pictures of their wedding 13 years ago. 

Only then does amnesiac Daisy accept that she has been married, and that everything he has told 

her is true. The lady's condition was caused by brain injuries suffered in two road accidents, 

a motorbike crash in 1985 and a car accident in 1990. Daisy can recall everything up to 1994, 

but since then everything that happens on one day is forgotten the next day.

She has no day-to­day memory after the car crash. And it is not just loved ones Daisy struggles 

with. She uses hundreds of notes and reminders on her mobile phone's calendar to keep her informed 

of appointments and everyday duties. Anything she has done or anyone she has met must be logged 

for future reference. And on the rare occasions when she takes the risk of going out of her home 

alone, she has to be armed with navigation (导航) programmed with her address.

There are some benefits, however. There is no such thing as a repeat on TV and every joke is funny, 

because it seemed she has heard it the first time.“It’s like I am living the same day, day after 

day, said Daisy, who does voluntary work at a charity for people with disabilities three days 

a week.

Dr Peter Nestor said Daisy was suffering from anterograde(【医】 前进的, 顺行的) amnesia. He added, 

“It is reasonably rare, but it does exist. You are able to carry out day­to­day things, and don't 

forget how to do certain things like speaking. But if someone was to ask you what you did yesterday, 

you wouldn't have a clue.”

9.What caused Daisy’s condition? 

A. Her disability since birth.

B. Brain injuries in accidents. 

C. Her declining health

D. Overloaded working.

10.How did Daisy’s family help remind her?
A. By taking her to the hospital 

B. By telling her jokes.

C. By showing her old photos and pictures.

D. By persuading her to recall the car crash.

11.The underlined word “amnesiac” in Paragraph 2 probably means“          ”. 

A. strong             B. optimistic

C. warm­hearted     D. forgetful

12.What does the 3rd paragraph mainly tell us? 

A. Benefits of Daisy condition.

B. Great troubles Daisy has in life. 

C. How Daisy helps herself.

D. The reason why Daisy forgets things.

13.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? 

A. Daisy could still enjoy a lot in spite of her illness.

B. The only thing Daisy kept in mind was her home. 

C. Daisy couldn't do anything but stay at home.

D. Daisy didn't want to trust anyone else.

  Kodak’s decision to file for bankruptcy (破产) protection is a sad, though not unexpected, 

turning point for a leading American corporation that pioneered consumer photography and dominated 

the film market for decades, but ultimately failed to adapt to the digital revolution.

Although many attribute Kodak’s downfall to “complacency (自满) ,” that explanation doesn’t 

acknowledge the lengths to which the company went to reinvent itself. Decades ago, Kodak predicted 

that digital photography would overtake film (胶片) — and in fact, Kodak invented the first digital 

camera in 1975 — but in a fateful decision, the company chose to shelf its new discovery to focus 

on its traditional film business.

“It wasn’t that Kodak was blind to the future”, said Rebecca Henderson, a professor at Harvard 

Business School, but rather that it failed to execute on a strategy to confront it. By the time 

the company realized its mistake, it was too late.

Kodak is an example of a firm that was very much aware that they had to adapt, and spent a lot
                         中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


of money trying to do so, but ultimately failed. Large companies have a difficult time switching 

into new markets because there is a temptation to put existing assets ( 资产) into the new 

businesses.

Although Kodak predicted the unavoidable rise of digital photography, its corporate (企业的) 

culture was too rooted in the successes of the past for it to make the clean break necessary to 

fully embrace the future. They were a company stuck in time. Their history was so important to 

them. Now their history has become a liability.

Kodak’s downfall over the last several decades was dramatic. In 1976, the company commanded 90% 

of the market for photographic film and 85% of the market for cameras. But the 1980s brought new 

competition from Japanese film company Fuji Photo, which undermined Kodak by offering lower prices 

for film and photo supplies. Kodak’s decision not to pursue the role of official film for the 

1984 Los Angeles Olympics was a major miscalculation. The bid went instead to Fuji, which exploited 

its sponsorship to win a permanent foothold in the marketplace.

14.What do we learn about Kodak?

A. It went bankrupt all of a sudden. 

B. It is approaching its downfall.

C. It initiated the digital revolution in the film industry. 

D. It is playing a dominant role in the film market.

15.Why does the author mention Kodak’s invention of the first digital camera? 

A. To show its early attempt to reinvent itself.

B. To show its effort to overcome complacency.

C. To show its quick adaptation to the digital revolution. 

D. To show its will to compete with Japan’s Fuji photo.
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