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辽宁省北票市高级中学高中英语必修五人教版:Unit 1 grammar 学案

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                      Learning Plan of Grammar  
                                   B  层
                         过去分词作定语和表语

               高二英语必修五        Unit 1 Great scientists  第 7-8 课时
 
一  过去分词作定语
 [例句展示]     仔细观察下列句子中的过去分词的用法。
1. The recovered animals will be released soon.
2. We needed much more qualified workers.
3. Paper cuts used for religious purposes are often found in temples.
4. He is a teacher loved by his students.
5. The student dressed in white is my daughter. = The student who is dressed in white is my 
daughter.
[自我归纳] 
1. 过去分词作定语时,表示的动作在___________之前发生,已经完成并具有______意
义(见句     1)。此时,作定语的过去分词一般是由________动词变来的,因为只有此
类动词才有被动意义。

2.            单个的过去分词作定语一般放在被修饰的名词_____(见句                       1、句   2)。
________________作定语要放在被修饰的名词后面,作后置定语,表示被动或完成,
其作用相当于一个___________(见句            3、句   4、句  5)。
注意

1.  不及物动词的过去分词也可作定语,一般作前置定语,不表示被动意义,只强调动
作完成。如:fallen leaves    落叶;retired workers 退休工人;the risen sun   升起的太阳。
2. 如果被修饰的词是由         every / some / any / no + thing / body / one 所构成的复合代词或
指示代词     those 或 these 等时,即使是单一的过去分词作定语,也要放在被修饰词的后
面。如: 
There is nothing changed here since I left this town.
3.  过去分词短语有时还可用作非限制性定语,相当于一个非限制性定语从句,前后用
逗号分开。如:
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Some of them, born and brought up in rural villages, had never seen a train.
[辨析]   过去分词与动词-ing      形式作定语时的区别:
动词-ing  形式作定语时与所修饰的名词之间是_______关系,表示动作___________;而
过去分词作定语时,则表示________或_______意义。如:
Do you know the boy lying under the big tree?
The house built 50 years ago was damaged in the earthquake.
二、过去分词作表语

[例句展示]     仔细观察下列句子中的过去分词的用法。
1. The street is lined with small shops.
2. Tom was astonished to see his father.
[自我归纳]
过去分词作表语时,与谓语动词构成___________结构,表示主语的性质、特征和
_____。 
[辨析]
1.  过去分词作表语时与被动语态的区别:过去分词作表语,主要表示主                              语的状态和特
征,而被动语态则表示动作。如: 
The cup was broken by my little sister yesterday.
The library is now closed.  
2.    过去分词作表语与动词-ing         形式作表语的区别:过去分词说明主语的状态,动词-
ing 形式作表语表示主语的特征。如:
She was embarrassed because she didn’t know the answer.
Today’s meeting was boring.
3. 英语里有许多表示“情绪变化”的动词,如               interest, worry, surprise, frighten 等通常用其
过去分词形式来说明人的情况,用动词-ing                 形式来说明物的情况。如:
The book is interesting and I’m interested in it.  


【即学即练】[来源:Z。xx。k.Com]

I. 用括号内动词的正确形式填空。

TRAVELER: Excuse me. Can you tell me when the next flight 1. ________ (go) to  Los Angeles leaves?

AGENT: That would be the six o’clock flight.
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TRAVELER: No, I want a flight that  leaves in thirty minutes.

AGENT: I’m afraid the five o’clock flight 2. ________ (require) by you is full.


TRAVELER:  Oh, no![来源:学科网 ZXXK]

AGENT: Don’t b e so 3. __ ______ (disappoint). I am sure that the flight that leaves at six o’clock has  open 

       seats.

TRAVELER: OK. I’ll take that one.

AGENT: Do you want a seat next to the window or on the aisle (过道)?

TRAVELER: I’d like a window seat please. Do you have one 4. ________ (locate) in the tail section? 

AGENT: Let me see… Yes, I do. OK. Here you are. The 5. ________ (board) pass that I am giving you is for 

       seat number 29C.

TRAVELER: Thank you. This is a trip I am looking forward to — going home!  

AGENT: Have a good trip!


II. 用括号内动词的正确形式填空。

1. I found myself in an ________ (embarrass) situation last night.

2. The thief tried to open the ________ (lock) box.

3. The ________ (expect ) event didn’t occur.

4. The ________ (injure) woman was sent to hospital quickly. 

5. We need a(n) ________ (balance) diet in order to keep fit.

6. The dragon was a(n) ________ (terrify) sight for the villagers. The ________ (terrify) villagers ran for 


  their lives.[来源:学科网][来源:学*科*网 Z*X*X*K]


检测.   用括号内动词的正确形式完成下面短文。[来源:Zxxk.Com]

    American men are 1. ________ (interest) in basketball, baseball and American football. But many of 

them still think soccer is 2. ________ (bore).

    I’m 3. ________ (surprise) because their women’s soccer team d oes really well. I think things will 

change in the future and that Americans will fall in love with this game too. I would be very 4. ________ 

(satisfy) to get 5. ________ (notice) and help them change their attitudes towards soccer. It will be hard 

work for me, but I’m sure they won’t feel 6. ________ (disappoint). 
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